So, why did the Author write this historical text? The main motives for the author to write this would be a huge historical event, an increase in hypocrisy, and pride. A huge event is most likely the main reason for this document, without this event there wouldn’t be a document at all! “...our knights in one of the towers fought bravely…” (Document One, “Capture of the Christian ‘Navel of the World’”
By the end of the twelfth century stone castles became more elaborate, not only by technical advances and the military needs as well as the obsession of certain nobles to build fortresses that reflect their dreams of power. The Edward I castles were built as advanced military machine, to ensure its hold on the conquered territory, and served to reinforce its rich and powerful sovereign status. All the kings of the Angevin dynasty, Henry II, Richard I, John and Henry III, spent thousands of pounds on their castles, chasing a reputation for unparalleled authority and prosperity men. It is still surprising that the Angevin dynasty has spent so fabulous sums in these constructions, as their financial resources were not known, the most extraordinary. In fact, their projects were undertaken only by its ability to convince his subjects to finance them, with promises of expanding territories and
For example, Crusaders learned about how to advance their warfare tactics in order to succeed during battles. Europeans achieved different advancements because of them. Many people believe that Muslims are the reason why gunpowder came to Europe. They had advancements in medicine, which helped during fights if someone got hurt during wars; there were advancements in architecture, which was positive because they were able to build better castles. There were advancements in literature and math, and they had advancements in geography.
Although the book describes all of these sections fairly well, Streusland admits in his introduction that he does not cover social, cultural, and intellectual history as well as he could but focuses much more on political, economic, and military history. He compares the administration of these empires excellently when he first states that the Ottomans’ success was rooted on the stability provided by both the creation of detailed records of Ottoman lands by the central government and the established connections of sipahi cavalrymen to their districts (pp. 99-103). Later Streusland compares the Safavids to the Ottomans by explaining that the Safavids tried to create a replication of the Ottoman system in the form of khass provinces that took money from the Safavids’ tribal groups and placed them in the hands of imperial officials. The Safavids system did not work nearly as well as the Ottomans’ because it suffered from sloppiness and a lack of detailed revenue surveys similar to the Ottoman ones (pp. 181-182). He then compares the Mughal Empire to the other two when he mentions that
This new system offered land to soldiers and facilitated the spread of military might across the Empire. Heraclius’s most impressive achievement was his military successes against the powerful Sassanid Persian Empire, which threatened the Byzantine territory. Thanks to a strong navy and Constantinople’s nearly impenetrable walls, he kept the Sassanids from taking Constantinople. This also kept the Persians from attempting another conquest of Greece, as Persian kings Darius and Xerxes had tried to do over a thousand years before. However, he could not protect Jerusalem from Persian attack, and the Persians captured the relic of the True Cross.
Thomas Paine wrote a series of articles known collectively as "The Crisis" to support his argument for independence from England during the Revolutionary War. Thomas Paine 's reasoning for writing this collection of articles is rather sound. The call to arms in this document calls “tens of thousands” to arms to battle Great Britain and their unfair rule over their country. Paine was justified in his writing, the unfair rule of the British government did need to be “called out” sort of speak.
The Schlieffen Plan, of the The First World War was an operational plan designed by the German army to wage a successful two front war against France on the west, and Russia on the East. Arguably this is one the most known battle plan throughout history as it played an enormous role in the outbreak of war in 1914. One of the reasons why the plan was devised was because of rapid rise of tension and instability in Europe, and with the formation of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entete, things only become worse. The plan eventually came into development as the German Military began to fear a possible combined attack from Russia, France and Britain which would obviously lead to the defeat of the German forces. Therefore, as a counter to the
CAUSES OF WORLD WAR 1 World War One (1914-1918) was a turning point in history. Many scholars study about WW1 and what caused this huge conflict. Germany used to be responsible for this was, but after many controversial debates later, the blame was gradually put on the different great powers of Europe as well. In this piece of writing, the main causes of WWI will be analyzed, especially targeting the long-term causes. World War One was a time of struggle in Europe.
They had taken over the kingdom of Jerusalem and threatened to terrorize and pillage other Muslim lands. It was in such circumstances that Al Ghazali had to present a theory to tackle the problems of the divide between the Caliphate and the government, to ensure that the caliphate was the protector of religious authority in the Islamic world backed by armies provided by the Seljuk Sultans, who were equipped with armies to crush invaders to their
‘The concept of total war originally emerged in the ideological and political context of the interwar period. It was not designed as a precise tool of academic analysis, but as a rhetorical’ During the Interwar period, the concept developed into ideas on how to prepare for a possible new conflict, especially in Germany there was a sense of that the country had not been willing to go far enough. ‘Eric Ludendorff saw ‘total war’ as the Great War done right.’ ‘Total war’ was to Ludendorff during the interwar period becoming an ideal where Germany could succeed if followed until the hostile nation was crushed. ‘He was convinced that to succeed, the nation would need a military dictatorship, and that ‘total war’ was total mobilization of all human material resources. ’
The scholarship of crusader castles has progressed considerably from the early literature of E.G Rey and Hans Prutz. The earliest literature focused on what an observer most obviously considered when examining the remains of a castle, the remnants of high, thick walls used to defend against enemies. As this was the most apparent function of a castle, the theories that followed were based around the assumption that a castles only purpose was to defend against and enemy. That assumption, combined with pro-colonist views formed theories about the inherent ability of castles to defend the border of the crusader kingdoms against Muslim enemies. Later theories began to incorporate the difference of crusader castle as internal and external, but still
McCullough reassures us how important this year was for American history. He places his views through his extensive use of research, from battle plans, letters, journal entries, and more. But as important as the Declaration of Independence and political aspects may be, it does not fit in with McCullough’s purpose. His purpose concludes military aspects of 1776 in the war itself. McCullough’s solidifies his views when he said, “Such courage and high ideals were of little consequence, of course, the Declaration itself being no more than a declaration without military success against the most formidable force on earth” (145).
The Crusades were an imperative part in the religious and military history or all the more comprehensively, the social and political history of both European and Islamic human advancements. They purchased huge quantities of European Christians and Muslims into contact with one another in a battle and dialog that would keep going for a considerable length of time. (Reilly, p. 360) The First and Third Crusades were the best depicted of the endeavors to the Holy Land. The primary source for the First Crusade incorporate the letters of Pope Urban II; the Gesta Francorum (the Deeds of the Franks), which was composed by an unknown crusader who went with the Normans Bohemond and Tancred; the narratives of Raymond of Aguilers, who went with Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Raymond of Toulouse; the Alexiad, by Anna Comnena, girl of Alexius, the Byzantine Emperor; and Fulcher of Chartres, who went with Stephen of Blois and afterward Baldwin of Boulogne on the First Crusades. (Reilly, p.
Religion and its various ideologies played a key role in advancing the authority of the Ottoman and Catholic Europe; it also influenced the way they confronted outside powers and people from other religions. The Ottomans where an Islamic ruled empire which brought about a certain ideology that gave them the God given rights to the earth. Catholic Europe also had this ideology from where God gave Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven and endowed upon them earth as well (Matt 16: 19). The catholic church in Europe seemed to have their hands in the cookie jar of European Medieval Government and some what controlled the kings and nobles.
He improved the defences, adding curtain walls and round towers. Marshal also owned Chepstow Castle and was responsible for improving the building using the new ideas on castle designs seen during the crusades. Also, De Valences were a powerful family, and their add-ons to the castle show the significance of the castle as well as the increased need to show their power, control and wealth. The rebuilding of Goodrich was not as expensive as Caernarvon castle which costed around £19,892. First, royal records mentions gifts of timber from the Forest of Dean explicitly ‘for works at Godric’s castle’ as early as 1261, when William was generally consolidating his estates an enforced exile, and again in the early 1280sand in 1293.