The theory of the social construction of gender is based on two principles. The first one understands gender as a construction through socialization, division of labor, which is formed by a system of gender roles, the family, and the media. The second one says that gender is constructed by the individuals themselves at the level of consciousness, the adoption of the given society norms and adjusting to them. It could be shown through the appearance, demeanor,
Q2) Arguments are continually made for gender, sexuality, and race as biological fact, however it is more productive to regard them as outcomes of discourses and discursive practices that have varied historically, geographically and culturally. Discuss this claim in the context of no more than two aspects of identity that we have analysed in the unit. Outline of Essay Biological determinism: The sex in which you are born determines behaviours in which you should demonstrate. These behaviours are inherent and therefore are already decided for you. Gender, sexuality and race are said to be a product of this but they are outcomes of discourse and discursive practices.
Investigating how we are socialized in regards to gender is interesting because it is such a broad topic on how society characterizes everyone by gender. The biological categories of gender strongly influence the social dynamics of gender (Conley 281). Gender matters because it structures relations between people, but as gender structures relation it does this on unequal ground.
(Reading, 2014) Defines gender identity as “a personal conception of oneself as male or female (or rarely, both or neither)”. Gender expression, which is defined as the ways in which we each manifest masculinity or feminity or the outward manifestations of personality that reflect the gender identity. Sex is either of the two categories (male and female) into which humans and most other living things are divided on the basis of their reproductive functions. In this essay, gender identity, gender expression and biological sex will be critically evaluated and examples will be given in order to distinguish between gender identity and gender expression. Gender is a socially constructed way of seeing a person as either male or female.
Since the beginning of time, gender roles have played a large part in the structure of life. Gender roles are simply defined as the appropriate behavior roles set on people by society and cultural norms. Although gender roles play an equally tremendous part in life for both genders; the internal roles for each gender are very different from each other. Apart from the standard that men are supposed to be masculine and women to be feminine, gender roles have much more to them; which can differentiate through region or time period. A great example that proves that there is a difference and change in gender roles through different scenarios is the short story “Girl” by Jamaica Kincaid which also pertains the themes of Parent/Child Relations and
Homosexuality is defined as the sexual relationships between members of the same biological sex. Typically, it stands for social relationships between men, while lesbianism stands for relationships between women (Collins Dictionary Of Sociology, 2006). Recognizing one’s sexual orientation is an integral process that can happen throughout the whole life (Floyd and Bakeman, 2013). Origin of homosexuality is always debated. Kahn (1995) thinks that homosexuality is affected by upbringing of one, while Rosario (2002) thinks that one’s sexuality is genetically determined.
All in all, gender roles can be defined as the type of behaviors considered acceptable depending on a person 's sex. This is a very strong theme. This theme of gender roles is seen in both modern media and also in Shakespeare’s “The Taming of the Shrew.” Not only is it presented as an expectation but also as a way of living in both examples. Gender roles are very known throughout our society and also a common theme in writing. Human beings express gender roles so often in their life that it becomes more than just a habit, it’s a way of life.
Every culture has its own unique views on social roles. This is an essential part of culture as social roles define the ways that people view the others around them. Social roles are constructed around a variety of different factors such as career, age, family, ethnicity, and gender. The last-mentioned dynamic is possibly one of the most important ones being that it divides the people of all cultures into two categories: male and female. In modern Western society, gender equality has been the most influential viewpoints in regards to social roles based on gender.
Gender is becoming a large word of conflict in society, and its use has increased in the past few years as the definition has been debated and discussed. Many people are trying to figure out what gender is, and if it is as simple as male and female, or if gender is different from sex and a much topic. I personally view it as a broad word that means more than it has in the past, but that is due to the environment I have grown up in and people that have been in my life as I have started learning new things about the world . The word gender has such conflict about its definition that I feel it should be open for more discussion, or have multiple definitions to make up for the variations in opinions. Throughout most of history and the usage of the word gender in the past, gender has been defined as groups of males or females and a class that is distinguished based off of certain