Even though there are several pieces of evidence that show Tom is innocent Atticus knows he will not win, but that is no reason for him not to try. It makes sense for Atticus to defend Tom Robinson because he believes in the Golden Rule and he has integrity. The first reason why Atticus should defend Tom Robinson is because he believes in the Golden Rule. He believes that you should treat others the way you would want to be treated no matter what. For example, on page 39, while talking to Scout, Atticus says, “...you never really understand a person until you consider things from their point of view...until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.”, (Lee, 39).
Mr. Finch adds “ a jury is only as strong as the men that make it up.” Granted the men that make it up do not believe two men of different races are equal. Tom should be given a fair trail with an unbias jury. Assuming a white male was being accused of raping a black female, the case would have been dismissed as the female lying. Because it was a black male against a white female, the black male was accused of lying. Atticus also say, “A court is no better than each
The evidence boils down to you-did-I-didn 't. The jury couldn 't possibly be expected to take Tom Robinson 's word against the Ewells, '" Atticus solemnly explains this to his brother. First of all, Atticus demonstrates courage when he undertakes the task of defending Tom Robinson, a black man wrongly accused of rape. Atticus knows he won 't win the case and like Mrs. Dubose in her battle against morphine, he is "licked" before he begins. Nevertheless, Atticus knows that Tom is innocent and that he must fight for him, since no one else will.
Just like Gandhi made a movement without violence, Atticus Finch did as well. This man didn’t hurt a single Negro or a white person when he wanted to show that race meant nothing in the times before the court trial. When someone made prejudice remarks, he didn’t react in ferocious way, but instead, he kept it all in his mind, building up thoughts to a conclusion. According to BBC.co.uk/ethics, “The aim of non-violent conflict(or ahimsa) is to convert your opponent; to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that your point of view is right.” Atticus tried to win over the mind and heart of the jury (white farmers) with a very convincing testimony to change their point of view and to see Tom Robinson as a man, not a colored man. In the movie The Help, Skeeter wants to write an article about what it’s like to be a black maid.
He then tries to transfer the audience’s pity to Tom Robinson, who is the real victim in the courtroom. He calls out the ‘witnesses’ for assuming that the jury would believe them just because of Robinson’s skin color. By doing this he appeals to the jury’s emotions by claiming that they are smarter than only judging on skin color. He addresses the racist prejudices that the jury might have had and tells them they are better than that, making them feel guilty for the racism they may have felt. Atticus tells the jury he is sure that they will make the right decision, saying, “Now I am confident that you gentlemen will review without passion the evidence that you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this man to his family.” He is putting additional pressure on them to make a choice based on facts and not on prejudiced ideas about race.
In the book Atticus always did the right thing. For example, he wanted Jem to learn what real courage was when Jem thought having courage had to do with having a gun. “I just wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand.” (Lee, Harper, page 149) He also did the right thing by doing his best defending Tom even though he was black. He didn’t care about Tom’s skin color. He just wanted to help this man who was misunderstood.
Dear Members of the Jury, I am writing you this letter to tell to you that Tom Robinson should be proven not guilty. This case would have never happened if the truth would have been told and it wasn’t a case between black and white. There are many ways that Robinson is not guilty. One of these reasons that Tom Robinson is not guilty is that if you listened to the Sheriff 's testimony he stumbled frequently and when he said something and then Atticus would say something different he would agree with Atticus. Tom Robinson is a very polite man with great manners, which you could take into consideration that he wouldn’t dare hurt this woman in this kind of manner.
An example/quote, of his desire for equality is this quote, “…Gentlemen, a court is no better than each man of you sitting before me on this jury. A court is only as a sound as it jury, and a jury is only as a sound as the men who make it up….” (Lee 274). This quote explains a reason, Atticus did help a black man in front of many. If he did not want things to be equal, then why he would help him in the first place. Another example Atticus said, “A nigger-lover is just one of those terms that don 't mean anything—like
Lee uses Miss Gates’s ironic views of Hitler and Tom’s trial to show how racial prejudice causes crimes against African Americans to be considered less than crimes committed against white people. A mockingbird is then used to symbolize Tom Robinson as an innocent person wrongly convicted of a crime because of his skin color. The misunderstood characterization of Arthur Radley shows how society will let prejudice guide their imaginated view on the lives of people they don't understand. All three characters provide examples of how a preconceived opinion of one person or a whole race can cause drastic misunderstandings and
Introduction • As Atticus once said, “Our courts have their faults, as does any human institution, but in this country our courts are the great levelers, and in our courts all men are created equal” (Lee, 274). • Prejudice should not be present in court to ensure everyone is given an equal chance. • However, this failed to occur in the case of Leo Frank. The jury was unable to rise above social prejudice and see the case with an open mind. • Harper Lee also explored this concept in To Kill a Mockingbird.
To Kill A Mockingbird Extra Credit In the novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, the theme of equality is evident while the trial is going on at the courthouse. For example, a Cunningham on the jury wanted to believe Atticus’ side of the trial. The Cunningham showed to be equal as he debated with the other people on the jury about how a black man could be innocent. In addition, equality was shown in the courthouse as Judge Taylor assigned Atticus the Tom Robinson case. Taylor knew Atticus would treat Tom as an equal.
Which, then shows how children know right from wrong, even when most do not. Harper Lee wrote on pages 116-117, “‘The only thing we’ve got is a black man’s word against the Ewell’s...The jury couldn’t possibly be expected to take Tom Robinson’s word against the Ewells.’” To Kill A Mockingbird also states, “Jem smiled. ‘He’s not supposed to lean, Reverend, but don’t fret, we’ve won it...Don’t see how any jury could convict on what we heard-’...’Now don’t be so confident, Mr. Jem, I ain’t ever seen any jury decide in favor of a colored man over a white man,”’ on page 279 paragraphs 6-7. Harper Lee then continues on page 282 paragraphs 2-3 to write, “A jury never looks at a defendant it has convicted, and when this jury came in, not one of them looked at Tom Robinson…’Guilty...guilty...guilty...guilty.’” Then, on page 285 paragraph10 it says, “‘They’ve done it before and they did it tonight and they’ll do it again and when they do it-seems that only children weep.’” This all comes together to prove that the children, Jem especially, saw how the verdict should have been and then goes on to suggest that if the jury had been made up of kids the verdict would have been much faster and would have been right because the children would not have been blinded by public opinion. So, the irony of Jem believing Tom Robinson would be free and the belief everyone else had including Atticus that the jury would convict Tom Robinson, shows that adults have come to believe that justice no longer matters, while hypocritically teaching their children that it
Everybody has freedom, but if they exceed this freedom by committing a crime, do people always get punished equally? If two men from a different race commit the same crime, why aren’t they always awarded with the same punishment? This thought could have went through one’s mind when said one was reading To Kill a Mockingbird, and asked themselves if a Caucasian man would have gotten the same punishment as Mr. Robinson after the same great defence Mr. Finch delivered. As a matter of fact, one might have also wondered how, being poor, Mr. Robinson still managed to get a lawyer. This fact is explained by two elements.