There were lots of people in the zoo; I think probably was on Sunday. I am afraid that I don’t have enough time to observation all three of primate species, so I straight went to the sites. I noticed that the habitats of these primates are very similar. They all live in very large and sparse environments
If we take notice, primates’ enclosures in zoos are usually designed to be similar between species. Branches are everywhere, they are usually outdoors, and the size is usually large. But non-human primates varied in distinctiveness. They prefer diverse type of environment, diet, branches, objects, and so on. Not all primates like to be in the outdoors and in a large size enclosure.
Humans have been examining and studying non-human primates for ages in an attempt to further understand the reasoning behind human behavior and base instinct. While it would be ideal to study non-human primates in the wild, away from possible interference from human civilization, that is often not the case, especially for students, and in this case the non-human primates have been observed within captivity. Specifically, the species observed were the Tufted Capuchin monkey (Cebus apella) and the common squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) at the Living Links to Human Evolution Research Centre in Edinburgh Zoo. The tufted capuchin monkey is most commonly found within the neotropical regions of South America including: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Suriname,
(170). b. Primates have a wide variety of residence patterns, divided according to the number of adult males and females present in the group. Primate residence patterns, or social groups, are strongly influenced by factors such as food availability, environment, and competition (196). The six main types of residence patterns are, one-male/multifemale, one-female/multimale, multimale/mulitfemale, all-male, one-male/one-female, and solitary residence patterns. One-male,
Due to the intellectual level of primates there parenting skills differ from other mammals. Primates birth fewer off spring than other mammals because there births are spaced out over time to account for teaching and nurturing the newborns. Primates tend to take much better care of there infants with mothering qualities due to there intelligence which is far different than other mammals who sometimes give birth and leave there young. Primates care for there offspring much more than other mammals and do things that more closely resemble the care humans have when it comes to parenting as oppose to animals like dolphins and other mammals. There are six types of social groups which primates follow.
The DNA of humans and chimpanzees are almost exactly the same. They can have feelings like anger, love, happiness and fear. Chimpanzees also have hands with thumbs! Chimpanzees have their own way of communication even though they cannot speak, Jane was able to communicate by learning what their different noises meant. One example is chimps greeted each other by hugging and kissing one another.
In this specific method, data must be observed and recorded based on a predetermined set of behaviors. This type of sampling method was more helpful than the social ethogram because it gave an overall analysis on their behavior and gave us the most information depicting how they would act if they were in the wild. While the social ethogram barely worked because squirrel monkeys tend to be a pretty independent animals with occasional but very rare interactions, for example, fighting or cuddling with their mothers. When we took the data barely anything showed up because none of their calls would really be useful being captivated, like their specific snake
They are also extremely useful in combat, helping to push away enemies from behind with strong force and even squeeze prey or their opponent to death. The Levela tail has a lot of strength, even though it doesn't look like it. In addition to these uses, the tail is also the dominant tell in ranking and who is the "top dog" in the packs. Like wolves, Levela live and travel in packs. Each Levela also has a different ranking, determining where in the pack the Levela stays at.
The arboreal hypothesis, put forth by Smith and Jones, explains the primates characteristics as adaptations to a life in trees. Their 3d perceiving eyes, intelligence, and grasping hands/feet all working in tandem to make swinging from tree to tree more effective. The loss of a developed sense of smell in favor for these adaptations which were more important for the life in the trees. The visual predation hypothesis asserted that the adaptations occurred to enhance the primates abilities to prey on insects/small creatures, which also happened to live in trees or forest undergrowth.
Janni Pederson with the Great Ape Trust of Iowa (2008) believes that language is more than vocalization of information and consists of a combination of interactions, and that is why they possess their own language and can learn new languages with great effort. Pederson (2008) found that language with non-human primates and humans can consist of turn taking, negotiation, pauses, repetition, and sharing of information through use of lexi-grams; not just vocalization. Pederson (2008) noticed that bonobo monkeys were capable of understanding words and conversations humans had and then reacting with this combination of interactions in order to get what they wanted from the humans interacting with them and caring for them. Understanding words being spoken is an important skill found in the bonobo monkeys, but so was the use of these other components of communicating in order to make up a system of language to effectively obtain the results wanted in response to what was being said by the humans, despite the actual inability of the bonobo monkeys to produce human words. Some research has found that while non-human primates may not be able to control vocalization well enough to produce human words, they are still capable of producing certain taught sounds in response to reward encouragement.
The bonobo’s life as a free-living ape will not be the same if nothing is done to save it. The image of the bonobo is extremely remarkable. The bonobo walks on all four legs and swings from branch to branch. It has a height that ranges from 4 to 5.5 feet tall, and a weight range of 70 to 130 pounds (“Chimpanzee” National).
“Geladas are stocky large primates with dark brown to buff coarse pelage and with dark brown faces and lighter, pale eyelids” (Primate). Theropithecus gelada is how scientists categorize the gelada. The highlands of Ethiopia are where they were first observed. Their height is a range of 19.7 to 29.1 inches. Female geladas generally weigh less than males at about 24.3 pounds, while males weigh about 40.8 pounds.