The 1960’s was truly an age of reform and revolution that set the stage for Susan Sontag 's, “Notes on ‘Camp,’” published in 1964. The decade saw the emergence of large scale political campaigns aiming to increase opportunities for all people, such as the Civil Rights movement. Some reformers demanded social change and denounced capitalism in order to create a counterculture encouraging self-exploration and fulfillment, often involving sex positivity, drug use and communal living. To counter some of these liberal movements the modern conservative movement was born with the ideals later reflected in the Reagan era. Additionally, 1960’s America saw a the development of several new forms of art such as Op art (or Optical art), Pop art, Performance art and Feminist art.
Barney Warf describes how marijuana use originated thousands of years ago in Asia and since then, found its way too many other regions in the world. Warf says it was used for medicine and spiritual purposes. He said that the Vikings and medieval Germans used it for relieving pain during child birth and believe it or not, toothaches. He states that it being illegal is a “historical anomaly”. Marijuana has been legal in all kinds of regions for basically its whole history.
President RIchard Nixon famously declared a “war on drugs” on June 17, 1971 to the Congress of the United States. In his speech, he asked Congress for an amendment that would provide his 1972 budget with an additional 155 million dollars to control drug abuse. This would provide president Nixon with a budget of 371 million dollars for programs to control drug abuse in the United States. To put it in more context, during this time, drugs had become a symbol of youthful rebellion, social disruption, and political disapproval. Nixon saw this as a issue because of the increase in narcotic deaths in New York City during the span of the 1960 and 1970.
However, the first thing that comes to one’s mind when they hear 1984 is George Orwell’s novel of the same name, released in 1949, a dystopian novel. The story of Frenesi Gates is set in the 1960s, which were notable for the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and the Vietnam War that also caused a number of protests and the emergence of a counterculture movement that was led by the hippies. The movement was notably because many adherents would use psychedelic drugs. This affected popular culture of the time, mostly seen in music, but also in film and other forms of art. The story of Frenesi Gates’ parents is set during the “Red Scare” that began after World War II, which was a time of fear of communism spreading.
Throughout the first paragraph of King’s speech, he used emotional diction with words such as struggle, poverty, and poor to prove that the war in Vietnam was bringing down the American’s and their families fighting overseas. King proved this partly with the quote, “America would never invest the necessary funds… in the rehabilitation of its poor so long as adventures like Vietnam continued…” (King, Beyond, 9). King was establishing his point that America was more troubled about healing and adjusting other countries, but would never invest the same in their own country. He was in the process of proving that it wasn 't a money issue in America, but an equality issue. Along with, “...and the almost facile connection between the war in Vietnam
Many civilians during the 1960s were against the United States entering the war in Vietnam, and males were worried that they would be picked in the draft. This song encapsulates the feelings of angst and worry that resonated with Americans because they could directly relate to the lyrics. Buffalo Springfield’s “For What It’s Worth” is often times mistaken for an anti-war song, but is actually about the riots that occurred on the Sunset Strip in California in the 1960s. Known as one of the most prominent protest songs of the time, it speaks about the injustices people felt during the 1960s. Los Angeles officials implemented a curfew that people were strongly against, and therefore protests ensued.
Early Strategies Very early advertising strategies used physicians, children, testimonials, sports heroes, celebrities, and even beloved children’s characters to sell cigarettes to the American people. The very first tobacco manufacturer that used the image of a wholesome, all-American, wise, doctor was the American Tobacco company in the 1930s for their top brand, Lucky Strike (Gardner & Brandt, 2006). The doctor advised consumers that Lucky Strike was “less irritating” because the tobacco is “toasted” (Gardner & Brandt, 2006). The physician was an icon in American culture that was trusted to tell the truth and had the
With that said, “Slaughterhouse-Five” and “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead” correspond in some ways and it is the readers’ tasks to uncover the meaning of each work as the story unfolds. Background information on “Slaughterhouse – Five” The 1960s is a turbulent period in American history. In that decade, the United States was socially and politically unstable. The country underwent the civil rights movement for American blacks as well as the women’s rights movement. It also was involved in the costly and unfavorable Vietnam War.
HOW DID US FOREIGN POLICY INFLUENCE THE POPULAR MUSIC OF THE 1960S? The 1960s in the United States of America was mobilised by an intense musical rebellion created and spread by artists and citizens across the country. The music became a powerful means of protesting the controversial political decisions and actions of the leaders of the time. Amongst other social issues, the protest movements of the 1960s were primarily protests against the Vietnam War which lasted from 1945 to 1975 and impacted on the five American presidencies of Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon and Ford. These varied and multi-cultural groups had one element in common.
There are several factors that contribute to these levels of violence, such as the war on drugs, mass incarceration, and militarization of the police. The root of the problem that connects all these issues together, is the role of discrimination. We ought to take a look at how discrimination has led to the criminalization of minority groups. While United States have accomplished so much since 1776, issues such as discrimination feels as if we are taking one step forward, and two steps back. When looking at the history and the modern war on drugs, it demonstrates a clear example of this kind of regression.