Howard Gardner Multiple Intelligences Theory

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The following section includes a description of the different types of intelligences included in Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory; further, this segment will address research studies on the effects of MI on education and how it can be applied to the area of EFL teaching. Howard Gardner developed the concept of MI in 1983, in his book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple intelligences, Gardner describes the existence of different types of human intelligence (Gardner, 1993). Armstrong (2009) examines Gardner’s theory of MI and describes eight types of intelligence which are described below: The first one is Linguistic Intelligence: This type of intelligence involves speaking, reading and writing. Linguistic intelligence ‘‘includes…show more content…
Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence involves the ability to communicate ideas and emotions through the use of one’s own body, as well as the ability to manipulate objects skillfully (p.7). The fourth one is Visual-Spatial intelligence: It is related to images and spatial perception. For Armstrong (2009) ‘‘This intelligence involves sensitivity to color, line, shape, form, space, and the relationships that exist between these elements’’ (p.7). Undoubtedly, this intelligence is related to the capacity to understand the world in which one live. Also, this intelligence is characterized by the facility to have an accurate representation of the visual-spatial world and the ability to transform aspects of this representation (Armstrong, 2009,…show more content…
To illustrate, an article by Adcock (2014) pronounces the importance of the use of multiple intelligences in the classroom. The article describes that teachers consider useful the use of multiple intelligences in the classroom due to the fact that they can determine how students learn better (p.50). In this article Adcock considers the differences of each student and mentions that, “an important aspect of considering the diversity of the learner is recognizing that each person has several ways in which he or she learns best’’ (p.50). Certainly, if students are involved in a class in which there is a variety of activities focus on the different MI, they will find that their strengths will help them to receive the knowledge
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