Imperialism means one country extends control and power over another, not necessarily through settlement (effects of social Darwinism). Imperialism was justified by Social Darwinism because social Darwinism was the view that the strongest race would survive and the weaker would eventually die off. Imperialism justified that the weaker the country was struggling the "greater country" could force its customs on the other country. Imperialism benefits a small, favored group but never the nation as a whole. Social Darwinist believed that Imperialism was the expected expansion and an accomplishment of a well-evolved culture and the expansion would help remove or perfect an underperforming cultures.
An empire may be defined as the ruling of a defeated nation, by a conquering power , who exploits the population for the advancement of the empires mother land . This defeated population then becomes known as imperial subjects, who are depicted as distinctly different and exploitable. It may be said that empires, enrich themselves at the expense of others and are therefore driven by a system of mercantilism. Furthermore, it may be said that an empire, is a political order that rules over a significant population and is characterised by flexible borders . According to P J Marshall, the British Empire may be seen as a contradiction due to the fact that the empire restricted choices and created opportunities for the imperial subjects.
"Imperialism is a policy that aims at building and maintaining an empire, in which many states and peoples, spread over a wide geographical area, are controlled by one dominant state." The idea of Imperialism is fuelled by the desire for economic and political power over other people and nations and this movement was led by European forces such as Great Britain from the 18th - 20th century. The colonisation of Australia, Africa and the Philippines are all examples of Imperialism, and while there were some positive outcomes for colonising nations such as Great Britain, there were tremendous detrimental effects on the people and cultures of the colonised nations. Racism and the general disregard and mistreatment of the native and indigenous
At the turn of the 19th century, America presented the policy of imperialism and there was a ton of debate over the subject. Some say that imperialism would benefit America by increasing trade and help make this country more powerful. Others say that imperialism would be horrible for America because we are taking over countries without their permission and restricting their choice. The United States should adopt the policy of imperialism because it would help grow our country, increase trade, and help the economy. According to document 1, Rev.
Indians saw British imperialism only as economic exploitation, impoverishment of the masses, dwarfing of the moral structure and the dignity of the subject people. (Chand) Dada Bhai Naroji formally propounded the theory of Drain of Wealth, wherein he claimed that England was draining enormous wealth from India in form of taxes. To this the later Nationalist leaders added that this drain of wealth ‘was the fountainhead of all evil in India’ and its backwardness till date. Also some Indians swore by the relevance of the indigenous systems. Gandhi advocated boycott of English courts of law and British educational institutions as part of the Non Cooperation Movement.
For a globalizing world, people who favor the strong party government suggest that responsible parties are essential for problems such as global warming and terrorism. However, the advantage of party government cannot compensate its disadvantages. First and foremost, the nature of party government would increase the conflicts in American politics. The party government does represent the majority, meaning that there is potential for some minorities and interests groups are not properly represented. This would lead to further conflicts in politics.
Imperialism: Positives and Negatives Edward W. Said once stated that “Every empire, however, tells itself and the world that it is unlike all other empires, that its mission is not to plunder and control but to educate and liberate.” Countries often justify their means of imperialism, whether civilized or barbaric, by saying that it will also benefit the country they are conquering. In many cases, it does not. Imperialism is defined as a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially. Imperialism has a positive and negative effect on the colonizer and colony that can be seen through gaining land, rising markets and spreading diseases. Gaining land is a priority and loss when imperializing.
The only problem is the British spent so much during the war that prices needed to rise. Knowing that the subjects of the crown in Europe would not be happy about high taxes after the war the British decided to tax the Colonists in America. The British ruled these taxes as fair because the war was fought over land in America instead of Britain, therefore the Americans should pay the highest amount of the taxes. This did not go well with the Americans. Already agitated by the British Crown and rule taxation was considered theft for a war they didn’t ask for.
Rudyard Kipling, an Englishman living in India wrote a poem titled “White Man’s Burden” that reflects this belief. In the poem he refers to the natives as half devil-half child, heathens, wild and sullen. The words Kipling used indicate that the British were racist. The white man's burden also develops the idea of social darwinism, making it seem like it was Britain's responsibility to colonize India although one can conclude that it was not “Britain's responsibility”. Cecil Rhodes a British businessman and a politician in South Africa truly showed how superior the British thought they were when he said, “ I contend that we the British are the first race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human
Thomas Paine and Olaudah Equiano dispute the belief that Britain is more civilized than the countries it has colonized. Paine, as an upper class white man, is able to protest the power structure of Britain by proclaiming that the British government led by the aristocracy law of primogeniture is unethical and unnatural in his essay The Rights of Man that questions the nobility and the competence of the aristocracy who rule the empire of Britain. He argues that governments built on military conquests and aristocracy are based on despotism and cannot establish a fair and effective government for the people. Equiano, on the other hand, must disguise his voice as a freed African slave who has shown through his writing that he is equivalently or exceedingly capable of communicating and behaving as any white man in the upper and middle classes of Britain.