During and a bit before the Civil War, many white Southern folk took for granted their freedom that many other people didn’t even have. When slavery hit America, it split it up, by making it two sides. The two sides were people that were for freedom and equality for everyone no matter what or who they were and the other side were the people who wanted only freedom and equality for them and them only. That is how the Civil War first started. A role model for many, Abraham Lincoln, gave a speech during the Civil War about freedom and equality for the nation because he said that is what made the “nation”.
Even after the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln wanted to colonize blacks in the Southwest United States. England and France being close to joining the Confederacy and Northern casualties forced Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. Lincoln was not happy that he had to do this saying he had “been anxious to avoid it”, that he was “driven to it”, that it was painful, and he was trembling while signing the document. The Emancipation Proclamation freed few slaves since it did not apply to slaves in the Border States and areas under federal control in the South. Lincoln freed slaves where he had no power and did nothing where he had power.
Many Southern white folks were slave owners back in the 1800s. Since they were slave owners, African American slaves had no freedom or rights. White people were constantly taking their freedom for granted, and took away African-Americans rights and freedom. Abraham Lincoln was in opposition to slavery, and the opposing opinions on freedom and equality is what caused the Civil War to begin. The Civil War changed many people's perspective on freedom and equality because before the Civil War, freedom and equality was not an option for many people.
The consequences for these actions if runaways were ever caught made it hard for other slaves to choose whether stay a slave or die trying to earn freedom. Many slaves escaped, but there were always others that remained on the plantations and not all of the slaves had the ability or strength to leave. President Abraham Lincoln decided there should be a change in the U.S. for the slaves so he wrote the Emancipation Proclamation which ending up only freeing one slave. The states had to battle
Johnson declared in December 1865 that every state whom agreed with the Thirteenth Amendment against slavery could join the Union. Even if Johnson freed the slaves, he did not do anything at all to help them. Johnson wasn 't in fact against slavery, he didn 't think it was a terrible way to treat people, he freed them just because he thought this would help the economy. He didn 't give them land where they could live and this forced the 'ex-slaves ' to work in farms, sometimes they where treated just as bad as before. The government levied a new poll tax they couldn 't afford and this meant they couldn 't vote anymore.
Seward made the point that Slavery is only an intuition and can be removed from a state, and the state would remain, but if you remove freedom, it is no longer a state. He reminded everyone that there is an authority higher than the government, God, and that it was their responsibility to take care of everyone and all creation. William H. Seward closed his speech by stating that no free state would establish slavery, and if given the choice to go back no slave state would have established it. The Compromise of 1850 provoked various responses from different speakers, all agreeing the Union was in danger. The compromise was passed in order to protect United States from splintering, but it only delayed the war.
The south feared a federal ban on the slave trade, which they did not want to happen under any circumstances. The northern states individually had started to ban slavery, this concerned the south and it became a topic of discussion for the commerce compromise. In the end the north and south agreed on having no ban on the slave trade for the next twenty years. This allowed the south satisfaction with their businesses and the way they ran their farming at the time and also had benefits to the government, such as the ability to tax the imported slaves. This did not really affect the north because 95% of the slaves in the country were in the south.
The north would praise him because what he had done to start everything and try to end the terrible parts of slavery. People though John Brown was one person that actually tried to start a change, so they wrote a song about him. However, this song had not gotten popular until it was played during the Civil War by the Union. This song is called “John Brown’s Body”, it was written to celebrate the legacy of John Brown after his execution. To sum up the song it practically is saying that his life was a good one and he is marching the Union troops up above and is cheering on the Union.
He teaches his children everything he knows and they believe he is the most honorable person alive. For readers to see how Atticus is an honorable person they must first look at him the way people in Maycomb County did. The main reason Atticus Finch was a honorable person was because he stood up for Tom Robinson when he knew they were going to lose. He believes everyone is equal, therefore, just because Tom Robinson is black, doesn't mean he shouldn't defend him. He told Scout many times in the book if he didn't defend this man he would never be able to tell Jem or her what to do ever again.
It did not instantly make everyone equal. The proclamation didn’t truly get rid of slavery, nor did it free all slaves. This issue only applied to the states in the confederacy, that weren’t under the Union Control. By this, the northern states and border states weren’t impacted. Lincoln was wise in this statement after the most lives were ever lost in a single day of war, in Antiem.