Marx believed that the base of a society lied in the economics and that the owners, who were making profit, were over the workers/laborers. This was wrong because the profit owners would create a “superstructure” that was made up by the state military, police, education, religion and ideology. Marx interpreted the “superstructure” as being, “…not the consciousness of men that determines their being, but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness” (Ball eat
As industry exponentially grew after the Civil War, the need for labor and materials to power newly-created manufacturing giants caused new social classes to form: the rich corporation owners and the poor laborers. Unfathomably rich Robber Barons, or plutocratic American Capitalists, dominated the economy and industry and profited from the slave-like work of millions of poor laborers during this time period. Moreover, the poor working class and the rich further divided by distribution of wealth. Therefore, exploitation of capitalism widened the gap between the rich and poor classes of America, and both newly-formed classes developed reasons for the change. During the period of industrialization, between 1865 and the early 1900’s, corporate
The conflict of the era was big business, and its need to keep inflicting actions to keep a strong division of the wealthy, and the lower class workers, while maximizing profits and personal gain. As well as spotlighting the inequality of gender, race, and social status.This is paired with the stories of activists and everyday men who called for change in this pivotal time. The book is effective in using vivid imagery to explore scenarios of divide and disparity of the era. However,
The businesses took advantage of their workers by extending work hours but also leaving their wages the same. They were trying to work them for every penny they could not caring who they were hurting in the process. The people also disfavored the new political system they did not agree with politicians no longer listening to the opinions of the people, they felt that they were being silenced and they could do nothing about it. The corporations may have lowered the costs of a few accommodations but it was outweighed by the unfairness the people had to deal with. The growing of large businesses in size, number, and influenced changed the United States severely.
Immigrants and poor works worked together to increase the wages. The rich wanted to ensure in maintaining their power and wealth, leaving the others in terrible circumstances. “The purpose of the state was to settle upper-class disputes peacefully,control lower-class rebellion, and adopt policies that would further the long-range stability of the system”(Zinn, 238). Always, the wealthy and powerful have control the lower class, creating discriminatory laws. These laws that have been created is beneficial to the rich.
He believes that the government should control all the businesses because in order for the real growth to happen it needs to be guided or shaped by politics rather than rely on unlimited resources. He thought “Irresistible energy and efficiency of harmony and cooperation” could help the society move forward and create benefits for the work force, but the government will still regulate and guide them to public interest (Clements 9). Even though there could still be some people who still try to take advantage for their own personal gain. Capitalists try to maximize as much of their profit without taking into account the
Understanding that both articles had great reasoning I believe that a raise in the minimum wage can have a negative impact in our economy and that it should be something that shouldn’t be completely abolished but carefully monitored. Like stated in Minimum Wage Laws Are Immoral and Harmful, not all employees will give their full effort in the workplace because they won’t need to worry about getting a raise. The act of raising minimum wage doesn’t only affect the employers but as well as the consumers, by causing a rise in the company’s merchandise. I understand that some jobs don’t pay their employees enough, but what are the qualifications that the employees have, do they have enough experience, or a degree and have they simply demonstrated their ability’s. Keep in mind that many people just ask but don’t give to
In Friedman 's quote he is saying that the workers who are earning their money are getting taxed more to help the unemployed through welfare, unemployment, and subsidize. Many capitalists believe you will not get ahead if you don 't put in the effort and work hard. Friedman is an extreme monetarist, which means he believes highly in capitalism. Friedman would say people should be responsible for themselves and not depend on the hard working wealthy people because it is not fair to the ones who work hard just so others can benefit from it. Friedman would argue that if it were a capitalist economy and people had no jobs, then society would just have to adjust to a higher inflation rate instead of increasing taxes, this would cause unemployment to decrease over
Religion thus serves to solidify the unjust status of the ruling class , rather than pave the way for the stadial progress of history. Instead, the basis of historical progress and change, by Marx’s world-historical view, is the spread of capitalism when “actuated solely by the spirit of gain” to enslave more and more individuals . In India, where the ancient religion is one of “self-torturing asceticism” , the misery inflicted by capitalism is a necessary driver of social change, inspiring the “Hindoos” to “throw off the English yoke” . Similarly, Marx notes that the “medium of England” ended the isolation of “Old China” by tilting the balance of trade in England’s favour and subsequently by winning the Opium War . Marx hoped for the de-legitimation of the Chinese state to lead to its dissolution and subsequently spark revolutions in England and Europe when their economic markets are affected .
Although Marxism, especially in its Communist form, has been negatively perceived throughout history, liberation theologians, Gustavo Gutierrez and Leonardo Boff, have imagined God’s kingdom offers a preferential option for the poor by way of Neo-Marxist ideals. The corruption of Capitalism has provided lavish wealth for the middle and upper classes within the United States while enslaving the lower classes, and also the Latin and South American countries from which the U.S. obtains its imports. Gutierrez, witnessing this systemic abuse, cried out against Capitalism, calling for equality for all and a utopia where the lowest classes are the priority. Ultimately, Gutierrez and other liberation theologians acknowledge the Reformed understanding of God’s kingdom that is both present, but also still to come.