Aztec Worldview - Huitzilopochtli By: Prabhav 8C The painting is depicting the Aztec God of Sun and War, Huitzilopochtli. The sun god was also the patron god of the Aztecs and the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, was built to honour Huitzilopochtli. The most famous of all Aztec rituals was the human sacrifice and most of the hearts were offered to Huitzilopochtli to make sure he kept humans alive by continuing his journey through the sky as the Sun. Huitzilopochtli was the most important deity of the Aztecs and was worshipped by over a million people during the peak of the Aztec Empire. Huitzilopochtli was the God of the Sun and War.
“They jumped into the sacrificial fire and became the sun and the moon.” (AD1, p.3) Because the gods like Nanahuatzin and Tecuciztecatl volunteered themselves for the Sun and to keep it alive and healthy, future Aztecs felt obliged to further maintain the Sun through various sacred rituals. To meet the Sun’s needs and to repay the Gods for their sacrifice, it compelled the Aztecs to continue sacrifices and bloodletting. While this was the main reason for human sacrifice and bloodletting, Aztec cosmetology also involved these same practices. The Aztecs described cosmic life as unstable and destructive - which also compelled them to practice bloodletting and human sacrifice. They were worried that the universe could become unstable and bring destruction to their world.
For the Cherokee, everything had its proper place. The Aztecs, who were polytheistic, also used their religious beliefs in their ceremonies and rituals. The Aztecs used human and animal sacrifices as well as an advanced calendar in their festivals. Like the Cherokee, certain animals and numbers held significant meaning in their religious and everyday beliefs. The Incas were polytheistic like the Aztecs.
In this codex a Spanish monk, named Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, documented the religion, ritual practices, social structure, economics and cosmological views the Aztecs. With the help of native disciples of Bernardino, the codex was written in Nahuatl, and also contains the Spanish translation of the Nahuatl recordings. In this essay, I would like to focus on the social structure of the Aztec people. After a brief summary about the origins of this civilization, I take a closer look at the main groups that made up the Aztec society by highlighting the main characteristics of them. No
The Aztec and Spanish The outcome of the contact between the Aztec and the Spanish was welcoming initially but after a certain period of time, The Spanish decided to take over the Aztec and Inca Empire. The purpose of this Spanish expedition was to seek fame and fortune for Spain and also spread Christianity to the natives and new lands. This had led them into war between the Aztec and Spanish The Aztec first arrives in Mexico in the late 1100s. By 1250, they settled near the shores of Lake Texcoco and by 1325 they had begun building the majestic city of Tenochtitlan. In 1518 Spanish conquistador, Hernan Cortes held an expedition to conquer Mexico and the Aztec holds almost the central and southern of Mexico.
In the 1500’s The Inca civilization ended in 1532 and their civilization started around 1438. The Aztec empire however, started in 1427 and ended in 1521. they both built amazing empires that are still recognized today. They believed in gods, they invented clever inventions, and created a lifestyle for the whole empire. In conclusion, these are the similarities between the Aztec and Inca empire. All empires and tribes have things that they will have in common but they all are different from each other.
Human sacrifice to gods and tale-telling to people were two components that summarized and showed the religious admiration to their gods in the Aztec culture, and are shown repeatedly in the key art pieces including the Templo Mayor, the Calendar Stone and the Coyolxauhqui Stone. Human sacrifice was seen as a crucial behavior to give offering to god in exchange of the god’s protection to the Aztec society, and this idea is illustrated in both Templo Mayor and the Coyolxauhqui Stone. The sacred Templo Mayor was viewed and honored as a main temple to perform Aztec’s main religious ritual, to dedicate the deities of both the god of warfare Huizilopotchli and the god of rain Tlaloc. And the practice of sacrificing was seen through the sacrificial stone in the center
The stone also had four boxed figures which represented the four previous suns. The Aztec believed that the universe was maintained by supplying blood to the gods. When Cortez landed in Mexico the Aztec ruler believed him to be Quetzalcoatl. This would have allowed him to have or gain anything he wanted from the Aztec’s. If people believed he was a god, then he could do anything he wanted to do.
Odysseus also says he his is “Laertes’ son” (561) which is saying that he is the King of Ithaca and related to the god, Zeus. He is using his power and privileges to make him a hero that villains will fear
The two main topics of their texts were astronomy and religious views. Some examples of their sacred stories and text include: Dresden Codex Madrid Codex Paris Codex Books of Chilam Balam Popol Vuh The Ritual of the Bacabs gods/goddesses and deities : Mayan deities were individuals derived from nature which the civilisation depended upon most. The ancient Mayans had incarnations of sun, rain, moon, lightening, medicine, death and so on. Some examples of their most important God/Goddesses were: Huracan - God of wind, storm, fire Ixchel – Goddess of Medicine and Midwifery Buluc Chabtan – God of War Kinich Au – God of the Sun Chicchan – God of Rain Itzamna – God of Harvest people/social structure : Of course, at the top, was the king as he had the highest authority. Next, were the nobles and the priests who were the only members of the society that were educated, except for the king.
Ambystoma Mexicanum Ambystoma Mexicanum, commonly known as the Mexican Axolotls, is the most studied salamander in the world. This is due to their ability to regenerate any body part that has been lost or damaged (NG). Mexican Axolotls are native to Lake Chalco and Xochimilco near Mexico City, only Lake Xochimilco remains today (AD). The name ‘axolotl’ come from the Aztec god Xolotl, also know as the god of games, who would turn himself into an axolotl to escape enemies (SW). Axolotls are slowing becoming extinct dues to the loss of habitat and more predatory fish are being introduced into their remaining habitat (AD).
The Aztecs had a very interesting religion. One reason I thought that their religion was interesting was because they have a specific “god” for each element in nature. For example, they had a god for the sun but a different god for water. Each element of nature had its own separate god. The Aztecs also gave sacrifices to their gods.
Emily Huckabee HIS 122-601 Fall, 2016 Miguel Leόn-Portilla, The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Mexican anthropologist and historian Miguel Leόn-Portilla gives his readers an alternative view of the destruction of the Aztec empire in his 1962 novel. His book is one of many written on the fall of the Aztecs. As an author, his book stands out from others because it tells the story from a different perspective, that of the ones being defeated. Portilla, being an expert on the Aztecs, begins by giving a synopsis of the Aztec Indians way of life and how Hernando Cortez, a Spanish conquistador, eventually overcame their empire in the search for gold. He gives this event in world history a different way to underand these