Perhaps you can be born with psychologically criminal instincts and then life events further your tendencies making you act in more criminalist. This paper will display how a criminal can be born but molded and persuaded by the society to cultivate the criminal mannerisms making them an actual criminal. While undeniable, what should only be seen as an inclination of crime rather than the actual cause of crime itself are the theories of genetic influences (Raine. A. 1993 pg 50).
what becomes obvious is that no matter what punishment the society gives, the decision is affected by theories of punishment. This essay focuses on discussing the theories of crime and theories of punishment and applying the concepts to the case of an accused 15-year-old known as ‘X’. Analysis of Crime Committed by X using Theories of Crime In order to get insight into why crime is committed, different theoretical explanations are involved. First are the biological theories of crime. These theories focus on the physical body with the view that inherited genes, evolutionary
Why We Punish & Different Ways Criminals are Punished Why does the criminal justice system of America punish criminals? The answer lies in the words “justice.” The term justice can be interpreted in many ways. Criminals are punished to: make people abide the laws of their country and state, put an end to illegal activity that could be harmful to themselves or the community, protect the public from evil, prevent crime from rising in certain areas. These are just some of the reasons why criminals are punished. There are also different approaches to punishing criminals such as: sentences that fit the crime, community service, the death penalty, and rehabilitation.
The due process model is seen to focus on the suspect whereas the crime control model focuses on the society. This paper analyzes these two models and based on the rate of crime in the society, makes recommendations as to which is the best model in criminal justice. The principle in law that one is innocent until proven guilty has created much discourse. There are those who feel that the moment that one is arrested, there is reasonable belief that they committed the crime. However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty.
In the past, an officer had relied on forensic methods that are much less accurate and that are being proved to be unreliable today. Statistics show that 36% of exonerated cases involved unreliable or limited science. (Collins, 2009) For example, DNA evidence is now the standard as opposed to previous methods of fingerprinting, and hair analysis. With the widespread acceptance of DNA testing, criminals can now be convicted with much more accuracy. Checks and balances must be in place to defend against improper expert testimony and junk science practices.
In Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment, Dostoevsky challenges the concept of crime. Through Raskolnikov’s ability to rationalize murder and evil, Dostoevsky challenges the concept of what a crime is. By depicting Raskolnikov in a way that he rationalizes his acts, it can be understood that the concept of crime is dependent on the situation and the outcome. With this, one can question whether crime will remain as a crime even if it results in the benefit of the majority of the population. In this paper, I will be arguing the concept of what crime is through the situations and the outcomes shown in Crime and Punishment, with the help of true to life crimes.
When policy and claimsmakers label crimes as social problems, they do not always account for all representations of crime. They neglect to realize that crime is a reality that filters through a series of human decisions running the full scale of the criminal justice system (Silver 265). Jeffery Reiman states within “A Crime by Any Other Name” that, “although there is a wide range of behaviors that the law defines as criminal, people tend to view crime as involving only certain kinds of acts committed by particular populations of individuals”. For example, the rhetoric presented within the War on Terror in the United States lead to moral panic which exaggerated and distorted perceived deviant behavior (Silver 330). Similarly, the rhetoric presented
Crime cuts across many disciplines such as sociology, psychology and criminology. Each of these disciplines try to explain why crime is committed and how people are compelled to commit crime, a good example is sociology. Sociology attributes crime due to poor socialization in society, while psychology attributes crime mainly due to biological and Pathological criminogenic behaviors. Many scholars have tried to define crime and each has given many reasons why crime is committed. Scholars such Cesare Lombroso attribute
If you were a juror in a murder case, would you undoubtedly conjecture that the arraign person is guilty? Playwright Reginald Rose published Twelve Angry Men in 1955. This play took place during a hot summer day in a jury room of a New York Court of Law in 1957. In act I of Twelve Angry Men, this about a nineteen-year-old man that was accused of murdering his father by a numerous amount of people. All things considered, if the verdict came back guilty the nineteen-year-old man would be sentenced to death by the electric chair.
Section 1: Description of Jeffrey Dahmer Jeffrey Dahmer, the Milwaukee Cannibal, killed 17 homosexual boys and men. Jeffrey Dahmer’s case helped the study for medical and psychology fields. When he was born he was known as happy child but after getting a surgery to correct a double hernia it changed his personality completely making him more reserved. To cope, Dahmer started to dissect animals, abuse alcohol and developed antisocial tendencies. This case shocked and sickened many individuals due to the violent nature of the murders.
However, on the 19th of November 1996, he pleaded guilty for a court hearing and was found guilty of all charges. Martin Bryant was sentenced with 35 life sentences and 1035 years imprisonment, for various charges including murder, attempted murder, inflicting grievous bodily harm. Therefore, Martin Bryant is undoubtedly guilty for the murder of 35 people along with 20 people injured as though he initially denied having anything to do with it, he later confessed at the court hearing, and admitted his
When sent to court in Maricopa County he was found guilty of arson and the sentence could have been 10 to 20 years. However, during the proceeding Marin had swallowed cyanide to escape his fate. We also spoke about a Marxist theory that stated that government creates criminal laws to benefit the people who own the means of economic production. It reminded me of my previous post on the forum which spoke about private prison groups lobbying to create
On June 13, 1994 Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were found murdered outside of Browns condo. The police suspected OJ Simpson to have committed the crime seeing Mr. Simpson had attacked Ms. Brown previously. It was clear that Mr. Simpson committed the crime jet a jury of 10 women and 2 men found him not guilty (9 of the jurors were black, 2 white and 1 Hispanic). This trial dealt with class, race and gender all at once. Make no mistake if OJ Simpson was not a wealthy man and could not afforded the defense her received the outcome of this trial would have been much different.
Another incident happened in Greeley Colorado in 2008 “, Angie Zapata, 20, was fatally beaten by her date after he discovered she was Transgender. Zapata 's killer, Allen Andrade, told police that after he discovered Zapata had male genitalia, he hit her twice in the head with a fire extinguisher thinking he had, in his words, "killed it." Andrade was reportedly a member of a Colorado gang that is reputed to have a zero-tolerance policy on homosexuality. He was charged with first degree murder and a hate crime.59 Andrade was found guilty of these crimes on April 22, 2009” "Hate Crimes Against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, And Transgender Individuals”.These crimes both happened about a decade ago, but has anything changed? “Reported hate crimes in Los Angeles increased 15% in 2016, with a marked rise in violence against LGBTQ individuals, according to a new analysis”, the report also says that “the 2016 jump was driven by a combination of a 64% surge in violent aggravated assaults, an 18.5% rise in racially motivated crimes and a 24.5% increase in crimes against LGBTQ people .
The 5 men arrested for the attack spent between 6 and 12 years in prison for a crime they did not commit. This event could have influenced Harper Lee because in the book it is a white lawyer defending a black man for rape charges and the same kind of thing happened in real life with the central park five. The five men who were tried in court sued the city of New York in 2003 for malicious prosecution, racial discrimination, and emotional distress. The case was settled in 2014 for $41 million. Later in 2014 the 5 men are trying to get another $52 million from the state of New York.