The 1960’s and 70’s were a time of political turmoil and unrest in Canadian history. The October of 1970 in particular, is a period remembered for its violence and hate. The kidnapping of two Canadian politicians by the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ), a terrorist group, changed Canadian society forever. The FLQ and the October Crisis ignited separatist feelings in French Canadians, changed the way the government handled national emergencies and altered Canadians’ opinions on key issues. The October Crisis is a truly significant moment in Canadian history for many reasons.
There are countless leaders that changed Canada’s history in both good and bad ways. Some leaders and prime ministers are forgotten as history proceeds. Many tried shaping Canada’s history and changing its reputation. Canada had great leaders that made tremendous benefits to improve their country. However, a very kind man named Richard Bennett became a prime minister in the worse of Canada’s economics situation.
Canada has a very rich history, despite being a younger country than most. This history constitutes many different methods, good or bad, that Canadians have tried in order to develop a significant national identity. For instance, Canada played an important role in both of the World Wars in attempts to establish a distinct national identity on the global stage. After World War Two, Canada joined the United Nations and began performing peacekeeping missions to provide aid to countries, thus creating a new facet to the Canadian national identity. However, Canada has also used unjust methods, such as establishing residential schools as a way to assimilate the First Nations into the government’s idea of what Canadian national identity should be.
The Past is to be respected and acknowledged, but not to be worshiped. It is our future in which we will find our greatness. -Pierre Trudeau, Prime minister of Canada 1968-1979///1980-1984 The future of our country was at the forefront of Pierre Trudeau 's mind when in office, and though our country grew out of simple history, the land was still riddled in many faults. To combat that, Trudeau created the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which has continued to flourish and protect the welfare of Canadian citizens since its signing, though in some cases, has not been of the expected benefit.
For a long time the debates had been going about how was the better prime minister of Canada. On the the top of most lists of best prime ministers are Mackenzie King and Sir John A. Macdonald. For example, according to the Expert Survey that was made in 2013 “Laurier came first, Macdonald second, and King third, but the difference in their overall scores was negligible”. Both prime ministers had a strong vision of the country that helped shaped Canada to become the country it is today(in 2015). Thesis: Sir John A.Macdonald was one of the founding fathers, but William Lyon Mackenzie King had to lead the country through the part of Depression and WWII, and they both have made different positive contributions to Canada and are highly respected
Canada is now known to be a diverse, multicultural, bilingual and inclusive nation largely as a result of his work. Pierre Elliott Trudeau also believed in an equal Canada for all, he is primarily the one to introduce rights and freedoms to the citizens of Canada. While some view Pierre Trudeau as impulsive, for enforcing the War Measures Act, Trudeau enacted this for the protection of Canadian citizens against radical extremist and his actions were more rational than impulsive for the situation that had suddenly occurred. Pierre Trudeau was one of Canada’s greatest Prime Minister’s, who’s impact fundamentally changed the course of the nation by introducing multiculturalism, for introducing the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and for paradoxically upholding democracy by strong action during the October Crisis.
This has now turned into what we know as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Lastly, Tommy Douglas, although never a Prime Minister, he did bring lots of important changes. Inspired by what one doctor did for him as a child, he set out to make health care free for all Canadians and eventually, in 1966, succeeded. He also brought the start of social plans, pension plans, and two weeks of paid time off.
Their lobby spends money on direct lobbying to candidates, campaign contributions, and in assisting in drafting legislation. The result of these efforts has led to laws such as the three-strike rule in California, anti-illegal immigration legislation, and increased immigration enforcement (Cohen 2015). These policies are inherently malicious and most harmful to minorities while attempting to keep as many people in prison as possible in a bid to generate more revenue to keep their shareholders happy. As such, the elimination of private prisons would effectively destroy their lobby, removing their influence over legislation that feeds off racial
“Let us be French, let us be english, but most importantly let us be Canadian.” This is a quote by John A. Macdonald from about 150 years ago and he was the first Prime Minister of Canada and had a political career which spanned for almost half a century. He also set a legacy that keeps our country together and united. One of the major events that happened that I will discuss is responsible government because it was a big part of history, was important to the people and it was an executive or Cabinet that would be dependent on the support of an elected assembly. But even before responsible government was created there was a lot of conflict between the British and the French which led to a few important events.
One of the more obvious effects is the amount of money spent on our prisons, the United States prison system cost $80 billion annually. This is taxpayer money that can be used for schools, drug rehabilitation programs, supporting infrastructure and other things. The other effects of mass incarceration lie in the hands of those directly affected; the prisoners and their families. Former prisoners have harder times finding houses, jobs, and making a sustainable salary. This creates a sub-class of citizens that are likely to fall into the manmade cycle of criminal behavior again.
I believe that the Canadian government is guilty of genocide against the aboriginal people of Canada because of the residential schools, the creation of the Indian act and the enfranchisement of first nations people. The first reason I think the Canadian government is guilty of genocide is the residential schools. The schools were government sponsored religious schools established to assimilate aboriginal children into the dominant Canadian culture. Their policy was to remove children from the influence of their families, cultures and traditions.
What they don 't see is that by using the money on beneficial programs they can reduce the amount of crime in communities who are crime based. Policing in communities of color is beneficial to the Prison Industrial Complex. Which is merely a form of exploitation that prisoners accused of such crimes undergo. They give their labor in return for nothing. “Prisoners do data entry for Chevron, make telephone reservations for TWA, raise hogs, shovel manure, make circuit boards, limousines,waterbeds and lingerie for Victoria’s Secret- all at a fraction of the cost of ‘free labor’”(Davis 686).
To call this era of drastic change the ‘Quiet Revolution’ is a vivid, and yet, paradoxical description. The Quiet Revolution was a time of intense socio-political and socio-cultural change in Quebec, which extended beyond Quebec’s borders because of its influence on contemporary Canadian politics. As a result of the effects of the changes that occurred during this Quiet Revolution, most Quebec provincial governments since the early 1960s have maintained political and social orientations based on the core concepts developed and implemented during the Quiet Revolution. As such, there is no doubt that the Quiet Revolution had a significant impact in Canadian History. This impact can be characterized by the prelude to the Quiet Revolution; the demographic evolution of Quebec; the social educational reforms that were put in place; the economic reforms and their impact; the rise of nationalism; and finally, the cultural changes that occurred.
It was a fire that sparked the War Measures Act and a crisis that halted Quèbec independence, and the city of Africville was a great injustice directed towards Black Nova Scotians. Negative or positive, all of the events that involve Canada has helped it to mature into the country we know