In “Commanding the Room in Short Skirts: Cheering as the Embodiment of Ideal Girlhood”, Adams and Bettis argue that a feminist poststructuralist reading of cheerleading states cheerleading as a discursive practice that has changed significantly in the past 150 years to accommodate the shifting and often contradictory meanings of normative femininity. Overall they argue that cheerleading is surrounded by gender. A gendered activity reconstructing feminism and what people typically think about women in sports. With cheerleading transitioning into a female dominant activity, it comes with some negative stereotypes. Cheerleading is also described as an erotic icon.
A Whole New Ball Game by Sue Macy tells tells the story of how the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League began. It is an account of life on the homefront during the time of World War II, and of women changing in the society evolving during this time in history. Not only that, it is also about the story baseball. For the women of all the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League were just as in adoration with the amusement as the men who made it to the majors. They left their families, their companions, and frequently their employments for the opportunity to play big time ball.
Compare and contrast In this essay i’m going to talk about the struggles that Jackie Robinson and Daisy Junior and what struggles they had in common. This was an important time in history. This how they treated these amazing people. What do you think the struggles are?
Appalachia is made up of parts of twelve states and all of West Virginia. Appalachia is a 205,000 square mile area according to the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC). There are many stereotypes about Appalachia. Some stereotypes are more popular and thus more persistent than others stereotypes about the region and its people. Unfortunately, the most persistent stereotypes are ugly and often used to make others feel better at others expense.
When the 1920’s were coming around the bend, many things started booming. Such as organized crime, fashion, and automobiles. Sports was one of these to blow during the 20’s. During the 1920s there were many forms of sports rising up, with baseball being one of the older sports it has always been a long time favorite for Americans despite the dangers of the sport and the 1919 World Series scandal.
High School Sports Aren’t Detracting from Academics Amanda Ripley argues in her article, “The Case Against High-School Sports” that athletic programs and schooling should be independent of each other. She argues that school sponsored sports result in lower test scores, draw focus away from academics, and aren’t economically feasible. This infatuation with sports in American schools is harming our economy and our education system in Ripley’s opinion. Ripley offers an in depth explanation and research to back her claims, but she fails to address other factors and variables that are resulting in our nation’s academic mediocrity. Amanda Ripley compares the athletic attitude of America to other countries.
It has been seen that when women are given the opportunity to play sports they will take it, but Title IX hasn’t only given women the opportunity to play but also the opportunity to challenge stereotypes that men are superior to women in sports. According to National Center for Education Statistics there was a 1000% rise in women who play high school sports from 1971-72 to 2010-11. And boys participation in high school sports has gone up by 134%, this just goes to show that as soon as women were given the chance to play they took it. This growth is translating into college sports for women. Before 1972 scholarships for women were unheard of, but according to a new report by the National Coalition for Women & Girls in Education “In the past 40 years, high school girls' participation in athletics has grown tenfold, and college scholarships for female athletes have gone from virtually nil to 48 percent at Division I schools” (Khadaroo), this is great improvement for women.
In fact, “By 2001, nearly 2.8 million girls participated in athletics, representing 41.5 percent of varsity athletes in American high schools—more than an 847 percent increase from 1971” (Women’s Sports Foundation). An 847 percent increase is difficult to even comprehend. This means that the final amount has increased by a little more than nine times the original amount. To see that much of a difference from 295,000 women participants prior to Title IX is amazing progress toward the end goal of creating equality between the two sexes.
Women are anatomically different from men making the size difference relatively unfair in contact sports; however, in non-contact sports separation of genders can sometimes be seen as unnecessary and sexist. Sarah Hudek, eighteen, became the first woman to be awarded a collegiate baseball scholarship, she
In John Fox’s book, The Ball: Discovering the Object of the Game, his son Aiden brings up the question, “Why do we play ball?” This question inspired Fox significantly because instead of shrugging off the question or turning it into what he calls a “cozy aphorism” like most fathers would, he wanted to go deep into the question to provide his son a thorough and thoughtful explanation. He explores the origins of sports and games such as basketball, football, baseball, lacrosse, soccer, tennis, etc. how they have evolved across centuries to today, and why we love the games we play through the invention of the ball. Fox reveals that in all of its various forms of the ball, it plays such a vital role in different cultures all around the world.
Writes “Often cited are cuts of men’s sports programs to make room for more women’s teams under the mandate of Title IX.” Barbara Sheehan points out that because of Title IX, guys are having to sit in the “sidelines” because their team is getting cut. A simple solution for this in directly in the law. “ The federal courts of appeals uniformly have rejected legal challenges to Title IX—holding that Title IX in no way requires schools to cut men’s teams, but that schools may choose to structure their athletics programs however they wish as long as they treat men and women equally.” (Sports)
Amateurism in college athletics is an exploitation of the athletes who participate in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports. The amount of work that is done by these athletes to help their respective institutions generate millions of dollars in revenue, goes seemingly unnoticed when identifying the substantial amount of money flow in NCAA sports and the amount of people, from stakeholders to alumni, that benefit from this source. Amateurism, the foundation of NCAA sports, has been in place for over a century of time dating back to the early 1900s. Any athlete who is making money for work they’ve done outside of their institution is not being exploited, however, an athlete can easily be placed on the other end of the spectrum when he or she is withheld from recognizing the true monetary value of their talents and likeness that are being used for the profit of the school or others. The NCAA is understandably satisfied with the continuous growth of its’ revenue each year, yet the problem they face of having people accept that “student-athletes” are just amateurs is growing as well.
AINSLEY STOLLAR ENGL 390 ESSAY #1 1250-1750 words The Physical House Versus the Symbolic Enclosure Analyzing Structure in the Film Sense and Sensibility The film Sense and Sensibility (dir. Ang Lee) gives the audience a visual representation of one of the most well-known Jane Austen novels by producing delicate scenes hidden with mountains of symbolism and major themes straight from the pages of the book. While character representation is crucial for any film adaptation, I chose to focus camera tricks, colors in the film, and dialogue relate to a larger theme of a women’s constraints in the physical house and the symbolic enclosure. Early nineteenth century culture was ripe with both physical and psychological stereotypes thrust upon the female gender, creating a very rigid
“Female discrimination in sports is a common occurrence all around the world, women are seen as less than males.” (Ladrea) Equality in sports is unequal. In the 1800 women got very little attention and did not get the opportunity to play in any sport in America and all around the world. Men could go and try out for different sports teams and workout but for women they were only allowed to stay home to cook and clean. There were some events women could participate in but it could not be competitive, it was focused on getting active and staying active.