This act made any official who did not turn in a runaway slave liable to pay a fine; therefore, truly enforcing the law and safeguarding southern property. This also made every Northerner responsible for turning in runaway slaves. In Stephen Douglas’ “Speech Defending the Compromise of 1850” he stated, “Congress, after a protracted session of nearly ten months, succeeded in passing a system of measures, which are believed to be just to all parts of the Republic, and ought to be satisfactory to the People. ”7 Douglas believed by making this concession, the south would remain a part of the union.
1. “How did Lincoln and Johnson each approach reconstruction?” Johnson did not have Lincoln’s moral sense and political judgement when it came to reconstruction. “As wartime president, Lincoln had offered amnesty to all but high-ranking Confederates” (464). Lincoln had proposed that when ten percent of a rebellious states voters had sworn loyalty (taken an oath), then the state would be restored to the Union as long as it had approved the thirteenth amendment to abolish slavery.
The Spanish monarchy relinquished colonial power over Mexico in 1821. After gaining independence, Mexico established legislatures, including the abolition of slavery (Document D). The abolition of slavery would lead to a mass controversy and essentially a war. Before the Mexican War, a mass influx of United States, immigrants had entered Texas (Document D). Defying Mexican legislature, citizens in the western and southern parts of the United States saw Texas as an economic miracle to sell slaves.
President Andrew Johnson had tried to veto the Civil RIghts Act of 1865 but it was overturned and the act became a Law. President Johnson’s attitude toward this led to the growth of the Radical Republican Movement and it also increased intervention in the South, more help to former slaves and also to Johnson’s impeachment. The Black Code, Freedman’s Bureau, and the Bill of 1865 are all prime examples of how the African American’s have freedom. In 1865, the Civil War ended offering more freedoms to all African American
This was significant because Douglass was an important figure of human rights and fought hard to gain black suffrage. July 30, 1866 - Ku Klux Klan The Ku Klux Klan was established in Tennessee to intimidate African Americans. Another goal was to restore white rule. April 9, 1866- Congress pass the Civil Rights Act
During the civil war, many Americans lost and risked their lives to fight for their beliefs, emancipating the slaves or the White supremacy. The civil war resulted with the freedom of slaves and the period of Reconstruction (1865-1877). The Reconstruction tried to solve the problem of what would happen to the freed men and how the government would reintegrate the Southern States into the Union. Both of the said events caused social, political, and economic changes to American society.
Dred Scott was taken back into slavery and accused Sandford because Scott was in a free states and claimed that he was in the free state long enough to be a free slave. The Supreme court ruled against Dred Scott, this decision affected blacks preventing them to become citizens and an giving them the right to appeal to a jury and making it harder for a slave to escape because the free states didn’t make a runaway slave a free slave. The case also affected popular sovereignty. Where states got to choose if they were to be a free states or a slave
The Northern Whigs joined the newly formed Republican Party whilst the Southern Whigs moved into the Democratic Party. In 1854, the Republican Party was formed, as a result to a resistance to compromise with the South. The economic interests of the North and Mid-West comprised of supporting higher tariffs, subsidies for railroad expansion, and strongly opposing to the expansion of slavery in the territories. The differences between the North and the South over railroad policy, the tariff, and the expansion of slavery into the territories became more and more serious with every
However, that only further benefited Slave states. Slavery was disputed again when Northern states wanted the government to have complete power over trade with the other nations. Southern states depended heavily on trade and feared that the North would get enough votes to interfere with their slave and agricultural
On Mar. 3, 1820, the bill had passed and prohibited slavery in the Louisiana territory, but there was an exception for the state Missouri. Also, this legislation made the 36°30 parallel line a line of division. Basically, anything below the parallel line had the freedom to become a slave state and anything above it would be a free state. This became that start of the sectional conflict. As the years continue on, it doesn’t get better, but only worse.
Before 1820, political strain grew between the slave and free states. Since the United States had eleven slave states and eleven free states, any new state would cause unequal representation in the Senate. The North, also known as the Union, wanted all new states admitted to not have any slavery. The South, or the Confederacy needed all new
The book also stated that this led to a stronger slave law (Faragher, 363). The Fugitive Slave Law helped lead toward the civil war as well. This was because the law that was stated increased the power of slave owners to capture the escaped slaves (Faragher, 366). During this time the South was threatening to leave the Union due to
If there was no split, the Civil War could have been prevented. This was called the sectional crisis between the North and the South. The North believed that slavery was immoral and wrong whereas the South depended on their slaves. The Mexican-American War was the start of the Civil War.
In the era before the Civil War America was expanding westward. The Louisiana Purchase and other lands gained help to give America new land to expand on, but this leaded to issues with the division of free and slave states. As Missouri became a state they wanted to become a slave state, which caused trouble. In order to keep equilibrium between the states, Congress came up with the Missouri Compromise of 1820.The Missouri Compromise made Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state. The Treaty also made a line within the Louisiana Territory to keep slavery from moving up the
As westward expansion continued, the number of free states would be twice that of the already existing, and only, slave states. The Missouri compromise showed the different opinions that the regions, mainly the north and south, had about slavery. In the north they