Planning focuses on achieving organizational goals. In general, planning can be classified into three major categories which are strategic planning, tactical planning and operational planning. First type of planning is strategic planning. Strategic planning is an action that identifies and sets priorities activities, focuses energy and resources in the respective departments, strengthens and enhances the firm’s operation,
Palmer, Dunford and Akin identified a number of action steps which must be prioritized in order to erect a change plan. Firstly, the problem must be identified. According, to Palmer, Dunford, and Akin, “an individual in the corporation must become knowledgeable of the issue to be rectified” (Palmer, Dunford, Akin, 2009, pg. 194). An employee, preferably an individual in top management must recognized a problem exist, thus, undertaking the necessary actions to attenuate the
6.2 Create appropriate dissemination processes to gain commitment from stakeholders in an organisation In the implementation of a strategic plan, it is important that the company involves its stakeholders in the change process. This however, should be done with care as stakeholder involvement should be done based on their importance, influence to the change and the degree at which the proposed change will affect them. Peter Senge in his field book ‘Fifth Discipline’ elaborates on the levels of involvement of stakeholder groups based on the importance of the change to the organisation. Source: Change Management Toolbook (2010) Telling – is a situation where the decision has already been made by the company’s management, albeit in the best
Project manager must be able to exert interpersonal influence, excellent communication and strong leadership skills. With the ability to handle stress, problem solving, behavioural characteristics can lead to inspire the project team to succeed and win the confidence of the client. The Project Management Institute defines project management as “the art of directing and coordinating human and material resources through the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve pre-determined goals of scope, cost, time, quality and participant satisfaction” (Smith 2002). Therefore, for a project to be successful, the methodology employed for the execution is very important. Requirements, statement of work, risk assessment and schedule estimates must align when during the initiation of a project.
Similarly, it is also essential to assess the feasibility of the constructed business strategy to determine whether it can be implemented to new product concept development successfully or not. It depicts that for Marks and Spencer the proposed business strategies in reference to new product development must be scaled. This process is started while idea generation and financial planning as well as continue to the process of implementation. Here there are number of aspects that are necessary to take in consideration such as company should make sure can the developed business strategy be funded, organisation have the capability to meet the required level of performance in terms of products quality, store services and other. At the same time, it is also essential for Marks and Spencer to determine the marketing and management capabilities needed to maintain the achieved market and competitive position.
Project identification is the first phase in the strategic development process. Project manager should be capable in recognizing the real standing and prospect of project success before investing important time and capitals on a project. Problem study is a critical approach for identifying projects. One of the main elements of Project Identification Brief (PIB) is project introduction. In project introduction section, the project’s background has to pen down with details of project history and contextual that set the section and support required for the project.
The objectives and targets of implementing an ERP system should be clearly defined. ii. The role of different departments (ordering, distribution and fulfilment) in the implementation of an ERP system should be defined. iii. A project team should be formulated for the implementation of an ERP system.
The essay will first provide background of relationship between different agencies and organizations or simply inter-organizationalism from theoretical perspective. Subsequently, various barriers to effective coordination and collaboration will be discussed. In the end the strategies which could be used to overcome these barriers will be elaborated
Therefore subsequent research should focus on practical implications and instructions. Finally, regarding the career development career insecurity is an important construct, and there is a need to examine it’s impacts and causes, and develop practical