How Piaget´s Theory Of Cognitive Development And Vygotsky's Cognitive Development

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PROBLEM: Mina, a preschooler (2 – 4 years) saw another child taking some candy from her friend, Justin’s lunchbox when Justin wasn’t looking. According to your own understanding, explain how Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development and Vygotsky’s Theory of Mind relate to an individual’s moral development. EXPLAINATION: Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development consists of four development stages which is sensori-motor (birth-2 years old), preoperational (2 – 7 years old), concrete operational (7 – 11 years old) and formal operational (adolescence - adulthood) (Tiffany, Meghann, & Kay, 2006). Mina can be categorized as a preoperational or a toddler according to Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. At this stage, Piaget’s describes children begin to use language, memory and also imagination. During this period, children take part in make believe, understand also express relationship between the past and future. In Mina’ situation, she saw there is a child taking Justin’s candy. First, Mina is engaging with ability of interpreting social situations and trying to cooperatively work with her life skills. She can tell Justin that someone took Justin’s candy or she can stay silent without telling him about the candy at all. The way Mina acts can reflect her concern with others. The behavior tends to lead to social responsibility. If Mina tells Justin about someone is taking the candy, she is probably a cooperative child because she takes in and practicing the social

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