Howard Hughes: The Various Perspectives Of Personality

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The Various Perspectives of Personality
There have been numerous studies of the factors that can affect a person’s personality. Typically, these studies always reflected on what role a child’s early life played in their adult personalities. The character of Howard Hughes from the movie The Aviator was a fitting example of the many effective factors (Scorsese, 2004). This paper’s purpose is to examine and describe theories such as the psychoanalysis perspective, physiological perspective, and biological perspective of personality traits.
Psychoanalysis Perspective
Erik Erikson was a student of Freud whose approach to psychoanalysis was called ego psychology (Larsen & Buss, 2008). It is believed that ego was the most powerful part of a personality.
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Robert Cloninger’s tridimensional personality model, there are three personality traits which are tied to the three neurotransmitters (Larsen & Buss, 2008). The first trait is novelty seeking. This trait shows to have low levels of dopamine. Individuals with low levels of dopamine strive to provide experiences to increase the dopamine. The experiences for this trait could include excitement and thrills. The second trait is identified as harm avoidance. This trait was associated with abnormalities in the serotonin metabolism. Low serotonin levels could result in depression but when serotonin became elevated, it was the result of anxiety or stress. While anxiety may increase, vulnerability may decrease which could lead to overreacting to stress. High harm avoidance in individuals is described as cautious, inhibited, and apprehensive. The individuals are on constant lookout for threatening events because they had expected harmful events will happen to them. The third trait is identified as reward dependence. This last trait was related to low norepinephrine. Individuals who are high on this trait tend to be persistent. To produce rewards, they work long hours and continue to strive after others had given up. According to Cloninger, the functional interaction of these three dimensions lead to integrated patterns of behavior (Strandbygaard & Jensen,…show more content…
There were three main traits that were included in the model. The traits were extraversion-introversion (E), neuroticism-emotional stability (N), and psychoticism (P). According to Eysenck, these dimensions were not just how people described themselves or how they were described, but how people behaved as well (Revelle, 2016). It was the belief that all three of these traits were moderate in heredity. Individuals who were high on the introvert scale were usually well organized and preferred a strict routine. They were often seen as aloof or distant. Individuals who scored high on neuroticism were worriers, as well as frequently anxious and distressed. The individual would tend to be moodier and overreact to negative emotions. Those who scored high on psychoticism were usually aggressive, impulsive, and anti-social. The individual would be aggressive verbally and physically. Negative symptoms of these traits were more severe and persistent over time (Piskulic, et al.,

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