In fact, Ralph A. Bard, Undersecretary of the Navy wrote to Secretary of War Stimson in a June 27, 1945 memorandum. “I define this decision as an emotional and reckless decision, Japanese government may be searching for some opportunity which they could use as a medium of surrender” (Bard). In fact, the Japanese government expressed desire to end the war, and would have accepted conditional surrender before the mainland invasion in November. The reason for dropping the bomb was forcing Japan to surrender unconditionally. In America’s opinion, Japan had lost the war; they did not have any capital to negotiate with.
Imagine living in a period in which the realities of war encased the world, and the lethal potential to end all suffering was up to a single being. During World War II, tensions between Japan and the United States increased. Despite pleas from US President, Harry Truman, for Japan to surrender, the Japanese were intent on continuing the fight. As a result, Truman ordered the atomic bomb, a deadly revolution in nuclear science, to be dropped on the towns of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. President Harry Truman, in his speech, “Announcement of the Dropping of the Atomic Bomb,” supports his claim that the dropping of the A-bomb shortened the war, saved lives, and got revenge by appealing to American anger by mentioning traumatic historical events and
The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so ‘why was it necessary to drop the bomb?”. Especially the second type, as evidence suggests that the Japanese were already defeated. Bombing and killing the innocent people shouldn’t ever be justified, however, it was a war and the American government did warn the Japanese about the consequences of continuing the fight. On August 6, 1945, the atomic bomb enriched with uranium, coded “Little boy”, was dropped over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The project was coded ‘Trinity’ when the first and only testing of ‘Little boy’ was on July 16th, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
congress was clear that the Japanese would battle until the very end and chose to utilize atomic bombs to persuade the Japanese to surrender (“The Bombing”). A decision was made to drop a massive bomb that was only tested. President Truman’s decision to authorize the atomic bomb ‘Little Boy’ at Hiroshima. He had had a strong belief that dropping an atomic bomb seemed to be the only way to decrease the number in lives that were being lost in the U.S. Truman defended the nuclear bombings, guaranteeing that shortening the war, possibly sparing a large number of American lives, and vengeance were the fundamental reasons he permitted the bombs to be dropped. (“The Bombing”).
(History in Hiroshima) The meeting between them is very marked by the recriminations and the great suspicions between the Americans and the Soviets. The large Russian armies that were occupying most of Eastern Europe. “Truman and many of his advisers hoped that the United States atomic monopoly might offer diplomatic leverage with the Soviets.”(WWII Part 4) In this way, the explosion of the atomic bomb in Japan can be seen as the first of many shots of the Cold War. (The Hiroshima Bombing) If all US officials really believed that they could use their great atomic monopoly to gain more diplomatic advantage, they had very little time to put their plan into action and do it successfully. In 1949, the Soviets had developed their own atomic bomb and began the nuclear arms
Although he did approve of the bomb, Roosevelt was unconcerned about actually dropping the bomb on Japan. Instead he supported the idea that since Germany was possibly looking into the same type of destructive weapon, the U.S. needed to advance in the field in order to prevent detrimental attacks against them. He had the Great Depression on his hands as well and was less motivated during his time to destroy Japan to end the war more efficiently. On the other hand, Truman saw his opportunity of bringing the United States to the end of the war in a quick manner by releasing the bombs since Japan had no intentions of taking an easy surrender. To prevent going through an invasion, Truman made a hasty decision to drop the bombs.
This statement affirms the fact that even if the atomic bombs were not dropped, and a land invasion had taken place instead, the battle would not have been easily fought. Aside from the hostility of the Japanese, the war was almost over, and dropping the atomic bombs expedited the prolonging of the war. The planned operation, titled ‘Downfall,’ would have taken many years and the estimated casualties of “a half-million American lives” (O’Neal). Based on the estimation, which excludes an added number of casualties, it was necessary to drop the bombs. Lastly, the Manhattan project was rather expensive, and Japan’s persistent honor and barbarism justified using the bomb’s destructive
The alternative for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisors was doing nothing and letting Nazi Germany develop atomic power and going on to use it to conquer the world. The United States of America wanted to end World War II on both the Atlantic and Pacific fronts and needed the quickest possible method to do so. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s advisors concluded that hundreds of thousands of American lives would be lost on an assault on the island of Japan. The U.S. Armed Forces was over 16,000,000 strong and Franklin D. Roosevelt’s main motive for dropping the atom bombs was to save American lives.5 The fact of the matter is World War II was started by the Axis powers which were Germany, Italy and Japan. The Axis powers alone turned Europe upside down.
During the war against Japan we dropped two nukes to defeat them and many people believed that it was over the top and unnecessary because they were on the edge of giving up. Like in document 7 when James Byrnes said “Japan was essentially defeated and that we could win the war in another six months.” (James Byrnes) This was simply not true in document 2 H. H. Arnold said, “Nevertheless the abrupt surrender of Japan came more or less as a surprise; for we had figured we would probably have to drop about 4 atomic bombs” (General H. H. Arnold) this is perfect evidence of how Japan was not willing to give up easily, because he was a General and the Commander of the American Army Air Force. So, Arnold would be able to know how war works better than anyone and if he believes that Japan would need four nukes to end the war, it means they would not give up easily. We even gave Japan a warning of the incoming bomb before it happened, like in document 5 “We call upon the Government of Japan to proclaim now the unconditional surrender of all Japanese armed forces, and to provide proper and adequate assurances of their good faith in such actions. The alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction...” (Potsdam Declaration) The Potsdam Declaration warned the Japanese of impending doom but still they fought on without the outlook to give
It 's a good thing we bombed when we did though because Russia was getting involved and other countries would 've joined and made the war worse. Where Japan didn 't get a warning about the bomb, they weren 't prepared and neither were the other countries so there was a better chance of nothing happening in return and nothing did. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were chosen, not the entire country. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were hit on target pretty well. Not all the Japanese were a target as well, just the military.