Th the saga of Spanish conquest not only reveals a story of defeat, exploitation and control it also tells a story of the “negotiation of culture,” between the Spanish and the indigenous people of Spanish America. It is a saga where the fusion of the old was brought together with the new. The friction experienced by many indigenous people, as well as Africans, refused at times to accept the ideas that the Spanish were imposing. In the end the end the strong hand of Europe was able to conquer these people, but not entirely. In on in which there remained after conquest resistance, accommodation and negotiation of cultures.
This view clearly ignores the importance of the indigenous allies for the Spaniards. These allies played an important role in aiding and supplying the Spanish forces. They also provided the manpower needed to move these supplies, as well as the Spanish cannons, forward in their movement across Mexico. These allies also provided thousands of warriors who fought and died to support the Spanish victory. Examining these facts it is clear that the Spanish were neither as alone, nor as outnumbered as is popularly
As has been noted, the Spanish conquistadors wanted gold and exorbitant commodities. They did not conquer far lands to learn about their culture, religion, or advancements, but for their own greed. Another improvement they would boast was not only new items and products to trade, but untried trading ports and routes and new territory to trade and acquire even more materials. Spain also wanted more and more land. They wanted to secure more territory than Portugal and to demonstrate their superiority through their fief.
The Aztec Empire was conquered by the Spanish in 1519 so quickly and rapidly that the Aztec people were left with devastating effects. When the Spanish went to invade the Aztecs they were ready, they had strong steel swords that didn 't break easily and they had cannons and guns as well. But sadly the Aztecs weren 't as rich as the Spanish and only had wooden spears, wooden clubs and wooden and leather shields which could break easily and were no match for the
These differences were also smaller details under the larger ideas of barbarianism, new cultures, and the even bigger idea of inhumanity. The Spanish saw the Native Americans as slaves because they showed to be hard laborers and gave into the Spanish power. The Native Americans had a natural knack for manual tasks, so much that most Spaniards compared them to insects because both insects and Native Americans could do certain tasks that normal humans, such as high class Spaniards, could not. The Spaniards would never do such work as they believed that work was meant for slaves. When the Spanish took over the Aztec capital city, Sepúlveda remarks of how the Native Americans were “oppressed and fearful at the beginning.” The Native Americans were seen as weak willed, for they barely resisted the conquest of their homes.
Defeat struck the Aztec Empire in 1521 when Hernan Cortes and his army invaded and conquered Tenochtitlan, bringing the end of the great civilization. Could the Aztecs have done something before, something that could have changed the way the Empire had come to an end? Geography helped in a major way, surrounding the Aztecs with protection from Mt.Popocatepetl and Mt.Iztaccihuatl . The weapons and war strategies that the Aztecs used were very well planned and could have defeated the Spanish. Even so, Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztecs, had to ruin the victory.
The rebellion began strongly, with Amaru spreading his message amongst the Indigenous people south of Cuzco, gaining support and, consequently, control over the region. Nevertheless, the failure to capture Cuzco on time, caused by the lack of rebel recruitment and the poor timing of the attack, turned the battle around, providing the Spaniard a chance to attack the rebels and capture Jose Gabriel and other leaders. The revolt continued; however, with Jose Gabriel’s younger relatives taking the role of leaders. Nevertheless, they too were captured by the Spaniard forces, with the difference that they were not war prisoners but rather victims of the Spanish authorities’ legal tactics to lawfully capture the rebel leaders without breaking the ceasefire they had declared earlier. This put an end to the rebellion but not to it did not vanish its legacy.
More authoritarian governments, such as monarchies, have been notorious throughout history for not being particularly fond of giving people such freedom. It is no secret that Christianity was the primary religion of the time during the 16th and 17th Centuries throughout the European subcontinent. The Spanish monarchy were dead set on spreading Christianity all throughout the “New World” Columbus discovered. This was one of the primary reasons that Columbus was able to accrue enough funds to take part in such an expedition. Bartolome las Casas mentions this theory of Christianization in his
You can 't eat it, you can 't wear it, and you can 't forge it into good weapons, build durable houses, or decent ships out of it. The vast importation of gold and silver actually devalued those metals in the European economy at the time. As previously mentioned, Spain was embroiled in a number of very costly, long-term wars. Initially, Spanish ar-mies were very advanced both in technology and tactics, but over time, their adversaries passed them by and began to defeat them. Spain lost its other European possessions and the vast sums spent sustaining those wars was
While on conquest, he witnessed the atrocity and brutality towards the Indians. This inhumane treatment led him to Spain to seek better treatment towards them. Las Casas sought better methods for Spanish conquest, with the support of the emperor, Charles V, he built a new colony that consisted of the Spaniards and the Indians, but his attempt failed. This failure didn’t stop Las Casas from doing religious services. In 1523, he moves to Santo Domingo where he produced his great
Both of these people committed these atrocities in the name of Spain and their country. In order to discover riches and find new flourishing land for the taking. These expeditions did affect their pocket book, giving them treasure from exploring and demolishing the Aztecs and Incas. This certainly impacted the Americas, as there isn’t an Aztec or Inca empire anymore. They came upon the indigenous people with