It is vital that they have an up to date safety statement. Employees must attend training that is provided, they must report defective practices or equipment and follow the safety statement. They should take reasonable care to protect the health and safety of themselves and of other people in the workplace. It is the role of both employee and employer to develop a culture of safety in the work place this works best if all parties work in
Work sabotage, verbal or written abusive threats, and derogatory insults are forms of personal harassment which may occur in the work environment. The Approach to Address Harassment Prevention is the most important factor to resolve harassment. It is the employer’s responsibility to prevent and resolve harassment by communicating to employees that severity of such infractions. An effective complaint or grievance process should be established which provides anti-harassment training to managers allowing immediate action to be taken when a complaint is filed. Employers must address the concerns of employees and ensure each employee is confident in the reporting process The Occupational Safety and Health Act The Occupational Safety and Health Act provides workers with safer workplace conditions.
Stress in the workplace is a hazard under the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act 2005 and it must be evaluated and managed in the same way as physical hazards. Employers can also improve employees ability to cope by arranging stress management and work and wellbeing workshops for example they can arrange manual handling and ergonomics classes for workers. The employer is responsible for having a systematic and continuous process in place to identify hazards and assess risks, in consultation with all employees. This Protects from the risks and reduces the degree of exposure to the factors that cause stress. By monitoring the risks they can continuously review levels of
In the other hand, employers should ensuring there are a proper use of sign and labels in workstation so that it can increase employee’s awareness about the task they are handling. Employee also can make a distance when possible from the source of radiation to limit themselves from radiation exposure. According to Spellman et.al (2011), in order to control ionizing radiation, employer can limit their employee exposure by fitting permanent guarding and barriers. For example, X-ray rooms in medical institution are constructed with lead-lined walls. Other than that, they should substitute radioactive materials with less hazardous substances.
Law The workplace (Health Safety and Welfare) 1992 regulation requires employers to undertake maintenance work in workplace. The 1992 regulation say employers must maintain their workplace and equipment in an efficient state, good working order and in good repair and the provision and use of work equipment regulation 1998, which state that employers must ensure that work equipment is maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair. They must also keep an up to date maintenance log. There are other regulations that cover some specific industries but these two regulations apply to most workplaces and maintenance work. The management of Health and Safety at work regulations 1999 which require an employer to do a suitable risk assessment also applies to any maintenance work.
The staff members in the clinical lab should organise their work and be time conscious always so that there is no running around in the lab and loss of concentration which may lead to accidents The laboratory manager should make sure a thorough cleaning of the lab and equipment is done frequently also regular check and control of infestation by insects .This prevents infection causing bacteria from finding a breeding place in the lab hence safety maintained in the lab .Clinical lab manager should supervise and improve the working conditions of the lab personnel , this encourages them to do their job effectively hence minimizing the occurance of accidents due to negligence and attitude therefore maintaining safety
To achieve this, the psychiatrists should be consulted when required. However, the organizations should provide these services to the employees whenever they require them. This should be on the environment different from the workplace to avoid stigmatization. Moreover, the management is in a position to deal with organizational stressors such as organizational change. With proper training and experience, it is able to handle this situation without negatively affecting the employees.
e? How can organisations monitor and assess this? What is a risk assessment A risk assessment is the process of recognizing the hazards which are present. This is important as it examines what could cause harm to people, so then Health & Safety personal could use ECRICPD to avoid injures to workforce and to make the working environment safe. Risk assessment is also a legal requirement under Health and Safety at Work Act &Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations.
Besides, the lifting appliances and loose gear must be recognized by international or national standard and to be tested, thoroughly examined, marked and inspected in accordance with section 4.2. Occupational safety is affected not only by the design of lifting appliances but also by that of their accessories and other loose gear used with them. The proper design and maintenance of all of them are very important. This is because the breakage of any of them may cause thoughtful accidents. Deterioration may be visible, as when it starts from the surface, or concealed internally, the mechanical strength of the material is reduced.
According to ILO (2005), organizational health and safety focuses on the development of specific measures and programmes, aimed at protecting employees in the course of performing their duties to maximize productivity and improve the overall organizational performance. According to Armstrong (2006), Occupational Health and Safety is perceived as a joint responsibility of both the employer and the employee working together and playing their roles effectively to ensure quality healthcare and safety for both parties. As required by law, it is the responsibility of employers to prepare and issue a health and safety policy which sets out how they intend to provide a healthy and safe place of work, provide the necessary safety equipment and gadgets to ensure effective monitoring and compliance with safety rules. Employees on the other hand are required to observe health and safety policies and regulations to avoid any action which might cause an accident or hazard to themselves or to