Globalization is a process of linking the world through many aspects, from the economic to the culture, the political. in different nations. This process uses to describe the changes in society and in the world economy, by creating a linkage and increasing exchange between individuals, organizations or nations in cultural perspective, economics on global scale (Globalization 101, n.d.). A process of creating many opportunities but also causes many challenges for all the nations in the world, particularly for developing countries. There are so many advantages that globalization brings to developing countries like free trade, technology transfer and reducing unemployment.
CONCEPT OF GLOBALIZATION Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture. It is the process of growing and expanding to exist throughout the entire world. The tendency to move beyond domestic and national markets to other markets around the globe, thereby increasing the interconnectedness of different markets. Globalization not only leds to increasing international trade, but also in cultural exchange. Globalization is both boon and bane.
Nowadays, in the light of the development in technology, especially in transportation and media, trade and communication has increased rapidly among countries. This trend is called globalization. Generally speaking, globalization has its own advantages and disadvantages. The development in international trade and communication has created employment and opportunities for millions of people, but it has also made poor countries poorer. In my opinion, globalization has both positive and negative aspects.
But this globalization leaved many questions to the people’s mind such is Globalization inevitable? And can we escape it? For me, based on the definition, globalization is, it refers to a worldwide movement of economic trade. An opening of the local and national through interconnectedness and interdependency, such as exporting and importing products around the globe. Is globalization inevitable?
However, nowadays, globalization due to the Industrial Revolution and the advances in transport and technologies has reached an unprecedented scope. Globalization can be explained in mainly 3 different areas: in politic, social and economic terms. In politic terms, globalization can refer to the shift of political activities from a single-nation level to a global level and it has been created international organization such as the United Nations. It has also tried to spread democracies all over the world. Social globalization describes an exchange of values, ideas and it has facilitated the promotion of equality, dignity and human rights.
Cultural globalization is often understood as the spatial diffusion of global products. At a deeper level, cultural globalization may be seen as the contested process of internationalization of values, attitudes and beliefs. The spread of cultural practices and symbols makes the world more the same, but at the same time triggers resistance. Hence, cultural globalization while uniting the world is also seen to strengthen local cultures and is a major force behind the creation of identities. Such homogenization or differentiation can be noticed in the change of cultural practices and consumption patterns over time and space.
Economic globalization refers to the free movement of goods, capital, services, technology and information around the world. Since the 1990s, due to the improvement of advanced communication technologies and the rapid expansion of multinational corporations, economic globalization has become an important trend of the world economic development. This trend not only provides a broader space for international markets for all countries, but also aggravates the competition among countries for market and resources. Economic globalization is an inevitable result of the development that no country can evade. In this paper, we will discuss that economic globalization is beneficial or not to developing countries.
Globalization involves the increasing interconnection of local and nationalistic economies across the world. It increases border movement of goods, people, technologies, ideas and services throughout the world. It lets other countries to join the rest of the world and become part of worldwide interrelatedness. As the biggest companies are no longer national firms but universal partnership. In my opinion, globalization is an important issue, as it allows countries to collaborate politically, socially and economically.
1) What do I think of when I hear the term globalization? My impression of “globalization” lends to the cross-pollination of cultures and their associated technologies, politics, tourism, environmental, social, economic, trades and commodities that impose and influence world growth and development. 2) a) Which major trends, developments, and phenomena are caused or influenced by globalization? Associated trends and developments of globalization having a profound effect on a multitude of areas globally that appear to be at the top of the list are; i) The tourism industry – With the globalization of the tourism industry, advancements in modern technologies and engineering have enabled global transportation more efficient and less costly to
This is a new era of globalization that brings with it opportunities and also new challenges with the dynamics of a free market. Globalization award access to benefit from the international separation of labor, technologies, international specialization, cultural exchange and the consumers like a wider variety of products with lower prices. Globalization also brings a higher level of strategizing. Business evolves in new