Also explain to Jason I will incorporate a cognitive approach since it dealing with thoughts, beliefs and attitudes. As a counselor, I will help Jason understand any negative thoughts or attitudes he has towards himself and how it is affecting him and more importantly, how to change them. I explained to
The client’s use of caffeine was being abused for effects that are not regulated for normal caffeine intake; he wanted a “high” from excessive use. From my understanding, the client was not educated about excessive caffeine intake and needed help in identifying alternative forms of receiving the same “high” without using caffeine. The purpose of the addiction counselor was to help the client create new thoughts on behaviors that emphasize the negative consequences of substance use and help the client create new behaviors to receive the positive effects of caffeine without using it. I did agree with the counselor’s techniques, but I felt the process of creating new behaviors should have been tested by scenario examples. The scenario examples would make me feel comfortable and confident in the client during any instance of pressure to use; hopefully, the client would feel confident in himself from my judgment.
The most effective type of treatment for PTSD is cognitive behavioral therapy. In cognitive therapy you talk to a therapist about the trauma and they help you to understand how to change your thoughts on the event and its aftermath. Exposure therapy’s goal is to teach you to have less fear about your memories. People learn to fear thoughts, feelings and situations that are a reminder of the event that happened. With exposure therapy you focus on memories that are less traumatic first then you will talk about the traumatic event, and this is called desensitization, which you will learn to talk about you memories a little bit at a time.
The patient identifies the most specific image related to the memory and whatever negative feelings of self-worth which are tied to this event. This is processed along with the sensations and feelings of the patient tied to this event. These feelings may include fear, nausea, headaches, crying, trauma, and inadequacy. The patient is given a positive image and belief to substitute for the problematic feeling or event. The intensity of the negative emotions should diminish during this treatment and a positive emotion will root the patient.
Stress management is a good foundation for daily living, but more tools must be added through relapse education in the remaining stages of recovery if the client is to have the best chance of avoiding relapse. The ability to identify and manage warning signs is vital for self-regulation (Gorski, 1986). Warning signs are indicators that relapse syndrome is taking place. A simple example of using signs to self-regulate is the HALT warning heard in many support groups about the danger of becoming too Hungry, Angry, Lonely, or Tired in recovery. This is a good rule of thumb, but every client has a unique set of problems and symptoms that indicate relapse syndrome is occurring.
QP engaged Quadir in participating in a CBT activity geared to words resolving conflict. QP explained to Quadir that the activity will enhance his awareness on how to handle conflict, without let it escalate to violence situation. QP asked Quadir to discuss his recent situation that led him to be hospitalized. QP asked Quadir to explain what he has learned from his recent behavioral outburst. QP asked Quadir to explain an alternative way in which he could have handle the situation.
The last therapy listed is emotional processing. This therapy aims at, “helping patients identify negative belief patterns they have developed and reinforced” (Utah Drug & Alcohol Rehab Centers). It helps to identify which perceptions the patient has developed that may not be valid and may contribute to addictive behaviors. Emotional processing is set to help patients work through their emotions in a safe place where they will not feel judged. The hope is that the patient will realize the underlying emotional issue of their
Step five of recovery is helping to deal with the flashbacks or nightmares. In the case of a flashback, it is important to try to use the senses to bring them back to the present ("Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)"). It is important to provide reassurance that the event is not occurring again in the present. The final step to recovery is seeking professional treatment. Professional treatment for PTSD includes cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (Smith).
The main components of CBT include “exposure, cognitive restructuring, behavioral experiments, and attentional training” (Menzies, O’Brian, Onslow, & Packman, 2009, p. 189). Exposure is a longstanding hallmark for many behavioral therapy programs which aim is to target anxiety. During exposure, the individual is exposed to a situation that would typically cause an overwhelming amount of anxiety; the individual is then taught to remain in the uncomfortable, other than reverting to typical strategies of avoidance situation until anxiety begins to decrease. In CBT programs used specifically for stuttering treatment, exposure is used to practice fluency in anxiety-ridden situations in a
It is believed that in some cases that the symptoms of Tourette’s increase with stress and anxiety. Another form of treatment to help lessen the symptoms of Tourette’s is behavioral therapy. This is used to essentially calm the tics. In these sessions, patients do a number of activities which help them increase awareness and identify situations that aggravate their tics. The next time you are interrupted with the annoying hiccup, be thankful that this tic will eventually pass and you’ll be feeling back to normal soon.
Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) was initially conceived as an intervention for relapse prevention in people with recurrent depression. MBCT is a skills-based group developed to find cost-effective psychological approach to specifically limit the relapse/recurrence of depression. It combines elements of cognitive theory and the practice of mindfulness mediation in a program that emphasizes the internal process of depression-related setbacks. At the time of Segal, Williams and Teasdale research cognitive theory adopted the belief that negative thoughts and attitudes that were developed early on in a persons’development led to a persistent and harmful negative point of view and their perception of the world increased their vulnerability
Previous problems might still be in effect. Likewise, any negative experience associated with the mental health specialist or the negative outcome of the treatment is most likely to influence the client’s attitude and cooperation toward both treatment and the therapist. Moreover, previous diagnosis and medication are essential data for the counseling process. Sometimes clients cannot name their previous diagnosis, and give details about past and current problems. Nevertheless, therapists can gain insight into the client’s mental health history by considering his/her medications and mental health report.