World War 2 and its Effect on American Society The 1930’s witnessed the rise of aggressive, totalitarian regimes. After World War 1, Germany became a fascist state under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, Mussolini started to gain political control of Italy, and Imperial Japan became ever more aggressive to its Asian neighbors. This was all leading up to a global conflict. With Germany invading Poland in 1939, the world was again in a state war.
In “Women at Work,” an article adapted from the work of La Verne Bradley published in the August 1944 edition of National Geographic Magazine, the strength and perseverance of women during war times is explored. Prior to World War II, the workplace was seen as “a no woman’s land” (Bradley, 144, p. 83). During World War II woman began filling their men’s’ shoes more than ever before as they filed into factories (Bradley, 1944, p. 83). “At the same time [as preparing and helping their country with the war], [women] worked hard to keep their homes or set up new ones” (Bradley, 1944, p. 75). Men’s’ Attitudes
Women participated in the military services, got the education to work in skilled labour so that they did much better than before and received popular recognition step by step because of their own hard work. “You learn a lot from living in with a group of girls; we were all much enriched by the experience. Better people for it. You were not just yourself, you behaved, became party of something much bigger than yourself.” Sheila McClemans in Patsy Adam-Smith Australian Women at war said.
Yet, women were expected to set aside their personal beliefs to insure that America could still make further advancements without its men. However, women still complied because they knew the responsibility laid with them to keep the nation running. Still, much of propaganda had a purpose to motivate women to lend a helping hand in the war. As Susan Mathis said, “The patriotic appeal had two aspects… ‘do your part’... ‘a soldier may die if you don’t do your part’...”
Childs’ important “opportunity” comes in being able to work in a non-racialized environment, but more importantly, it provided working class women with a higher wage in order to free them from Middle class servitude as domestic servants in the patriarchal household. In this manner, the white female workers of WWII factories were able to escape low paying jobs, but at the same time, they were able to avoid the pitfalls of domestic servitude in the domestic sphere of middle class
The second World War resulted in a demand for workers after men began leaving for the war. Due to a lot of the working men in America going overseas as well as the demand for war products, women became a major source of labor. Propaganda began to address women, persuading them that it was their duty to start working for the men. The film The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter gives personal accounts of some of the hardships women faced in the era surrounding WWII, and how the media was used to create a desire for women to work.
Women played an important roles during World War II throughout the world; they gave their time, energy, and some even gave their lives. The War also transformed women's roles in the workplace and society, but for many, it did not last forever. Many had to do work that men did before the war. However, most of the works needed professional and outstanding skills.
People started many to be judged based on their ancestor 's many people had to sell their homes or business for prices that were lower than they originally were.(document 5) According to document 3, during the war people will hold scrap metal drives. In order to make tanks, ships, planes, and weapons it required a lot of metal. Americans were told to turn in all of the extra scrap metal. These pieces of scrap metal were all used to make military weapons for the war.
After WWII, society took a drastic change for the better in America. America had just gone through the Great Depression, which was the deepest decline in America’s whole history and everyone was affected. Numerous people lost their jobs and were no longer able to afford basic necessities like a house, food, and water. Many could no longer support their families and had nothing. This was all in result of the market crashing, sending the economy into a downward spiral. Shortly after, WWII came around and it pulled the economy back up by providing jobs for people. Not only did it provide jobs, but it also changed the way people lived and the ideas of consumerism. People now had more money to spend on things they wanted, rather than barely being able to afford necessities. The transformation of American society after WWII can be seen through suburbanization, the GI Bill, the automobile, effects of consumerism on society
He focuses on the roles and contributions of women and children towards the war efforts of World War II. (b) Articles Witkowski, T. H. (2003). World War II Poster Campaigns: Preaching Frugality to American Consumers. Journal of Advertising, 32(1), 69-82.
The word fashion design, the fabrication of fashionable clothes, originated from Paris, France. Paris was known to influence fashion and it also had names like fashion capital, fashion became more influential in the nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Jen Viegas claims that individuals first wore clothing about 170,000 years ago after the “second-to-last ice age.” Scientific researchers performed on lice’s DNA because of the relation between clothes and lice. The first, fashion designed piece was a dress, History of Fashion states that the royal court was the original inspiration for the expansion of the dress, the royal court would often get their pieces made anonymously. Sue Taylor states that there are two types of classification
But what is rarely mentioned is all the behind the scenes work women were responsible for while men were off fighting in the military. The war disrupted their ordinary lives, and the everyday roles men were employed in needed to be filled. Women throughout the United States assumed untraditional roles to so that life would continue, now being involved in politics, factories, businesses, commanding the household, and helping during
Before the Civil War, women were rarely involved in any part of the war, but during it, women started to help the war effort by becoming nurses, and now by joining the Army. Document 4 is a letter from a war doctor; in her letter, she writes, “my post the open field between the bullet and the hospital... I write letters home for wounded soldiers, not political addresses.” As women like Clara Barton become more willing to help in wartime, they get more opportunities to become involved; whether being a nurse or a disguised soldier. Another example of this willingness is shown in Document 7; it is a photo of Eleanor Roosevelt speaking with American soldiers in the Galapagos Islands.