This means that politics places itself above war and modify it to suit its needs, with Clausewitz arguments, it is difficult to think of war as something apart from politics. The Clausewitz's theory underwent a lot of criticism by the end of the Cold War due to the transformational changes that took place in the international system which altered the nature of war (Shaw
Realism is the dominant theory of international relations because it provides the most powerful explanation for the state of war that is the regular condition of life in the international system. One of the major view of Realism is that the international system is anarchic. Akoko (2013) argues that relations between states in the international system are characterized by competition for power rather than cooperation. States continually seek to further
This paper will analyze the role that NATO played in ending the Cold War according to the different international relation perspectives and the effect that the Cold War had on the different theoretical perspectives. Realism, one of the oldest and most fundamental perspectives of international relations focuses on a states material power in regards to the rest of the international system. According to realists, one of the main ways that a state is able to retain and protect its material power is through balancing. Steven Walt, a realist scholar claims that the balance of threat insinuates that states form alliances in order to protect themselves from other states that not only have greater power but also have a higher level of perceived threat due to various factors (Walt, 1985). Realists view NATO as a military alliance that was established out of the need for the
This caused tension, leading to armies and navies expanding in each nation (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). Because of this each country was on edge, which would eventually cause the slightest movement to start World War I. As each country continued to expand their navies and armies, an arms race began (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). Britain quickly began building their navy to protect their oversea empire, and Germany also began building a navy, as they needed to protect their new colonies. Britain quickly became afraid of Germany’s motives, so they built an even stronger navy.
201314530 International Law T-Th 3:30-5:00pm AB Political Science Maam Pauline Brillantes Essay on International Laws and Policies Key Questions: - What leads to corporation in a world where state behavior is akin to individual vested interests? - International Law has been an essential aspect of International Relations. However important it may be, its relevance is continuously challenged by the state system and the current world order in place today, explain how global trends challenge the imposition of International Law, and how International Law addresses certain global political, economic, and social issues. For us to better understand the question, we must first analyze
Moreover, through alliances and coalitions, states are able to benefit each other in both defense and offense by supplementing each others military[ ibid ]. Second, an international political system allows a variety of international interaction between states including economic and military ones. Third, it is expected that an international political system limits competing forces in the international arena through international institutions[ Stolberg (2008), op.cit.]. It should be able to fix certain forces of global actors especially in relation to global war or terror. Fourth and last, it is argued that an international political system being a system itself necessitate an order and should be able to provide harmonious relationship between states.
The world is becoming more and more globally interconnected and that the globe itself is developing its transnational character. The danger in this theory lies in the risk of transforming a successful political myth into a self-fulfilling prophecy that may impact how foreign policy makers make decisions. The essay will tackle the position of Islamic civilization in Huntington’s thesis and how the Muslim rage is perceived as the imminent danger to the West and its values. Then it will assess whether this analysis is accurate through providing a brief background on the Islamic and Arabic nation states during and post -Cold War era; the main reasons behind the rise of the radical Islam, the terrorist attacks and its aftermath, and how the West has contributed to the nourishing of radicalism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. • Although Huntington's thesis presumably deals with the conflicts that world civilizations have faced and will face in the future, there is a wide belief that his thesis specifically targets Islam as major threat to the West.
Scholars have often remarked upon the anarchic nature of international relations as a key reason for war and conflict between nation-states. Hence, many have seen the United Nations (UN) as the international Leviathan, the central authority to bring order to the anarchy of international relations. According to Hobbes, in a traditional state of nature, all men must submit themselves to the authority of a central sovereign for order to come about. The effectiveness of this central authority would then be defined by the deference shown to it by its subjects, as well as its ability to regulate, police and to extract resources from its subjects. With these in mind, I am of the opinion that the UN has been largely incompetent as a central authority
World Trade Organization are generally asked for the help to developing countries by serving required information as well as recommendations for member countries to fulfill their obligations. They often co-work with other international organization such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to ensure the greater consistent global economic policy. They also have the roles in the field of politics. Some international organizations have a key role to maintain peace and international ties to ensure security. Their roles could be to encourage peace and security by focusing on peacekeeping in disputed areas, promoting dispute resolution via peaceful means or diplomatic ways e.g.