J.D Salinger, in the novel The Catcher in the Rye demonstrates how Holden is affected by the tragic death of his brother Allie. Allie’s death is the root of Holden’s depression and negative choices. The first literary device J.D Salinger utilizes is Holden Caulfield's character. Allie's death at a young age may have resulted in Holden not wanting to grow up himself.
Although Macbeth has done some really bad deeds, he cannot be called a bad person out and out who goes on to achieve his ambitions without any consideration. He’s also a victim of the realization that there is no meaning as such in this world. This instability snatches his power to think and he gives in to his wife’s provoking speeches without providing any counter arguments to her. If he had any of his individuality left, he certainly must have had given some thought to her speeches but the lack of it shows his confusion. As soon as he joins the opposites foul and fair, he’s encountered by the weird (which is undefined because in the world of Macbeth nothing is normal).
Holden Caulfield lives his life as an outsider to his society, because of this any we (as a reader) find normal is a phony to him. Basically, every breathing thing in The Catcher in the Rye is a phony expect a select few, like Jane Gallagher. What is a phony to Holden and why is he obsessed with them? A phony is anyone who Holden feels is that living their authentic life, like D.B. (his older brother). Or simply anyone who fits into society norms, for example, Sally Hayes.
Nobody did" (41). In the quote above Holden calls out the Navy guy for being phony because he is dating Lillian Simmons even though he didn 't like her much. Therefore, he is being someone he isn 't and lying to himself.
But not one person he meets wants to listen to him or tries to understand him unless they are out to take advantage of him. It is the society that does not see him for who he is and what he is going through. He is constantly searching for someone he can relate to. He is wise enough to see through people’s negligibility and façades. He is dissatisfied with what is expected of him and is trying to grow up in his own honest way.
Edmund’s distant relationship with his family enhances these qualities of apathy, yet through the introspections of the character Joseph Hooper, ‘I have tried to avoid my own father’s mistakes, but I have only succeeded in replacing them with my own.’ we gather that he has the consciousness of the responsibility of being a father, however, reluctance from Edmund, hesitation to educate and timidity to reach out prevents the growth of this kinship. In spite of this, the characters of Joseph Hooper become the obstacle that lets him struggle in this relationship---his cowardice, skeptic qualities hinder his behavior to communicate with his son, in order to alleviate his guilt of not interacting actively, he allowed himself to indulge in the stereotypical misconception of all children--- Edmund is unable to perform any act of cruelty, therefore, it is unnecessary to understand the minds of such an innocent being. Though this being said, Joseph Hooper continuously inculcate the value of the red room and his distorted view of dynasty to the mind of Edmund, he regards Warings as fortune and status rather than childhood memories and warmth, ‘The collection is worth a great deal of money.’
In his willingness to act he has become a continuation of Addie. As a man, he is able to act when she was unable to. She longed to act, but the shackles of marriage, motherhood, and womanhood prevented her from realizing her dream. She only gets to act after death. Her action sets her family off on the path towards Jefferson: “I asked Anse to promise to take me back to Jefferson when I died” (173).
However, he fails to remember the connection between love and war in the plot. He depends upon his love for Martha as a huge escape from the reality of war. Unable to handle the combination of being in love as well as being in the war at the same time, his love for Martha arrays itself in his mind as fiction. More so his duties as a soldier are affected by this incidence. Loving makes him resist his leadership
Soseki generally uses references to the theme of the expectation of sharing time and space to highlight how a number individuals in differing situation dealt with dilemmas, which represented the darkness in their lives. These two men are the closest thing to having a mentor and mentee bond also as an older brother but this is slightly strained by Sensei’s reserve. Sensei was not very fond of sharing any past experiences that have impacted him in his past, since they truly struck him negatively. Thus, it is not only pertaining to his reserve that hinders their friendship, it is the fact that the men feel there are two sides to a person rather than bonding together to work towards a common goal. In order to see this contrast between the expectation of sharing time and space, Soseki again uses the light and darkness motif when the narrator, says, “I have come to doubt everybody… I did not want to doubt you.”
Before he leaves though, he "yell[s] at the top of [his] goddam voice, 'Sleep tight, ya morons ' " (68)! Although it is a shame, any reader can see that Holden seems to have nothing going right or in a positive way all because of his negative attitude. Therefore, this attitude leads him to almost care about nothing. Though Holden may seem to be a lost cause because of his negative attitude, he thankfully has an epiphany that changes his view towards the world because he realizes that people have to grow up. When Holden visits his younger sister, Phoebe, he is happy to see her, but when they begin talking their conversation turns negative.
Henry 's character changes dramatically from the relationships he forms with his father, son, and Keiko. To start off with, Henry does not communicate much with his mother or father because of the language barrier. His father is very caught up in is own life, and does not pay much attention to Henry. " He and his father had settled into a pattern of noncommunication months ago (166). This makes Henry independent and reserved.
Even though he is skeptical of people he considers phony, such as Marty who lies about seeing a movie star, his negativity and judgement of others usually goes a lot farther than what is considered normal. For example, he doesn’t get serious in relationships with others, because he always seems to find flaws in everyone. Another example is when Holden’s history teacher at Pencey, Mr. Spencer, wants to understand why he refuses to put in any effort. Spencer feels bad about failing Holden and reaches out to him, trying to connect with him and possibly influence him positively. However, Holden gets upset and starts talking poorly of him once he hears this, and later excuses himself with a lie he made up to leave, showing both his self-defence mechanism and his skepticism towards people he liked.
He might not understand the things he has done, but he does not know George will get mad at him. He really will not ever change how he is, which will cause his future thoughts to end without him even
Miss Kinnian shows a glimpse of reality, that not all people are nice. She tells Charlie how people can be very mean, but how he is much better than any of them. Charlie does not get this at all right now, but later on he will realize what this meant. Charlie still has some misunderstanding when he states that all his friends liked him and they never did anything that wasn’t nice. Miss Kinnian had to go away because she knew that people did not treat him fairly, and he didn’t understand that all.