By giving the offender adequate guidance to ease the transition into society, but also giving them some independence and control over their own lives, COSA helps offenders reintegrate with significant success. The program also ensures that, throughout all of this, the community as a whole remains safe and secure. COSA, “has the dual role of providing [the offender] with support through the very hostile response from the community and monitoring [their] behavior to ensure that the community was kept safe” (Clarke et al, p. 3). By addressing the community’s needs as well as the offender’s, the program generates impressive results even when the community is initially reluctant to allow offender re-entry. COSA’s multidimensional process allows offenders to reintegrate into society safely and successfully, while also keeping the community safe.
In terms of public safety, only 3% of individuals who were involved in treatment programs committed violent crimes after treatment; this number doubles for those who were sentenced to jail and prisons. New York has made the necessary changes to start viewing The War on Drugs and its influence on Mass Incarceration as not only a criminal justice issue but also now a mental health and public health problem. From the beginning, stakeholders saw the flaws and have spent about 36 years working out the issues. The reform is a good stepping stone toward a more just system, but just as the original Rockefeller drug Laws had their issues, the new reforms will have issues that will be worked out through the years to
Since 1960s, some U.S. states have maintained old rules or tightened them, while others have granted more rights. Today, people actually sitting in prison lose the right to vote in 48 of the 50 states (all except Maine and Vermont). Denying the right to vote to an entire class of citizens is deeply problematic to a democratic society and counterproductive to effective reentry into being a human with ‘civic duties’. But current prisoners only represent about one-fourth of the 6.1 million disenfranchised. The rest are either probationers under supervision in their communities, or people on parole after serving their prison sentences from soup to nuts.
What can be done The monitoring, prevention and treatment of mental disorders, as well as the promotion of good mental health, are part of the public health goals in prisons. According to World Health Organization (2017), even in resource-limited countries, measures can be taken to improve the mental health of prisoners and prison staffs, which can be adapted to the country’s cultural, social, political and economic environment (WHO, 2017). In the British prisons, some practices and policies have also been implemented, which reflect the positive impacts of prisoners’ mental health and wellbeing. Provide prisoners with appropriate mental health treatment and care.
There are actually many intricacies associated in a mental health court process. For instance, there are “probations, parole, the courts, jails, the community health system…” involve in the cases, which is difficult to manage, especially, for someone with a mental disorder (Docgurley, 2011). Simply penalizing accused mentally ill people will not help them become better, so through this court system, they can maintain their human rights and have the support they require to improve their condition. Mental health court, thus, is a sufficient system because it will not incarcerate and isolate indicted mentally ill
Rehabilitative approach give a second chance for offender to go back to the community but they fist need to tread their addiction on drugs, to prevent them to re-use drugs and provide them with counseling to help them deal with problems and receive treatment. Some individuals may take months in treatment and counseling regardless of all the help they receive they go back on drugs and all the effort, time and money that was used to rehabilitate it was not enough to prevent them from re-use drugs. The punitive approach use in United State send people in jail or prison for the illegally use of drugs in which can cost millions of dollar to house offender. On the other hand, punitive approach it will be useful to violent offender who represent risk
Mentally Ill Offenders in prisons. Mentally ill Offenders in prison who suffer from a range of problems like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism and many more have to go through the problems where they can not get treatment or enough treatment in prisons and then the attitudes of some of the officers and other inmates. Of 132 suicide attempts in the Washington county jail 77% of the individuals who attempted had chronic psychiatric problems and American prisons and jails housed an estimated 356,268 inmates with several mental illnesses in 2012. The mentally ill inmates that get sent to jail are sent to their own wing in the prison where they and other mentally ill inmates are separated and put into cells and given medication for their disorder
Also Medicare, Medicaid and health insurance providers didn’t cover a patient stay at a mental health hospital. This was great for the people who received the help they need to function in our society. However is was bad for other who didn’t received adequate support and treatment in ended up in our into our corrections system. In 2009 to 2012 Illinois was one of ten states in the country that cut mental health funding by 32%. This was an attempts to fix the state’s fiscal crisis.
People often are guilty of letting things that are out of sight be out of their mind, but human rights should not be something overlooked. The imprisoned mentally ill has been often overlooked and there voices are not heard as they struggle everyday in inhumane conditions. The eight amendment states that no cruel and unusual punishments is to be inflicted upon the prisoners. Is the United Sates prison systems treating mentally ill prisoners according to the eight amendment? The largest prison rates belong to the United states and of those imprisoned, around the world, they are ten times more likely to be suffering from a mental illness (Mills, 2007).
There are many benefits to the Insite program but I believe that the rehabilitation that is provided, is the most significant in terms of improving the lives of people with addiction. The reason that I think this is the most important is that it is the first step on the road to recovery. At Insite they provide support given by former addicts which is beneficial. This is important for people with addictions, because they will be able to connect with individuals who have struggled with similar issues.
Many people feel that if you have committed a crime that you stay inside jail until you have completed your entire sentence. People with assault, theft, burglary, and drug convictions return within three years due to the fact that not many people who are released into the work program and who are put on parole are
Deterrence and Recidivism Crime prevention is a key aim of the criminal justice system. Offenders are incarcerated in prisons in a expectation that they will feel punished enough to learn from their mistakes and not commit further crimes, this is called deterrence and is a main goal of prisons today (Daly, 2003). Prisons in their current form are often overcrowded, anxiety inducing, restrictive and have been found to exacerbate the mental health of offenders (Matthews, 2016). In saying this, research by Crank and Brezina (2012) suggests that some offenders find prison ‘easier than being on the street’. Crank and Brezina (2012) conducted a study where they surveyed a large group of inmates and questioned them on their views of being incarcerated.
For everything in life there is a consequence. Growing up we learn how those consequences can vary. These consequences can start very small, starting as a child we learn not to touch the stove or else we might get burned, or to respect our parents otherwise we would get a timeout where we would have to think about our actions that got us the punishment. Whatever punishment it was, they all had one thing in common. And that thing is the fact that we learned from our mistakes.