The British men gathered full control of the trading center present in the Americas, and created the Navigation Acts to help aid them in their tactics to take control over all trade within the Americas. The Navigation Acts were passed under a mercantilist system, and was used to regulate trade in a way that only benefitted the British economy. These acts restricted trade between England and its colonies to English or colonial ships, required certain colonial goods to pass through England before export, provided subsidies for the production of certain raw goods in the colonies, and banned colonial competition in large-scale manufacturing. This lowered the competition in the trading world for the British and caused the British to have a major surge in power, that greatly attributed to the growth of their rising empire. The British’s ambitious motives in the trading world help portray a way that the British took control of an important piece in the economy of all of the other nations present in the colonies in the time period, and shows another leading factor in the growth of the British empire.
(Doc.1) Along with all the diverse raw materials, Britain would have a large market to sell finished goods, fueling Imperialism. (Doc. 1) The island had obstruct waterways so it was well protected. (Doc.4) Great Britain had good ports and access to the Atlantic Ocean.
Much of the population became farmers which provided imports to England. This helped to build a strong bond between Britain and America. The British relied strongly on colonial imports. Macmillan Learning states, “Despite the many differences among the colonists, the consumption of British exports built a certain material uniformity across region, religion,
The European countries founded colonies in the Americas because they could buy cheap resources from their colonies, the colonies would serve as captive markets, and they could collect taxes from the colonists. Colonies were only allowed to trade resources with their mother country and their mother country wanted to buy resources as cheaply as possible. This meant that the colonists had to sell resources to their mother country at low prices even if they could sell their resources for more elsewhere. After buying resources from their colonies, the mother country would make refined goods to sell back to their colonies at a high price with a large profit. The colony would have to buy the goods from their mother country because they could not buy from anyone else, thus creating captive markets.
As expected, Britain put certain taxes on the colonies to help regulate trade and pay for transport of goods. However, many of the taxes Britain put on colonists were for the sole purpose of creating revenue for the British (Doc 2). The reason the British believed they were justified to do this was the belief that colonists still owed reparations for British support in the French Indian war (Doc 1). The colonists found these taxes so insulting that many of them refused to purchase British goods.
But, bigger problems were arising with time. For example, “Taxation without Representation,” that was one of the main reasons why the colonists rebelled against the British monarchy. Also, after the French and Indian War, the British needed revenue to pay for the cost of the war debts and to finance defense in North
They were able to trade with basically whoever they wanted to, participating lucratively in the Triangular Trade. With this, many merchants lined the coast of the Americas, patiently awaiting the incoming slaves from Africa or the goods from England, while greedily exporting their tobacco. Many established a life off of this competitive economic system, trying to soak up the finite wealth of the world. After the French and Indian War, which was a war fought for control of more land against the French, the English realized that they needed to tighten their strings in
Britain used the colonies for trade, which gave Britain more money than they needed. The government used this money on “superb Royal Navy” (“The Mercantilist System”, n.d.). The Royal Navy not only protected the Britain colonies, but threatened the colonies of the other empires. This created some friction between the colonies and Britain, but
Settling in the New World provided both the American settlers and the British government with many opportunities. For the colonists, North America provided an opportunity to improve their lives and escape religious persecution. For the British, settlers in North America provided access to raw materials and new markets in which to sell finished goods. This mercantilist relationship continued for several years, until the colonists began to question Parliament’s right to treat them differently than other British citizens. Taxes were imposed on the colonists as a means of helping to pay the debt Britain had incurred fighting the French.
They were the ones providing Great Britain with the raw materials they needed to make finished goods to trade. The king passed many acts such as the revenue act, in order to levy taxes on all goods being imported into the colonies. This was one way of controlling their economy. He did this because Great Britain was in quite a lot of war debt due to the French and Indian war. Although he was not directly making the decisions, he made direct suggestions to Parliament as to how to handle the war debt.
From the seventeenth to the eighteenth century, the British Empire was the biggest power in the world. Some said that the sun never set on the British Empire because of its greatness, and Britain wanted to continue growing. To do this they tried to regulate trade to favor them. This principle of creating a favorable export and import balance is mercantilism. Mercantilism shaped the life of eighteenth century Colonial America by regulating their trade, by economically weakening them and putting them in debt, and by socially creating the tensions that led to the Revolutionary War.
The taxes and events that took place because of the British trying to make things better ended into the beautiful land of America we live in today. These events and taxes the British brought put up caused their own demise, putting tighter and tighter control that led to a revolution in colonial
In turn, the Americans earned independence and a lot of rights that other countries did not have. The American colonists had a large defiance in their hands, due to the fact that the British were extremely robust. Whereas the British had a very successful army and won the majority of their wars, the
Great Britain went into debt after the French and Indian war causing them to have to find some way to make more revenue. In order to try to climb out of debt, Britain started to enforce new taxations and regulation such as the sugar, currency, and stamp act and the internal and external taxes (Brinkley, 112-113). With the taxations placed on the colonists there was a new found argument of “taxation without representation.” That was one of the main arguments for breaking away the Great Britain. Without that argument, the argument of the colonists separating from Great Britain might not have ever occurred.
(a) One of the most significant cause of American values leading to the Revolution was the ideas of the Enlightenment, which helped lead to the American independence. One of the major ideas of the Enlightenment, which lead to the American Revolution was that people should not believe in something just because that was how things had always been. The Enlightenment encouraged Americans to reject the ideas of monarchy and the ideas of the Enlightenment helped give Americans the idea that they should become independent. (b) The colonists were paying taxes and debts for goods and these taxes such as; the Stamp Tax and the Tea Act, were seen as completely unnecessary. The American colonists were treated unfairly, they didn't have their rights, therefore,