How Does Population Affect Economic Growth

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Where g is increasing firstly if birth rate increases with consumption per capita, people will have more children by choice, they are better able to provide for children and better nutrition increases fertility. Secondly, death rate decreases with consumption per capita. Decreases infant mortality and population more healthy, increasing the average lifespan. The above figure show population growth is higher the higher is per-capita consumption. Malthusian indicates that when population increases, land will reduce due to the limited land. The debate of between positive and negative effects of population on economic growth is being ongoing of issues either population is beneficial or deteriorates to economic growth in developing countries. But there are researcher that agreed with Malthus. As referred to Golley and Wei (2015). There are negative impact on GDP growth when population…show more content…
The year used for this study is 30 years which from 1985-2015. With highest number of population, China become second largest economy and have important role in the global economy because of openness economy. Even GDP of China is increasing and successful to reduce poverty rate, yet there are still about 98.9 million citizens that lived below poverty rate. China’s 12th Five-Year Plan more target on quality of life rather than growth rate. Independent variables Population growth is the rising people in a country. In Malthusian growth model, the increases of population will reduce income per capita. China with 1.4 billion people enjoys the factor endowment namely large labor force but standard of living is low because the increasing of expenditures to improve infrastructure, education, health care and so on. Higher population will result on slower economic growth. So, population growth expected to have negative impact on economic
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