Around 3 million people got effected by this earthquake 316 thousand people died and and the rest injured, and this also made around 1 million people homeless. Trying to find a place to sleep and have shelter in a small town which has just been struck by and earthquake is almost impossible especially when 300 thousand residential estate where destroyed or damaged including government buildings as well as 50-70 hospitals and 1,300 schools. Getting supplies wasn 't that easy because the transportation and communication links where almost all destroyed and the airport control tower was badly damaged and not in working condition. Many countries immediately appeals for humanitarian aid, sending funds and medical teams, engineers and support
The wind started blowing, causing several dust storms. The drought and dust storms made life difficult for farmers in the Midwest for ten years. People who could no longer make payments for their houses got kicked out and their homes were then owned by the bank. Their belongings were auctioned off to the highest bidder and the families loaded up whatever they had left and drove away. Many people, however, were determined to stay behind and live through the “Dust Bowl”.
America was thrown into desperation as the stock market crumbled, marking the official beginning of the worst economic crash in the history of the world. Banks shut down, people became bankrupt and the number of unemployed reached one-quarter of the workforce. Farmers needed to produce more goods for the same amount of money; which led to a huge seven-year drought. ‘The dirty thirties.’ When thousands of workers migrated to California with a hope of achieving ‘The American Dream.’ Steinbeck was interested in those who strived for a better life and those who had hopes and dreams. George and Lennie have these dreams, the dream to “get a little stake” and to “live off the fatta the lan’” But what binds them together is their trust that keeps them moving.
The 1930s were the turning point of Native American life. Due to segregation against Native Americans and other non-white ethnic groups, unemployment for native americans was already very high, but as the stock market crashed and as many jobs instantly disappeared, the work opportunities for the Natives Americans were utterly eradicated. Unemployment rates for the Natives rose so high that most were left jobless and stranded in poverty. Reservations, most already in horrible conditions, began to deteriorate to even lower levels. The crisis for the United States was arguably even more devastating on the other ethnic groups.
This act made many people who owned farms unemployed and they lost their farms and also there houses. When their farms got ruined they knew that they continue their life there. So many of them migrated to California. “Around the 1940’s more than 2.5 million people had decided to leave the states that were affected by the Dust Bowl. About 10 percent of the population from the states decided to move to California”
People like foreigners and women were presented with challenges on their journey. In fact, in 1882 the campaign to restrict immigration created the federal Chinese Exclusion Act, which stopped the Chinese from migrating for 10 years. This prevented the Chinese from achieving the American Dream for that time period. Also, the government placed a tax on immigrant mining, charging them $500 a month, in this time (Maranzani). Women also had a difficult time during the Gold Rush.
This act made many people who owned farms unemployed and they lost their farms and also there houses. When their farms got ruined they knew that they continue their life there. So many of them migrated to California.“By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Dust Bowl states and started to head toward the states by the Pacific” (John Steinbeck). I believe that California was a place that would attract unemployed farm workers from the Dust Bowl states because they could start a new life there it also is a easy way to find farm jobs because of its agriculture, climate, and the easiness of getting water.
Gold Rush Nuggets’ edition “5 Little-Known Facts about the California Gold Rush” also claims, “[the] population of 150,000 Indians dramatically dropped to just 30,000, with only 20% of the original population staying intact.” Clearly, the gold rush’s idea of Manifest Destiny and everyone being entitled to their “claimed land” left negative impacts on Native Americans and essentially wiped out most tribes. While the idea of Manifest Destiny during the gold rush did lead to exploration and immigration, it also lead to environmental issues and the termination of several Native American
Following the floods of the 1880s, authorities failed to act because the cycle of dry years and mild winters was present. Over the next two decades, Los Angeles’ population reached 500,000, in great part due to the presence of railroads facilitating moving to the area. However, El Niño of 1913-14 proved to be a very damaging and costly event. This flood covered thousands of acres south of Los Angeles. This was the flood that convinced authorities that something had to be done as the damage to infrastructure and homes exceeded $20 million (around $400 million in current figures).
Following the roaring twenties era, due to many factors, an economic crisis occurred. This crisis has now been named the Great Depression. Dust storms and bank foreclosures displaced people from their jobs and homes. In an attempt to start over and get far away from their now ruined lives, tens of thousands of landowners from the southwest fled to California. John Steinbeck writes about this conflict in his novel, The Grapes of Wrath.
Events occurring in the early 1600’s would rescript American history immensely as approximately 100 Europeans migrated across the ocean to this land. Albeit a costly venture, countless pilgrims’ yearning for religious freedoms left them conjuring ways to escape the oppression set forth. While others, mainly convicted criminals, forced out and shipped over as servants. This, the beginning of immigration in America. By the 1800’s, millions of impoverished Irish, Germans and Asians fled to North America in search of gold in California as well as land purchases for farming.
The Federal Government’s Duty At this point in time, the Great Depression was in full effect and the Dust Bowl had just occurred and actually created an entirely new wave of migrant farm workers. Lands in Oklahoma, Nebraska, Kansas, and Texas were destroyed causing its people to move westward towards California, the land of opportunity, and achieve the American dream; which essentially was to make lots of money and live a comfortable lifestyle. All in all, it was the federal government’s duty to do more to help those in need. American immigrants went into California in search of employment that would help feed their families. The low-income families would work for minimal wages as there were plenty of laborers in the town because of increased
Furthermore, they could not grow any crops which meant could not afford to pay their rent; as a result, they had to flee from their land to give their families and themselves a better living conditions. Seeing this conditions, about 200,000 families fled to California to provide for their families. In The Grapes of Wrath; which was published in 1939, John Steinbeck is clearly influenced by the historical events that were occurring around him. This dust filled experience inspired Steinbeck, to