HOW LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR MAY INFLUENCE GROUP DYNAMICS IN ORGANISATIONS 1.0 INTRODUCTION The purpose of this essay is to explain how leadership behaviour may influence group dynamics in organisations. Leadership behaviour is the behaviour; a leader exhibits (Malik, Aziz and Hassan, 2014) and according to (Malik, Aziz and Hassan, 2014) (House et al, 2002) leadership means an ability to influence, motivate and enable others in a way that they contribute towards the efficiency and accomplishment of the mission and goals of organisations which have employed them. On the other hand, this essay involves the study and analysis of how people interact and communicate to each other in small groups. The study of group dynamics provides a vehicle to analyse group communications with the intent of rendering the groups more effective (Davies & Newstrom, 1985) (La Monica, 1985). In the next section, this essay will be focused on the relationships and interactions between leadership behaviour and group dynamics. 2.0 BODY OF ANALYSIS There are many leadership behaviour that affects the employee effectiveness, commitment and group dynamics. According to (Folkman, Z., 2010) they have identified the nine behaviours that will have the greatest impact on employee: inspire and motivate others, driving for results, strategic perspective, collaboration, walk the talk, trust, develops and supports others, building relationships and courage. Leaders who inspire and motivate others are effective at
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LITERATURE REVIEW "A leader shapes and shares a vision which gives point to the work of others. "- Charles Handy (1992) "Leadership is a purposeful relationship, which occurs episodically among participants, who use their individual skills in influence, to advocate transforming change. " - (c) Michael S. Kearns, 2005 Organizations depend upon capable leadership to guide them through unprecedented changes. Leadership is the catalyst that enables organizations to achieve business results (De Feo & Bar-el, 2002; Smith & Blakeslee, 2002).
Leaders cannot exist without followers, and vice versa (Grossman & Valiga, 2013). Good leaders can work with followers towards the same outcomes and seek improvements. When changes occur, leaders must build a successfully relationship with the followers based upon honesty, competence, inspiration and vision. In order for changes to be successful, leaders and followers must reinforce each other. Leadership skills are not easily gained.
Authentic leaders have a positive impact on followers, groups, and organization (Yaacoub, 2016). These leaders can be motivating on one hand and change to another style depending on the condition. Both leadership styles look for ways to partner with people, groups or organization. Servant uses measures to a leaders effectiveness (Reed, Vidaver-Cohet & Colwell, 2011).
INTRODUCTION The idea of leadership is the most vital aspect in any organization’ existence, because it decides the long haul survival of such an organization. In perspective, leadership is the platform upon which organizational goals and objectives are achieved. In spite of the fact that, leadership is viewed as a natural capacity to inﬂuence others by controlling the conduct of different individuals from a group, leadership approaches have advanced and past inﬂuence, to incorporate motivation and empowering of others to accomplish organizational objectives (Rosette and Tost, 2010; Caldwell and Dixon, 2010). Also, leadership is a transforming process targeted at the developing employees for the achievement of organizational goals.
Leaders and followers contribute reciprocally to each other to advance to a higher level of moral and motivation (Kuhnert & Lewis, 1987). Transformational leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions and motivations to work towards common goal and developing their own leadership skills. Transformational leaders challenge the status quo by introducing new methods of doing something and searching for ways to do it better. These leaders can sense things that are not working more easily than other leaders; however, it could be problematic for people who resist change or risks involved (Kuhnert & Lewis, 1987). Therefore, an intellectual leader motivates and stimulates their followers through openness and self-efficiency;
Team dynamics are usually unconscious, and influence the direction of a team’s behaviour and performance unnoticed. They are created by the nature of the team’s work, the personalities of the team members, their working relationships and the environment in which the team members
Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 2 Approach and Structure of the Dispersed Leadership Theory in Teams 4 Definition 4 Leadership Types 6 Table 1: Characteristics of the Three Leadership Types 8 Assumptions of the Model 9 Related Leadership Concepts and Theories 11 1 Empirical Illustration of the Dispersed Leadership Theory in Teams 12 2 Agenda for Future Research 14 3 Strength and Limitations 16 4 Concluding remarks 17 References 18 1.0 Approach and Structure of the Dispersed Leadership Theory in Teams According to Bryman, (1996), there is no one consistent definition of leadership, which not useful. Yukl (2010) argues that most definitions of leadership refer to the assumption of a process whereby one person intentionally influences other people in order to guide, structure and facilitate their activities, which are embedded in a team or an organization. Other definitions are broader in meaning, for example, Stogdill (1950) defined leadership as the process of influencing group activities in an effort to set and achieve goals. Similarly, Katz and Kahn (1966) defined leadership as “any act of influence on a matter of organizational relevance”.
In today’s workplace, organisations frequently include employees coming from different backgrounds, varied range of competencies and diversified languages, are required to focus on tasks accomplishments while also addressing the employee’s expectations through engagement activities so as to ensure effectiveness in being a contributing member of the organisation. Organisational leaders are regarded as coaches who will assist them in understanding and ultimately perform their task effectively (Hamlin 2002). The employees of their leaders expect effective communication and directions to prevail over their work-related issues via motivational skills. The concept of leadership is made of various components such as personality, ideologies, intellect,
Leadership Analysis Introduction One of the popular definitions of a leader is, "The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers." ( ) A more comprehensive definition that highlights striking features of a leader is, "A simple definition of leadership is that leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal.” ( ) A closer scrutiny of the characteristics of an influential leader would many ways assist one, in recognizing those attributes in an attempt to assimilate the best in others.
Effective leaders bring out the best in others: A great leader leverage off the best qualities from the people around them and challenge them to improve with confidence to achieve their personal goals. 2. The best leaders inspire with their words and actions: Great leaders lead by example and would not expect others to do what they are not prepared to do themselves. They appeal to people’s emotions, using images, stories, metaphors, and other ways that move people to action in achieving common goals. 3.
A good leader inspires his team with good ethics, encouragement, trust, commitment and overall sense of wellbeing. Leading by example is in fact a reality. A team that is led by a most creative and innovative leader with an aim to succeed will in fact be successful if that leader has the will and know how to make that team operate in one accord. Peterson (1961), in his book,
Winston and Patterson (2006) integrative definition of leadership is an excellent definition of leadership. Thus, Hitler also fits the definition only the most important ingredient is missing from Hitler leadership, which would be the presence of the Lord. There as been an enormous amount of information on the definition of leadership however, Bass (1990) argues that Leadership has been the focus of group processes, as a personality attribute, as the art of inducing compliance, as an exercise of influence, as a kind of act, as a form of persuasion, as a power relation, as an instrument in the attainment of goals, as an effect of nitration, as a differentiated role, and as the initiation of structure (20).
Each and every group should be or should have a clear structure, compatibility of interpersonal needs, the group size and as well as the roles of group members (Forsyth, 2014). The above mentioned forms part of group behavior and how groups particularly moves forward. For the purpose of this case study the researcher will focus on the roles in which the members of the group played and contributed. It is important thus to first know what are the roles.