Within a few decades of each other both Martin Luther King and Chief Dan George speak to the public of racial injustice towards their own ethnicity. These two distinct activists both display hope in achieving racial and ethnic equality throughout their speeches. Martin Luther Kings’ speech can be seen as forward and direct in portraying his message, utilizing the rhetorical device of logos such as disturbing facts to persuade his audience. An example of this can be seen when he restates the promises of the Constitution and Declaration of Independence, “A promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, …show more content…
This can be seen when he asks the audience, “Do you know what it is like to be in a surrounding that is strange, and all around you, you see strange things? It depresses man”. This creates a feeling of pity towards the sufferings the First Nations people must endure because of the rights they do not receive. In Martin Luther King’s speech he uses anaphora to create emphasis and dramatic effect such as “I have a dream” or “One hundred years later”. Similarly Chief Dan George uses this stylistic device to emphasize the fact that the First Nations people have already given more than enough for their rights “We paid, we paid and we paid”. This technique is used in both speeches to promote their distinct messages to the audience so they may realize the reality that the two ethnic groups face. Alliteration is another style that is evident in Martin Luther Kings’ speech when he says, “The marvellous new militancy” and “That some of you have come out of great trials of tribulations”. These few lines create emphasis on his ideas, whereas this is not present in the speech of Chief Dan George. The comparative stylistic devices such as metaphors and similes help create relatable scenarios for the audience so that they can further understand the pain or trouble that is …show more content…
Similarly these devices can be seen in the speech of Chief Dan George when he compares the 20th century’s progress with food, “We did not have time to take this 20th century and eat it little by little and digest it. It was forced feeding from the start, and our stomachs turned sick”. This comparison helps the audience relate with the First Nations people and their struggle to adjust to the advancing modern world. A different technique the two speakers use to solidify their message was the use of anecdotes. Martin Luther King uses examples of when Negroes have basic rights taken away from them, “We can never be satisfied, as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities”. Likewise, Chief Dan George uses instances in which there is a lack of integration between the First Nations people and the white people, “The bell rings; it is recess time. The doors open, and the students pour out of the doors. Soon over there is a group of white students, and over there by the fence is a group of native students”. Using both of these examples and many others the speakers can impact the audience directly with daily occurrences in
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Dr. Kings “I Have a Dream” speech shows powerful examples of logos and pathos. His effectiveness relies heavily on his usage of these two ways to explain the pain and suffering of segregation. By him capturing his true life’s reality through pity and credible sources allows him to become successful in attempting to end the racism crisis. King states that, “when our republic was writing the Declaration of Independence, they were making a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the ‘unalienable rights’ of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Logos is the prime example of King using this event of writing the Declaration of Independence.
Rhetorical and literary devices has been utilized to persuade an audience throughout history. In Dr. King’s “I Have a Dream” speech and Frederick Douglass’ “Address to the Massachusetts Anti-slavery society” speech, they articulate the injustices the black man has experienced over the years by exercising allusion and anaphora. King and Douglass, both civil rights activist, desire action from society; they seek true equality for their black brethren. King and Douglass use allusion to create a recollection in the minds of their audience in order to reinforce their intents. King states, “five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation” referring to Abraham Lincoln.
“What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world and lose his soul?”Lyndon B Johnson wrote American Promise to America and Congress to persuade them to pass voting rights. Lyndon B Johnson uses metaphors, parallel structure and anaphora to persuade his audience that all people should be equal. LBJ uses anaphora to show his point in equality and give prominence to the idea of all men are created equal. “There is no”(paragraph 12). This uses pathos to show that this is an American problem,not a negro, southern or northern problem.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. uses periodic sentences, syntaxes, diction, and allusions to address his beliefs on the many struggles African Americans faced, his thoughts on just and unjust laws, influences that had an impact on African Americans, and the callous nature of the citizens, a prevalent part of society
Malcolm X utilizes repetition and metaphors to appeal to the emotions of his young audience in order to rouse them to anger. At the same time, these devices help portray the evil nature of whites. In the same way, King employs repetition and metaphors in order to convince African Americans to unite in order to further strengthen the resolve of the peaceful Civil Rights Movement. Although different in their approaches, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X both use repetition and metaphors to promote their common goal: freedom for African Americans.
In paragraph 15, Dr. King's rhetoric helped to advance his purpose in writing the letter. Dr. King uses logos in paragraph 15 to show his reasoning on the matter of justice, in order to move people to act on this important matter. This paragraph helps the reader to see the importance of "acting quickly" in regards to justice because in that time, justice was hard to achieve. As Dr. king states "for more than 340 years for our constitutional and God given rights". Several people have expressed a sense of inessential thinking towards the matter. For people who have "never felt the stinging darts of segregation" it is easy for them "to say, "Wait", and this is why Dr. King has to stress his point to another level in order for them to understand.
In his 1963 speech “I Have a Dream”, King atop the Lincoln memorial orates his vision of what America should be. King does this in a way, that mimics a lawyer giving an opening statement, by laying out a clear beginning, middle, and end. King understands that by doing this he is appealing to his audience on a rhetorical level, allowing him to reach is audience in a pathetic way. King structures his essay in two ways, first he has a clear beginning, middle, and end, and secondly through his speech he includes several rhetorical devices that allow him to strengthen his argument. To start his speech King alludes to Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg address, symbolically placing himself on the same level as Lincoln.
The Civil Rights Movement was a big thing for the United states and we as Americans will always remember Martin Luther King Jr. for helping lead the people and inspire change and bring hope. The speech “ I Have a Dream” by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was an important gathering of people at the Lincoln Memorial. A huge crowd gathered to listen to his powerful speech which helped to inspire change. Martin Luther King also wrote a letter to eight white clergymen named “Letter From Birmingham Jail” the letter was written in in his jail cell which he was in for marching and protests. In both of these texts Dr. King used pathos and logos to inspire change and reach out to the people during the civil rights movements.
Hidden yet Effective Rhetoric In his peaceful war against segregation laws, Martin Luther King Jr. uses several rhetorical techniques to support his argument. Metaphors and repetition are two of the numerous techniques used to emotionally affect his audience, the racist government and church members accusing King’s demonstrations being “unwise and untimely”. Parallel structure is used to illustrate an antithesis in the first paragraph “freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.” which answers the opposition’s argument that what is being done is unwise and untimely. Because the parallel structure addresses both of the groups in Kings argument, the government(the oppressor) and African Americans(the
Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech had a great deal of logos and pathos appeals to persuade his audience to speak out against segregation and to give all men the rights they deserve. He often gave a clear line of reasoning supported by evidence in his speech, like when he says: “This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”... America has defaulted on this promissory note, ... given the Negro people a bad check… which has come back marked “insufficient funds.” (King para. 4)
By using these rhetorical devices, King successfully inspired emotion in his audience and gave them hope for a possible bright future. We can see that Martine Luther King use several rhetorical devices within the speech to grab attention of the people who were engaged with the unjust oppression. First of all, in the beginning of his speech, he made a connection alluded to Lincoln’s speech ‘‘Five score years ago…’’ (Line 2.1, page1) this line referred to the Gettysburg Address, presenting by the United States president. King used it to enhance credibility primarily because of Lincoln’s high position related with civil rights.
On August 28th, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr gave us one of one of the most rhetorically moving speeches ever given. Titled as the “I Have a Dream Speech,” he read this speech to the “March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom”. As a civil right mover he gave this great speech to all Americans (black and white) so that he could give off the idea of equality on the same level. Because of his crowd of mix races King made sure to make his speech imploring to all no matter what the race that they may be. He uses metaphorical imagery, powerful diction,and symbolism to create an impact on the audience.
Martin Luther King 's uses various literary devices such as metaphors, personification, similes, and imagery in his speech so that his audience would be able to better understand and visual what he is saying. An example of a metaphor in King 's speech is when he compares the deprivation of African American rights with "a bad check that has come back from the bank of injustice marked with insufficient funds". He states that we must cash a check that will give us the riches of freedom and security of justice. This metaphor is referring to the freedom and rights that African American 's deserve and are promised but are not given. An example of personification in his speech is "Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.
During the era of the civil rights movements in the 60s, among the segregation, racism, and injustice against the blacks, Martin Luther King Jr. stood at the Lincoln Memorial to deliver one of the greatest public speeches for freedom in that decade. In Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have a Dream” speech he effectively uses ethos, diction and powerful metaphors to express the brutality endured by African American people. Yet his most important method of reaching his audience, and conveying his enduring message of equality and freedom for the whole nation was his appeal to pathos. With these devices, King was able to move thousands of hearts and inspire the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Opening his speech Martin Luther King Jr. sets up his credibility with his use of ethos, referring to the Declaration of Independence saying, “This note was a promise that all men… would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life.”
Both these speeches had executed the art of persuasion extremely well. Even though both speeches had used many rhetoric devices they have many things in and uncommon. Further more, one of the many similarities is that both the speeches have a vast amount of metaphors. Dr. King uses metaphors to emphasize his point about the equality of blacks and whites. Similarly, Nelson Mandela uses metaphors to support his ideas.