How Does Temperature Affect Yeast Fermentation

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What is the effect of temperatures 10°C , 20°C, 40°C, 60°C and 70°C ± 1/°C on yeast fermentation when baking bread? ii. Aim: The focal aim of this experiment is to investigate the effect that temperature has on the growth and respiration of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) fermentation. iii. Background Information: Yeast fermentation is directly affected by the change in temperature, because the rate of chemical reactions is affected by temperature. If the yeast has been exposed to its optimum temperature (66.667 degrees Celsius) then it will give off the highest carbon dioxide production. As the temperature gets higher, the yeast will produce more carbon dioxide, until at some point carbon dioxide production will decrease, that is when the yeast cells have become denatured due to the increase in temperature. Chemical reactions …show more content…

Enzymes are proteins that catalyze chemical reaction, and they work best at their optimal conditions (optimum pH, temperature etc.) but when the environment is not close to the optimum conditions, the enzymes denature and do not function anymore1. An excellent example would of the effect of temperature on yeast fermentation would be that the bacterial cells if exposed to very high temperature (above the optimal) would no longer function since their enzymes are denatured. The yeast would produce the most Carbon dioxide in the optimal temperature (45 °C ±1/°C) and other temperatures below the optimal temperature would not produce sufficient Carbon dioxide and any temperature above will produce too much that it will lead to the sinking of the bread and death of yeast because its enzymes have been denatured, therefore the reaction will stop. The bread will certainly sink if is not exposed to the right temperature the yeast will not ferment

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