How To Prevent Road Safety Essay

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According to the World Health Organization (WHO) 1.25 million deaths occur and 20 - 50 million more people suffer non-fatal injuries every year globally due to road crashes. Nine countries account for over 60% of global road traffic deaths: Brazil, Cambodia, China, India, Kenya, Mexico, Russian Federation, Turkey and Viet Nam. The five risk factors for these road crashes are speeding, drink &driving, not wearing helmets, not wearing seat belts, distraction and not using child restraints. During these days of globalisation road crashes have emerged as a serious public health problem in the world and also in India. India has only 1 % of world vehicles population but accounts for 10% of world road crashes. In India, road crashes are associated with nearly half a million injuries each year and an average 130 000 deaths (the highest number of road fatalities in the world). Approximately 1,374 crashes and 400 deaths take place every day on Indian roads which…show more content…
Increases in speed will increases the chance of a road crash. One of way to reduce road crash in our country is by reduce speed of the motor vehicles and by reducing speed there will be significant reductions in road traffic crashes in country. According to WHO for every 1km/h reduction in average speed, there is a 2% reduction in the number of crashes. In urban areas, with with high number of pedestrians and cyclists, there is need for reducing speed for the safety of road users. At present, in India there is diversity in speed limits used for particular vehicle types, and type of road. Overall, within Indian towns the speed limit is 50 km/h. For automobiles and motorcycles on a single carriageway it is set at 80 km/h; when driving on expressways/motorways it is also 80 km/h. Trucks or automobiles with trailers are limited to 65 km/h, and roads outside built-up areas are set at 50

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