Channsin Berry and Bill Duke, who are both Black men, the focus is on how the issue of Eurocentric beauty standards, or more specifically colorism, effects the Black community. Colorism is defined to be the “prejudice or discrimination based on the relative lightness or darkness of the skin” (Dark Girls). In this case, lightness is preferred while darkness is not. According to Matthew Shenoda, Assistant Provost for Equity and Diversity at the California Institution of the Arts, it is a concept that has its roots in years of White colonization and slavery (Dark Girls). When White people took control of masses of people, a sort of cultural invasion occurred and because the people were being taught that the colonizers are superior, they started to change their sense of beauty, intelligence, identity, and superiority with whiteness.
Removing Henrietta’s cells without her consent seems to be a very rare scenario and this can tell how the medical community mistreats the Black Americans. A woman of black America origin, Rebecca Skloot managed to surface other different stories of maltreatment directed to the African American community. Blacks in America were taken as people with unequal rights even in a situation like this that talked about right to life. She explained horrific experiences on experimentation of African Americans, stories that were enhanced by fear seen in Henrietta’s relatives refusing to visit hospitals even for necessary treatment. In this regard, the paper will give a response to the immortal life of Henrietta Lacks.
They all hold whiteness to be the default beauty standard. As Paul C. Taylor declares, “the most prominent type of racialized ranking represents blackness as a condition to be despised, and most tokens of this type extend this attitude to cover the physical features that are central to the description of black identity” (16). Such attitudes are found in the words of black women themselves, when they talk about Pecola’s baby, saying that it “ought to be a law: two ugly people doubling up like that to make more ugly. Be better off in the ground” (188). Without any support from her community or even family, Pecola is a character who is
Thirdly, the words represent her psychological acceptance of the American discriminatory condition. Sadly, she is one of the millions of African Americans who have been brainwashed into believing in white superiority. Thus, the phrase reappears again throughout the scene, to symbolize Rosa’s acceptance of racism whatever the cost. Her attitude shows an instilled belief in the futility of opposing racism and how she is surrendering instead of fighting to seek fair treatment in obtaining opportunities as an African
Through her statement on the impairment that internalized racism can do to the most vulnerable member of a community— Pecola; a young girl, Morrison jumps out of the tradition of African-American literature that “Portrays racism as a definite evil” (Eichelberger, 1999, p.59). Whiteness within this novel is said to be the symbol of goodness and innocence. The blacks in the novel are unhappy that they are not part of the dominant race. The main characters in this novel are marginalized people. Their status in the society causes them to feel subjugated.
The state influences the thinking of ordinary people about race by putting barriers around people that are black or have black ancestry. In the article Racial Formations by Michael Omi and Howard Winant, they use the trial of Susie Guillory Phillips as an example of how the state views people that have black descendants. Susie wanted to be classified as white instead of black, but she was denied because of the 1970’s law that declared people black if they had ancestors that were black. This shows that the government is trying to categorize people, and gives a message to society that if someone has dark skin, or has black ancestors that they can’t be anything else. There’s also films that show behaviors, and appearances that they’ve given to
Jean Toomer’s “Becky” continues three key themes that put it in conversation with the Harlem Renaissance and Modernism. The theme that appears as soon as the story begins is the breakdown of social norms. The story begins with “Becky was the white woman who had two Negro sons.” During this time, interracial relationships were outlawed, and black men would be putting their lives in danger if they even glanced at a white woman. Therefore, for people who read this during the Harlem Renaissance, this would be taboo and disturbing. The next theme that connects “Becky” with the Harlem Renaissance and Modernism is the disjointed timeline.
Resistance to Racism Resistance to racism is the refusal to accept or comply with prejudice or discrimination based on someone’s race. African Americans have experienced displacement and racism since 1619, when slavery first began in America (History.com). In the book “I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings” by Maya Angelou, an African American women who grew up alongside her family whom throughout their lives have experienced displacement in society in America. After reading this book it led me to question, To what extent does the racial displacement of African Americans in America still exist today? Maya Angelou has been through thick and thin to find a balance in society and still to this day there is a need for resistance to racism.
However, Florence is seen applying bleaching cream to her skin while stating, “And I know you don’t want a coal-black woman”, this displays her hopes of becoming more like the white people who are despised in the book. And although the end of the institution of slavery in the United States had ended in the year 1863 due to the signing of the emancipation proclamation by President Lincoln, the tension between races are seen as prevalent as the book being set in 1935 are continuing to have bad blood between each other. In the past I never really understood and had only thought that “bleaching of the skin” was a joke as I had and still admire all tones of skin, however I was appalled to see that people around me have actually used the cream due to their insecurities and aspirations to be a lighter tone. I still believe that society needs change from the traditional idea that “lighter tones are
Rhetorical Précis In her rhetorical essay “From Fly-Girls to Bitches and Hos” (1999), Wesleyan University graduate and feminist Joan Morgan claims that if a man cannot love himself, than he is incapable of loving women in a healthy matter, and it is up to women of color and the African American community to change these threads. Morgan supports her claim using ethos by questioning artists such as B.I.G and their aggressive lyrics, with logos by providing statistics from the U.S Census Bureau in regards to the decrease of the number of black two parent household, and also with pathos by providing a personal example of her family friend. Morgan is hoping to improve the music industry by examining hip hop and rap lyrics in order to raise awareness instead of censoring the industry. Morgan's tone is disdainful, concerned and disappointed in order to establish credibility with her audience, which consist of women of color, feminist, and hip hop artist. The goal of this essay is to analyze Joan Morgan argument and her use of rhetoric.