The new leader did everything he could to restore France to its former glory. He got rid of any of the fools who opposed him, for he knew they would hold back his great plan of creating a new, better France. ¨Thus, it was Napoleon who shot down the columns of rebels marching against the National Convention (13 Vendémiaire year IV;
He studied at a military school and was an officer by the age of 16. Anything that was thrown his way, his Grande Armee could defeat or overcome it. One of the only things he truly cared about was his strong army, and he did everything in his power to connect with his men. As said in Sources of the Western Tradition Volume II: From the Renaissance to the Present, ”Recognizing the importance of good morale, he sought to inspire his troops by appealing to their honor, their vanity, and their love of France.” (Sources 112).
Prior to Napoleon's reign as emperor, France had been through the rein of terror and the French Revolution. King Louis the Sixteenth and his wife Marie Antoinette had put France in major debt and took no responsibility for it. He was killed by the guillotine. Robespierre took control after his death and caused more problems for France and killed anyone who was not passionate enough about his ruling. He too was killed by the guillotine.
Napoleon, a talented militarist, invaded Europe and disrupted the ‘old order’. He replaced the House of Orange -the original rulers of Holland- by Louis, his Brother and created three kingdoms in Italy. He also dethroned the Spanish king in 1908. However, after the Congress of Vienna in 1815, all the old dynasties were restored, and that implied the restoration of legitimacy. For example, the house of Savoy was restored to to Pedimont, the House of Orange to Holland, the Pope to the Papal states, the Bourbons to France and Spain, the princes to the German states and the Habsburgs to Austria.
France went from being a country severely in debt to being one of the most powerful empires in Europe. But for every rise there must be a fall. A rebellion is an act of violence or open resistance to an established government or ruler. But what causes a rebellion and eventually revolution?
Emperor Franz held up the position of the “oldest monarchy in Europe” at the time and the “crowned adventurer” finally received a recommendation. His career had climaxed. After this, unfortunately, a critical time began for Beethoven and Napoleon in 1812. Napoleon guided the Grande Armee out of Russia. While he had sustained this leaving, he was too late and the retreat was a catastrophe, indicating the end was nigh.
1) Challenges against the newly-formed Third Republic, started right after its foundation. Although overwhelming defeat against Prussia after the Franco-Prussian War in 1880-81 was the Second Empire’s fault, peace deal signed between the Third Republic and Prussia. Republic, even from its very beginning, lost significant prestige and France’s “grandeur” (greatness) in the eyes of her rivals both inside and outside. On the one hand, monarchist, which hold the majority in parliament expects the humiliation of the Republic and republicans in order to proclaim a new system and the third empire, on the other hand, Unification of the German Empire created a vital threat not just the French influence in Europe also French sovereignty itself. In addition to that, the Republic had challenges in the system itself between making reforms to implement a fully democratic order and creating a secular republic which create “état laic”.
World War 1 started on the 28th of July 1914 and lasted until 11th of November 1918. In the years preceding the war tensions between countries rose, sparking the war. Below are the three main reasons why the “War to End All Wars” broke out. One of the Main reasons why the war started was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on the 28th of June 1914 in Sarajevo. Gavrilo Princip a crazed member of a terrorist group “Black Hand” killed the Archduke as he hated Austria-Hungary and the Archduke.
Due to all this, the country split into two factions and civil war ensued. These trying times brought along the Irish opposition, who tried to seize the English government. Charles was eventually put on trial and charged with multiple counts of treason punishable by death and was later executed. Charles I, son of James VI of Scotland was born in 1600 A.D at Dunfermline Palace.
Paradise Lost was most likely composed few years before its first publication in 1664, a period of a great political problems and transitions during which the republican poet opposed strongly the restoration and tried by his literary works to prevent it. Yet, the terrifying end has come and the revolution, which had promised to establish a purified nation, saw its end with the restoration of the monarchy and the coronation of Charles II. The restoration returned not only the king but the Anglican Church too which provoked a large wave of puritan and catholic persecutions and prohibited all sort of religious meetings for worship. In addition to that, all the puritan ministers and activists were either killed or imprisoned including John Milton, who has been arrested and imprisoned. Thanks to some friends Milton gets released and during the following dark and difficult days, he devotes himself for the accomplishment of Paradise
At the outset, they hoped that, by pointing out that the Orders in Council had been revoked, the U.S. would suspend hostilities. Instead, President Madison demanded an end to impressment, well aware that Britain would not make such a concession in wartime. And so Britain went to war, with no troops to spare to reinforce Canada; it would be defended by a handful of British regulars, Native Americans and Canadian militia.
The Battle of Saratoga showed the world that the colonists had a chance at winning the war. The French Navy and French troops were instrumental in the Patriots’ success. The Battle of Yorktown is considered the end of the Revolutionary War, as Britain lost the will to fight and General Cornwallis surrendered. The French Navy stopped all reinforcements coming from New York and French troops assist in the bombardment of Yorktown. Cornwallis runs out of supplies under this constant bombardment and is forced to surrender.
Civil War became the reason for extinction of slavery and surrendering of all the Confederate armies along with dissolution of the Confederate Government in United States and gave a stronger federal government to the nation. The Civil War from 1861 to 1865 is considered
All European ports under the command of Napoleon were closed because of the fear of invasion. Because of this, the Spanish-American trade cut-off made America rely on Britain all the more. America hated this, and started the tries to become independent, which was one of the reasons for the War of 1812. Tecumseh: Tecumseh was a First Nations military leader in the War of 1812.
The French Revolution brought fighting between Austria and France, until French armies drove back the Austrian invaders, and France was self-declared a republic. Violence in France started the Reign of Terror, during which Hamilton’s federalists spoke of the evil of the revolution, blaming Democratic-Republicans for supporting the outbreak of violence in France. Jefferson and his people disagreed and felt that the price of a few thousand soldiers was a cheap one to pay for freedom. This comes to prove how the French Revolution brought the division between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans even further. Another event in this time that would bring a negative impact of american politics would be the War of 1812 which resulted from the Embargo Act.