It’s no surprise that the government keeps secrets away from the American people, right? What if I told you that one of those secrets led up to over 190,000 deaths of fairly if not completely innocent people? Because that is exactly what happened as a result of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan project was a huge research conducted by scientists and physicists alike to create what would soon be the world’s first atomic bomb. Not only one of the world’s first atomic bombs, but definitely a huge turning point in history, causing bucketloads of death and destruction.
On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor.
The force of the ‘Little Boy’ was extremely big and very powerful. As the attack on Hiroshima was in progress Japan was shocked and weakened in a matter of hours (“Hiroshima”). During the time the ‘Little Boy’ bomb that was dropped information was put throughout the media. As can anyone imagine the surprise attack for Pearl Harbor was in no comparison to the world's shock of the use of an atomic bomb. No one knew how big of an event it was going to
The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki devastated the people of these cities. This, however, ended the conflict between the U.S. and Japan, but was it a good idea for the U.S.? Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed, and over one-hundred fifty thousand people were killed in the atomic bombings of Japan. The bombings by the United States were necessary because Japan was a powerful adversary that the United States needed to overcome in order to defeat Germany. They had started World War Two and put the Jewish people and gypsies and people they deemed not good enough for society in concentration camps.
The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so ‘why was it necessary to drop the bomb?”. Especially the second type, as evidence suggests that the Japanese were already defeated. Bombing and killing the innocent people shouldn’t ever be justified, however, it was a war and the American government did warn the Japanese about the consequences of continuing the fight. On August 6, 1945, the atomic bomb enriched with uranium, coded “Little boy”, was dropped over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The project was coded ‘Trinity’ when the first and only testing of ‘Little boy’ was on July 16th, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction. The Atomic Bomb was created through a series of tests conducted in New Mexico known as the Trinity tests or more commonly as the Manhattan Project.
In the first 24 hours of the Hiroshima bombing more than 90000 people died from the fires and the initial blast. Just because the bomb has already been dropped the death toll rises everyday because of injuries from the blast and radiation from the bomb. People who live 10 - 15 miles from the drop zone will most likely have health issues and some will die because the radiation doesn't immediately kill you but if you're exposed to it it starts to destroy your insides which makes you extremely and results in a long slow death. Deaths from radiation in Hiroshima are expected to kill another 50000 people over the next decade. One of the reason so many more will die is because there is no hospitals left in the city capable of caring for the now injured and sick In Nagasaki the effects were bad but not nearly as bad as Hiroshima.
The Japanese flew suicide missions to cause as much damage as possible. The Japanese were fierce fighters and were not afraid to die. This is why on August 6, 1945 the US decided to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. While the United States may feel justified in exacting revenge, the use of the atomic bomb was cruel and inhumane. The Enola Gay at 8:16 AM.
Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard created the first nuclear pile in Chicago, 1942 (Roleff 54). Some of the greatest minds in physics collaborated together to create the bomb. The project was put under command of Leslie Groves, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Beyer 37). The amount of funding as well as political support provided to the Manhattan Project gave the researchers the ability to make technological breakthroughs at unfathomable frequencies. Only two years went by between the construction of the first nuclear reactor and the first detonation of the atomic bomb.
On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein about the splitting of the uranium atom which could be beneficial in developing weapons for America during World War II. The Manhattan Project was constructed during World War II by the United States to develop the first nuclear weapon/atomic bomb (The Manhattan Project” 2015).