How To Learn English Language

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A. Background of the Problem Language has a central role in the development of intellectual, social, and emotional learners. It supports the success in learning all fields of the study. Learning the language is expected to help learners to know them, their culture, and other cultures. In addition, learning language also helps learners are able to express ideas and feelings, participate in society, and use an analytical and imaginative ability that was in theirs. According to Crystal (2001: 1) said that English is a global language. It means that English is used by people in all over the world as a medium of communication. In addition, Crystal (1997) stated that the English language spread and used nearly a quarter…show more content…
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students. It is useful because the ability to communicate with foreign language, especially English clearly and efficiently contributes to the success of the students at school and success later in every period of students’…show more content…
In young learners’ class, especially elementary school students, Teachers usually find problems in teaching this subject. In general, their problems were related to low motivation, boring with learning, bad study habit, and bad attitudes toward learning. However, external factors, such as the classroom condition also hampered them in learning English in the classroom, Most of the students had problems in learning English language skills especially speaking. In general, the problems of students related to learning to speak can be divided into four main groups: First, students feel shy to speak English. Second, students often use their native language. Third, students don’t have enough information on the topics discussed. Fourth, students feel a lack of linguistic and verbal resources for solving the given task. According to Ur (1996), there are many factors that cause difficulty in speaking, and they are as follows: 1. Inhibition. Students are worried about making mistakes, fearful of criticism, or simply shy. 2. Nothing to say. Students have no motive to express themselves. 3. Low or uneven participation. Only one participant can talk at a time because of large classes and the tendency of some students to dominate, while others speak very little or not at

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