Child labour was definitely a violation of children’s rights. However, Oxford 's Professor Jane Humphries research shows that The British Industrial Revolution could not have occurred without Child labour, for children in factories provided "free labour". This meant that they worked all day and in exchange received as little as food and shelter. Consequently, production costs of businesses were lowered which in the long run, helped them to prosper and succeed in the industry, building Britain’s strong economy. Therefore, in order for Britain to be where it is today, as one of the biggest economic powers in the world, the childhood of hundreds of children had to be
The Industrial Revolution Progress in technology and economy led to big changes in society during the industrialization. The industrial revolution started in Britain at the end of 17th century, and caused increasing population, wealth and power. How was the working conditions for, people and children? How was the living conditions for the less wealthy? What caused the urbanization?
It started out mostly in today’s developed and industrialized countries, children were used as industrial labourers due to the constraints of families in not being able to provide better for them. The conditions under their work during this period were harsh with long hours and it was a formed of economic contribution to their household. However, in recent years due to structural measures taken by institutions such as the ILO and UN through the CRC and UNHRD, they exist in a lesser measure than in the developing countries of the global South. On the contrary, the prevalence of child labour in Asia is enormous as it acts as an alternate coping mechanisms for poor families.
The average life a person lives in this time period comes easy. Though we may have certain struggles, they don’t compare to the daily problems of lower class throughout the Victorian Era. Of course, there were many successful people during this time, poverty became a huge issue for the common family. Shortage issues influenced adults as well as the children. All ages got the enjoyment of life stolen from them in this rigid era.
It started before the beginning of the Civil War and ended around 1950. Production of goods moved from home businesses, which involved a lot of manual and hands on labor, to machine-aided production in factories. This meant that people were relying on factories/machines for their products. This revolution, which involved major changes in transportation, manufacturing, and communications, transformed the daily lives of Americans more than any single event in U.S. history. The Industrial Revolution tends to be viewed in two separate parts; The 1st Industrial Revolution, before the Civil War, and the 2nd Industrial Revolution, after the Civil War.
After the Enlightenment and the revolutionary period, ideas were combined, and new ones were formed. Capitalism, democracy, and social mobility became more than just ideals enlightenment thinkers had. Agriculture and labor changed especially. This period of changes was called the industrial revolution. Despite the negative impacts of industrialization, such as pollution and the poor living conditions people suffered in slums, there were many overall successes.
Pros #1 Child labor is very important towards poor families who need extra help bringing food and money in the house. Most children under the age of ten start working in order to help bring in a decent amount of money in order to help their parents and siblings survive. Children are not incompetent; most realize when their parents are struggling to make ends meat, they try to help out as much as they can and most decided that, even though they are young, they have to start doing more therefore most decide to start working. The jobs they receive often don’t pay much so in order to have higher pay most children work for hours on end in order to bring in more money especially if they come from extremely poor families. “Victor chapani started working when he was 10- a few hours a day- rounding up passengers minibuses in his impoverished city of El Alto, Bolivia... earning less than a dollar an hour… “United,” he says, sounding like a seasoned adult laborite, “we as child workers can achieve anything.”
The life of a victorian servant was extremely hard. But, a lot of them considered themselves to be lucky because they had food to eat and a roof over their heads regardless of how much they got paid. They were all very desperate and in need of money but this went a pretty long way in sustaining them. Additionally, many began service at very young ages and were conditioned to accept this as the natural order of things. Servants were put into the lowest positions in large houses at very young ages, even kids as low as 8-10 years old.
Discrimination on grounds of gender, race, and religion or ethic group also plays a part in why some children work. Children are often employed and exploited because compared to adults they are more vulnerable, cheaper to hire and are less likely to demand higher wages or better working conditions. Some employers falsely argue that children are particularly suited to types of work because of their small size and “nimble fingers”. For many children school is not an option. Education can be expensive and some parents feel that what their children will learn is irrelevant to the realities of their everyday lives and futures.
This created the modern weekend. Despite the fact that almost everyone had a job, the general population was poor. This lead to Children as young as eight needing to dropout of school and get a job.(Victorian era) Children would get jobs in factories like chasing items underneath large machinery.. This was very dangerous and it was not uncommon for a child to lose a limb or die.(Victorian era) They also got jobs as coal mine workers and chimney sweeps because they were small and could fit places adults couldn’t go.(Victorian era) These jobs were also dangerous because sometimes kids would get stuck and die.
The industrial revolution was a time when humans started to use machines instead of raw manpower. Instead of goods being made in people's homes they were now made in large factories. Exportation of goods increased and so did ways to export them. Steam engines, textile mills and other machines were invented during this time. For factory owners and businessmen life was good because they would make a large profit from the factories production but for the factory workers life was horrible.