Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development Essay

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PROBLEM: Mina, a preschooler (2 – 4 years) saw another child taking some candy from her friend, Justin’s lunchbox when Justin wasn’t looking. According to your own understanding, explain how Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development and Vygotsky’s Theory of Mind relate to an individual’s moral development. EXPLAINATION: Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development consists of four development stages which is sensori-motor (birth-2 years old), preoperational (2 – 7 years old), concrete operational (7 – 11 years old) and formal operational (adolescence - adulthood) (Tiffany, Meghann, & Kay, 2006). Mina can be categorized as a preoperational or a toddler according to Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. At this stage, Piaget’s describes children begin to use language, memory and also imagination. During this period, children take part in make believe, understand also…show more content…
The social understanding process occurs between Mina and Justin and how she abbreviates the dialogue which occurred between them. Or if Mina is scared to tell Justin she can get help from her class teacher. Her teacher can help her to understand the situation. The process of zone of proximal development is happen between Mina and her teacher. The naïve participation occurs when Mina is understands and react to the situation after the help of her teacher. The semiotic systems associate with the language that Mina’s use to tell Justin. The language ability and theory-of-mind played by Mina shows how she mastering the usage of mental state terms and ideologies. The conclusion can be made both Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development and Vygotsky’s Theory of Mind is set out how preschoolers understand and interpenetrate in social and internalized the dialogue. Both theories showed preschoolers engage with the situation by using dialogue or communication to solve the problem

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