She used The Autobiography of Malcolm X as an example of a young Black boy being shut down of his dreams by his teacher because he was black. “The message was clear: You are a Black male, your racial group membership matters, plan accordingly… and eventually left his predominantly white Michigan home to live with his sister in Roxbury, a Black community in Boston” (379). Boys and girls of racial differences are receiving messages like this on a normal basis now, adding to the racial issues that are already to come in educational
The main characters are Scout and Jem, both of which are fairly innocent to the world. When their father decides to take a court case about a black man who raped a white woman, they are exposed to the true nature of people. The loss of innocence is one of the central themes in Harper Lee’s, To Kill a Mockingbird. As the book progresses
“We’re due back at the House. Besides, these fanatics always try suicide; the pattern’s familiar.” (Radbury 36). A day later, Beatty talked to Montag stating that books are only outlawed because it made other people unhappy. “Not everyone born free and equal, as the Constitution says, but everyone made equal. Each man the image of every other; then all are happy, for there is no mountains to make them cower, to judge themselves against!” (Radbury 55-56).
In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch, defends an innocent black man named Tom Robinson. Mayella Ewell accused Tom of raping and beating her. There is significant evidence proving his innocence. But, the jury convicts him as guilty. This trial troubles the main character, Scout, her brother Jem, and their friend Dill.
Tom Robinson was a guilty man even before he even entered the courtroom; along with all the other African-Americans living in the south at that time. Even though it was obvious that he was innocent, due to the evidence pointed out by his lawyer, Atticus Finch, he was found guilty merely due to his race. It’s pretty obvious that the theme in “To Kill a Mockingbird” is racism and prejudice, and the discrimination of the African-American community was the most evidently shown. For example, the blacks were regarded as tools or objects to be used in labour, and were given very little, to basically no rights. Even in the trial, blacks and whites sat in separate sections, and all the members of the jury were white!
James McBride demonstrates that one can learn about his own identity through others opinions of him in his society. Generally, youngsters often do not care about each other’s races unless someone wants the kids to distinct between the two races. At an early age, James realized that his race has something to do with his Identity. He noticed that both black and white people glare at his white mom and her black kids with an obscene expression on their face, letting James know that his family is different than other families which the society considered more acceptable than his family. James started to compare his skin tone with his mother’s skin tone and noticed that she was white however he was black.
The man he is defending is innocent of the charge of rape by a man named Bob Ewell’s daughter. Through testimony at the trial to the jury, the girl simply kissed had a black man. Also, during the trial Atticus shows to the jury that the girl appeared to have been beaten by someone who used their left hand and Tom could not use his left arm at all, the jury still found Tom guilty. Tom was killed later trying to escape but Bob Ewell, wanted revenge against Atticus for making what he thought was a fool of him in
Mainly Blacks and Latinos are faced with this unfair and unjust system that paints the picture that they never be more than their white counterparts. Education is now a two tier system, which put minorities and other children in poverty in a clear disadvantage. Minorities have always been at a disadvantage and the school-to-prison pipeline make sure people of color, as a whole never strive to their true potential. Some of the things the Civil Rights Movement fought for were equality and the desegregation of schools. Many fought for and died for the right for every child especially those of color to succeed.
In to kill a mockingbird the Maycomb trial was practically a “gala occasion” (pg 173) The scottsboro trial got international recognition. Tom Robinson’s case was only known to his small town. Harper Lee definitely uses facts about the trial when she says that when they announced the verdicts of the guilty, people ran out. Another instance is when she used the example of a group of people trying to get to the boys so that they could harm them. They had the sheriff protecting them.
When the Finches and Heck Tate learn that Jem likely stabbed and killed their neighbor, Bob Ewell, after he assaulted Jem and his sister, Scout. Heck tried to convince Atticus he should play it off as if Bob accidentally stabbed himself, but Atticus believed, “‘Heck, it’s mighty kind of you and I know you’re doing it from that good heart of yours, but don’t start anything like that’” (Lee 365). He believes that the law should be fully respected and wanted to set the example for his kids that there are no excuses to be made for something so serious. Another way Atticus teaches this to his children is when a man named Tom Robinson, who was convicted under a false rape accusation, was shot dead in prison for trying to escape. Even though it is terrible news for everyone, Atticus believes “‘What was one Negro, more or less, among two hundred of ‘em?