Likewise, Huxley also attempts to show how society becomes inhumane without the presence of rectitude: ‘“It was base,’ he said indignantly, ‘it was ignoble’” (Golding 170). John, the uncorrupted Jesus archetype, sees the corruption that permeates his society and renders the people inhumane. In the advanced society of Brave New World, no one possesses a moral compass to guide them or help guide others. Therefore the society falls into a path towards endless sin and immorality. In summation both Lord of the Flies and Brave New World accentuate the significance of resisting temptation in order to preserve one’s innocence from corruption, even at the cost of one’s own life.
When human failures become inescapable, a person who initiates awareness of these shortcomings is imperative. This is someone who can expose a group’s flaws, force people to face reality, and provide insight to the world’s issues no matter how unappealing they may be. Mark Twain epitomizes these attributes. Generations to come will forever be contemplating his candid views on human nature through his powerful literary works and satirical messages. One of his most controversial pieces, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, criticizes unpleasant features of humanity, targeting racism and greed.
Mark Twain, well-known American author, ridicules the self destructive nature of greed upon man in his controversial novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry and Finn. Twain criticizes the society he lived in, noting the “superficiality and meaningless” lives of people. Mark Twain utilizes situational irony, farce, and exaggeration in order to compare two situations in the novel where characters illustrate upon themselves the negative effects of greed. Twain establishes a critical tone to bring attention to even modern day readers that greed will eventually result in punishments and consequences. First, Twain utilizes situational irony to analyze the ongoing feud between the Shepherdons and Grangerford family.
Hawthorne describes slavery as, “one of those evils which divine Providence does not leave to be remedied by human contrivances.” Hawthorne believed slavery and the subordination of women was wrong and sympathized with those affected. Literary historians believe his sympathy for radicals fighting against social order developed from his unfair treatment in “The Custom House.” However, Hawthorne also believed abolitionists and feminists were too radical and that it was best to continue being subordinate to peacefully keep the natural structure of society. Hawthorne most feared, “violent descriptions of the social order.” Although Hawthorne admits slavery is wrong, he also claims that God does not want people to interfere with the natural ways of society and believes that these interferences will cause too much violence. Hawthorne considers The Scarlet Letter as a “moral parable.” It depicted the hypocrisy of the Puritan society and was written as a moral lesson for history not to repeat itself. The Puritan paradox was that the Puritans claimed to be united by God, yet ostracized people who sinned.
Throughout the course of the novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain utilizes morally questionable terminology, situations, and subjects in the book to draw attention to the racism so prevalent in southern White society during the 1800’s. Through the use of scathing commentary and major character development, Twain’s stance on racism is clear: he passionately disapproves of the treatment and objectification of Blacks. Although, by today’s standards, the novel is deemed by many as politically incorrect, Twain’s writing reflects the times in which the novel was written, and ultimately makes his position on the injustices and hypocrisy of White society be known. In the first paragraph of the first chapter, Huck makes strides to distinguish
He adds a humorous element to this example of hypocrisy by including a parody of Romeo and Juliet. The two feuding families in question, the Grangerfords and Shepherdsons, have been in discord for so long that no one remembers how the quarrel even began. Huck recalls that on one occasion, the two families attended the same Sunday mass with all the men keeping guns, “between their knees” or “handy against the wall.”; a strange action at church for individuals who claim their reverence towards God . The sermon delivered that day was one that encouraged “loving thy neighbour”. Ironically enough, following the service, one of the most brutal altercations between the families occurred, resulting in the gruesome deaths of many on both sides.
Nathaniel Hawthorne is often hailed as one of the core representatives of Dark Romanticism, which is the opposite to the other current in the American Renaissance, the Transcendentalists. He believed that individuals were full of darkness and hidden sin, subsequently convinced that true social reforms were nigh impossible. Such convictions were adroitly rendered in his short story “The Minister’s Black Veil” where he plainly tells the reader that since people are fearful of isolation, they are forced to don a mask to conceal their sins, or risk alienation due to society’s inability to cope with them. Resulting from those somber views, you can appreciate the subtle criticism of the town’s people (they embody humanity in general) present in the story. Folks immediately start gossiping, practically “…the whole village of Milford talked of little else than Parson Hooper's black veil.
Society conflicts with the goals of individuals and harsh diction emphasizes the already negatively connotated statements in saying, “...envy is ignorance…” and “...imitation is suicide…” (Emerson 2-3). Emerson employs parallelism in order to redefine society and conformists as the enemy. In addition to parallel structures, he personifies society as a “conspiracy against the manhood of every one of its members” nevertheless making non-individualism the enemy. Furthermore, Emerson juxtaposes the metaphors of “bread” and “nourishing corn” to represent the differences between individuals and society. Bread represents the processed and unnaturalness of society and the nourishing corn represents the naturalness of individualism to tie it all back
O’Connor uses Pointer as an example of the hypocritical aspect of society that pretends to be a Christian, but actually scams and hurts people. He tells Hulga at her most vulnerable point: The boy’s mouth was set angrily. “I hope you don’t think that I believe in that crap! I may sell Bibles but I know which end is up and I wasn’t born yesterday and I know where I’m going.” To exacerbate Hulga’s humiliation, he steals her glasses and her prosthetic leg. He adds them to his perverted collection.
Marie Herrin Mrs. Huffaker AP Language 12 January 2016 Racism in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn An issue of central importance in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is the controversial topic of racism. In chapter six, Twain manipulates his reader’s response to racism by controlling the speaker and surrounding circumstances of the bigoted statements in a way that pushes the reader to reject the racism because they have already rejected the speaker. In order to influence his readers, Twain utilizes the rhetorical devices of characterization and satire to show the immorality of the racist message. Through the characterization of Pap, Twain is able to express his anti-slavery views and influence them onto his readers. Twain depicts