Marx interpreted the “superstructure” as being, “…not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness” (Ball eat
As industry exponentially grew after the Civil War, the need for labor and materials to power newly-created manufacturing giants caused new social classes to form: the rich corporation owners and the poor laborers. Unfathomably rich Robber Barons, or plutocratic American Capitalists, dominated the economy and industry and profited from the slave-like work of millions of poor laborers during this time period. Moreover, the poor working class and the rich further divided by distribution of wealth. Therefore, exploitation of capitalism widened the gap between the rich and poor classes of America, and both newly-formed classes developed reasons for the change.
The conflict of the era was big business, and its need to keep inflicting actions to keep a strong division of the wealthy, and the lower class workers, while maximizing profits and personal gain. As well as spotlighting the inequality of gender, race, and social status. This is paired with the stories of activists and everyday men who called for change in this pivotal time. The book is effective in using vivid imagery to explore scenarios of divide and disparity of the era.
The businesses took advantage of their workers by extending work hours but also leaving their wages the same. They were trying to work them for every penny they could not caring who they were hurting in the process. The people also disfavored the new political system they did not agree with politicians no longer listening to the opinions of the people, they felt that they were being silenced and they could do nothing about it. The corporations may have lowered the costs of a few accommodations but it was outweighed by the unfairness the people had to deal with.
Immigrants and poor works worked together to increase the wages. The rich wanted to ensure in maintaining their power and wealth, leaving the others in terrible circumstances. “The purpose of the state was to settle upper-class disputes peacefully,control lower-class rebellion, and adopt policies that would further the long-range stability of the system”(Zinn, 238). Always, the wealthy and powerful have control the lower class, creating discriminatory laws. These laws that have been created is beneficial to the rich.
He thought “Irresistible energy and efficiency of harmony and cooperation” could help the society move forward and create benefits for the work force, but the government will still regulate and guide them to public interest (Clements 9). Even though there could still be some people who still try to take advantage for their own personal gain. Capitalists try to maximize as much of their profit without taking into account the
Understanding that both articles had great reasoning I believe that a raise in the minimum wage can have a negative impact in our economy and that it should be something that shouldn’t be completely abolished but carefully monitored. Like stated in Minimum Wage Laws Are Immoral and Harmful, not all employees will give their full effort in the workplace because they won’t need to worry about getting a raise. The act of raising minimum wage doesn’t only affect the employers but as well as the consumers, by causing a rise in the company’s merchandise. I understand that some jobs don’t pay their employees enough, but what are the qualifications that the employees have, do they have enough experience, or a degree and have they simply demonstrated their ability’s. Keep in mind that many people just ask but don’t give to
In Friedman 's quote he is saying that the workers who are earning their money are getting taxed more to help the unemployed through welfare, unemployment, and subsidize. Many capitalists believe you will not get ahead if you don 't put in the effort and work hard. Friedman is an extreme monetarist, which means he believes highly in capitalism. Friedman would say people should be responsible for themselves and not depend on the hard working wealthy people because it is not fair to the ones who work hard just so others can benefit from it. Friedman would argue that if it were a capitalist economy and people had no jobs, then society would just have to adjust to a higher inflation rate instead of increasing taxes, this would cause unemployment to decrease over
Instead, the basis of historical progress and change, by Marx’s world-historical view, is the spread of capitalism when “actuated solely by the spirit of gain” to enslave more and more individuals . In India, where the ancient religion is one of “self-torturing asceticism” , the misery inflicted by capitalism is a necessary driver of social change, inspiring the “Hindoos” to “throw off the English yoke” . Similarly, Marx notes that the “medium of England” ended the isolation of “Old China” by tilting the balance of trade in England’s favour and subsequently by winning the Opium War . Marx hoped for the de-legitimation of the Chinese state to lead to its dissolution and subsequently spark revolutions in England and Europe when their economic markets are affected . In both India and China, religion plays no part in advancing social change, and may even have stagnated the stadial progress of history.
Although Marxism, especially in its Communist form, has been negatively perceived throughout history, liberation theologians, Gustavo Gutierrez and Leonardo Boff, have imagined God’s kingdom offers a preferential option for the poor by way of Neo-Marxist ideals. The corruption of Capitalism has provided lavish wealth for the middle and upper classes within the United States while enslaving the lower classes, and also the Latin and South American countries from which the U.S. obtains its imports. Gutierrez, witnessing this systemic abuse, cried out against Capitalism, calling for equality for all and a utopia where the lowest classes are the priority. Ultimately, Gutierrez and other liberation theologians acknowledge the Reformed understanding of God’s kingdom that is both present, but also still to come.
Though all societies throughout history have had their differences, all have been almost identical structurally. Marxism views the world and literature based on social and economic classes. Karl Marx, a communist reformer, once said "...stable societies develop sites of resistance: contradictions built into the social system that ultimately lead to social revolution and the development of a new society upon the old,” meaning that conflict, tension, and rebellion cycle through societies and allow mankind to grow and develop socially as a whole. In the novel Lord of the Flies, the author, William Golding uses character interactions and symbolism to show struggle between classes as a new society rebels against and replaces the previous system.