Despite forty years of US-led international drug control efforts that prioritize eradication of production, interdiction of traffic, and criminalization of consumption, overall drug production, trafficking and consumption have remained consistently steady.” (Policy , D) “ “In 1971, President Nixon announced the U.S. “war on drugs,” which every President since has carried forward as a battle standard. Until recently, most Latin American governments have coöperated, and in return have received intelligence, equipment, and, perhaps most importantly, financial assistance. The overall investment has been huge—the federal government now spends about fifteen billion dollars on it each year—with the net result that drug use has proliferated in the U.S. and worldwide. In the drug-producing countries, where drug consumption was negligible at the start of the American effort, the criminal narco culture has attained ghoulishly surreal proportions” (Anderson, J. L.) “Transnational organized crime likes opportunities and little resistance. Bolivia currently provides both and finds itself at the heart of a new criminal dynamic that threatens national and citizen security in this landlocked Andean nation.” ( McDermott, J.)
“MARIJUANA IS THE MOST VIOLENT-CAUSING DRUG IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.” Marijuana is a product of the hemp plant, which appears as a green, brown, or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers. Marijuana called by several street names such as pot, herb, weed, grass, boom, Mary Jane, gangster, chronic, among others by different people. Marijuana is the third most popular recreational drug in America being behind alcohol and tobacco, and has been used by nearly 100 million Americans. According to government surveys, some 25 million Americans have smoked marijuana in the past year, and more than 14 million do so regularly despite harsh laws against its use (Anthony 2002). Marijuana has a chemical, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Fifty-two percent of all jail arrests in 2010 were linked to marijuana possession (ACLU). All states combined spent approximately 3.6 billion dollars enforcing marijuana possession laws in 2010, according to a new study by the American Civil Liberties Union, entitled “The War On Marijuana In Black and White.” (Huffington Post). Statistics show that over twenty billion dollars will be spent on marijuana law enforcement in the next few years. Additionally, states in America pay at the minimum seven hundred fifty dollars for each arrest involving marijuana. Taxpayers pay over fifteen billion dollars a year to house jail inmates arrested for marijuana
The reason why terror attacks happen is not only to influence government decisions or legislation. Over the last two years, approximately 80% of terror acts occurred only in these five countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeriya, and Syria in which the level of poverty and illiteracy is below the average standards.2 As terrorism has become a
In Los Angeles during the years of 2004 and 2005 there were 60,634 reports of welfare abuse. The government has conducted investigations on some of these reports and has found that 10,789 of the cases that they investigated were really abusing the welfare system. Surveys also show more than fifty-eight million people receive Medicaid. According to the statistics taken in 2011, there have been 10,685 cases that resulted in fraud investigations (Rhode). Today, the level of fraud investigations is a lot larger due to the difficulty to get jobs.
According to the statistic guns are held for over 33,000 deaths in the United States. CDC also reports that 11,008 homicides involve a gun. Over half of the suicides cases in America involved a some kind of a gun. Although Americans have the Right To Bear Arms there should be more restrictions on guns because guns are responsible for a lot of deaths across America. The history on the second amendment and gun control is that everyone has the right to bear arms but now it has been getting out of control with the mass shootings and how people can go online and purchase a gun illegally.
Prison Overcrowding in America In our country today, we account for roughly five percent of the world’s population, yet we hold over twenty-five percent of the globe’s inmate population. According to John Irwin, we currently imprison more people for lesser crimes than any other country in the world. In 1987 alone, our prison population rested steadily at just 500,000 incarcerated inmates in the U.S. Although in the past twenty-seven years, the American prison population has actually quadruped to almost 2.4 million (Pratt, 2009). With that being said, we as a nation hold the highest recidivism rates compared to any other country.
One major cause of added tension is the practice of racial profiling by law enforcement which increased significantly in the 80’s, when “the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) developed profiling of drug couriers to intercept and reduce interstate drug trafficking” (Sirin 4). With few policy changes since the war on drugs began, the results are, in 2000 the U.S. surpassed Russia as the leader of having the most individuals incarcerated. Michigan, a relatively small state, in regard to population, has more individuals incarcerated than the country of France, and the numbers get worse in the larger states like California. From 1980 to 2000 the “number of individuals incarcerated increased 300%, with the majority being African Americans” (Sirin 7). The last few years have seen “some
The percentage of less than 18s who have used cannabis at least once has increased from 21 percent in 1994 to 33 percent in 2010. However, after a peak of 42.7 percent in 2004 cannabis use has been falling every year since. Drug consumption is not a crime in Spain. After the devastation caused by heroin use and HIV during the 1980s, Spanish authorities decided to focus on “curing” drug addicts – considered sick people – while punishing drug traffickers. This model still applies today.
In both cases, inequality and poverty are implicit, and debt is used as a means to legitimize bondage and slavery. Reduced costs of transportation and ease in communication have made way for the rise of migratory flows over the last few decades. This has been empowered by the people’s wish to migrate to regions deemed more prosperous and politically stable. With strict border controls enforced in many countries and low amount of work opportunities in host countries, the organized crime organizations take the helm as to assist in illegal migration. The illicit activity of “Trafficking in Persons” (TIP), often deemed as “modern day slavery,” makes its profits on the exploitation of human rights regarding people as commodities.
Each year, the overall prison population surpassed the 1 million mark (Lurigio & Loose, 2008). As a result of the war on drugs, the total number of individuals incarcerated went from 581,000 in 1980 to 1,584,000 by 1997. Strict drug laws have caused incarceration rates to escalate at an alarming pace over the last 40 years. According to the Bureau of Justice Statics, in 1996 the African American incarceration rate was 1,574 per 100,000, seven times higher than the rate for Whites. Researchers have discovered that the war on drugs has led to the overcrowding of African Americans in the prison system (Lurigio & Loose, 2008).
The revenue is outstanding in comparison to the other sources of income for the country. These comparisons show how massive the industry has grown in Mexico and Latin America and how much it affect its economy. The estimated size of the drug business in Mexico is approximately $10 to $15 million (Que Seria De Mexico). This estimate is recognized in private by some agencies of the Mexican government ( Que Seria De Mexico).