HOWARD GARDNER: MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE Multiple Intelligence: Howard Gardner (1943-current) originally identified and stated that there are 7 (later 9) specific types of intelligence. Gardner argued that students across a broad scale would retain information better if the information was displayed in a number of ways, due to the fact that an individual’s cognitive ability varies in the different types of multiple
Gardner found that there are eight intelligences and could possibly be more. Howard Gardner attended the University of Harvard, he was originally going to study history. After he attended a year at London school of economics. He started Harvard’s developmental psychology doctoral program in 1966 and became part of the Project Zero research team (a long-term study of human intellectual and creative development). His interest in human cognition was influenced by his tutor Erik Erikson.
Grouping can have far-reaching effects on students learning and thus careful decisions should be made. More than just, flexibility should be allowed in ability grouping so that the need of different students could be catered. For example, it is suggested that the high-achieving and low-achieving homogeneous groups can interact occasionally so that students are able to learn from each other and acquire non-academic skills. In this way, a more positive image of ability grouping and education can be created in
It helps children to build the skills of making choices, problem solving and independent decisions making. This builds the foundation for their adult life. Some benefits of self-determination for people with SEN: • When children show that they can make things happen and take responsibility for them it helps others change their view of them. • When they make decisions themselves it, rather than having others make choices for them helps build their self-esteem, self-worth and
Most of the time, education systems are surrounded by positive upbeat caring teachers which encourages children to learn which increases their brain growth and development. Education increases children’s social development, but also can hurt a child’s social development if there is a problem with bullies. It raises a child’s cognitive skill by introducing new ideas, skills, concepts and opportunities. Education has a positive effect on child’s brain growth and development
Intelligence is a complex topic. Howard and Sternberg have been quite successful in helping spread the knowledge about the meaning of intelligence and application of this knowledge to education. There is no clear agreement as to what constitutes IQ or how to measure it. There is an extensive and continually growing collection of research on the topic. Intelligence is a combination of the ability to learn: this includes all kind of formal and informal learning, pose problem: recognizing problem situations and transforming them into more clearly defined problems, and lastly, solve problems: accomplishing task, fashioning products, and doing complex projects.
He believes that children are active learners who gain knowledge from their surroundings. Children learn through taking in there surrounding and modifications, and multiple cognitive development occurs through collaboration. Piaget’s thinks that children and adolescent’s cognitive development explains the changes in logical thinking. • In addition to what we have learned about Vygotsky, know that he is identified with a guiding metaphor of the child as apprentice. Vygotsky
Developmentally Appropriate Practice is seen with focused activities, as well as social learning on the child’s own. By incorporating Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories into teaching strategies in early childhood classrooms, student learning is likely to increase. While Piaget and Vygotsky 's theories offer insight into Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the classroom, other theorists such as Dewey and Bandura offer even more supporting evidence for DAP. John Dewey was a pragmatist. Pragmatists believe that reality must be experienced, and so forth believed that human beings learn through a
By applying the nine-step model for lessons, the educator ensures that they are creating an effective learning program, this is due to the structure of the model. The consequence of this can be a holistic style of teaching, which essentially encourages autonomy within the learners. However, as with every theory and model, there are advantages and disadvantages to using Gagne’s conditions of learning. The final edition of the book was published in 1985 so is considered out of date now, which could affect the reliability of the contents and model. This is primarily due to the rapid advancements in technology since the last edition was published.
Prater, Serna, and Nakamura (1999) found that it may appear that children with learning disabilities have the same number of social interactions as their peers without disabilities, but they differ in the quality of conversation. Social skills training has been predicted to help academic success. These trainings cover a horizon of social skills that can reflect over to help children with their learning difficulties. These skills include problem solving, friendship development, conversation skills, planning skills, and dealing with emotions and feelings. In addition, basic skills such as asking a question, apologizing, learning to listen, and introducing yourself to others can be such as small skill that has a huge impact on helping children have success interpersonally.