Somalia has become part of the worst drought in the past 60 years in Eastern Africa. About 100,000 people died in this disaster (Forcing Back Famine page 2). In 2010, a famine struck in Somalia. The food shortages have been going on since then. As a result, thousands are starving and becoming malnourished.
The impact of climate change is being felt throughout the world; however, the situation is more pronounced in developing countries because many households, social groups and regions have a limited capacity to adapt to climate variability and change (UNFCCC, 2007; IPCC 2007). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007:6) defined climate change as any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. The (UNFCCC 2007) espoused that agricultural production on the African continent relies primarily on rainfall. As such, any interruption in rainfall pattern and intensity will adversely affect the poor, predominantly the smallholder farmers (ibid). (Batino and Waswa, 2011) assert that over 90% of sub-Saharan African agriculture is rain-fed, and mainly under smallholder management.
This caused problems in farms as it meant that there was no water for livestock, causing a problem with food production. It also threatened the ecosystems and wildlife, especially those who live in the river. The drought also caused ships to be stranded and power shortages affected eastern and central China. In spite of the problems this dam causes, But Wang Hai who is the director of the transport division of the three gorges dam told China Daily that he does not accept the thought that the dam has caused water related problems and things could be a lot worse without the dam existing. Most people though, disagree and say that it is impossible that a huge dam wouldn’t have any impact on downstream.
Cattle also need large tracts of land to graze which they leave barren and prone to erosion. Because it can take multiple seasons for range land to recover once it’s been overgrazed, America has countless acres of wasted land that cannot be used for agriculture. Land degradation also makes those living near the ranges prone to dust storms and erosion, since no grasses are left to hold together the soil. Both this and the water issue take more than one season to recover from, meaning the country has people without water or land to make their lives
A drought is an occurrence where there is very little rainfall, which results in a shortage of water. Drought can last up to ten years in certain places, especially desert areas. Droughts are extremely difficult to predict, and produce cracked land. They are very dangerous in places with little food and little water. Droughts can also affect farmers, due to it being so hot that their plants die.
The crops can be affected by many different ways leading to a shortage of food. This can range from drought to poor farmers or weak agricultural country. The reasons for poor farmers are bad governance, terrible policies and mass corruption in the government . The poor farmers, who cannot afford a tractor, rent it which can cost them more money than buying a new one . There are however many farmers who still use old methods greatly reducing their crop output just because they find new machinery strange and unreliable.
The father of four expressed his frustration with the lack of humanitarian assistance, resorting to his prayers “if the government doesn’t approve of people coming in to help.” The conflict for South Sudan’s independence from Sudan ended in 2011, after a referendum approved of a separate South Sudanese state. It’s bloody history leading up to the referendum provides ample evidence of how conflict can cause famine. For instance, President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan was regularly criticized for destroying food production resources in South Sudanese regions, which caused localized famines that contributed to the two million lives lost during the
Another big factor of the Dust Bowl was the drought. The National Drought Migration Center that is in Nebraska said: "Many crops were damaged by deficient rainfall, high temperatures, and high winds, as well as insect infestations and dust storms that accompanied these conditions" (University of Nebraska). Nebraska was hit hard by the dust storms and was and is still a big farming community, the drought feed the effects of the Dust Bowl hugely, with high temperatures, dying crops, insect problems and of course the giant dust storms. These things made it extremely hard to live there and to farm, this drove people out for the land looking for new work and frankly, a less dusty place. The drought made it hard to go to school, to make dinner, it made people sick and combined with the over plowing of the topsoil it made dust storms unforgettable to
Instead, it was the monumental dust storms that terrorized the inhabitants of the Southern Plains. As a result from the drought and dust storms, farming was all but impossible, leaving many families to rely on the federal government and relief organizations just to stay alive. Also occurring
(freedomfromhunger , (n.d.) ) Firstly one of the major causes of the famine in Ethiopia is the unstable rains that the country waits for every year. These include floods and droughts. However, the most concrete impact recently has been by drought. The government and the people have not been able to provide enough food supply for themselves. Due to the growth
“ Determining the direct and indirect costs associated with this period of droughts is a difficult task because of the broad impacts of drought, the event’s close association with the Great Depression, the fast revival of the economy with the start of World War II, and the lack of adequate economic models for evaluating losses at that time. “ http://drought.unl.edu/DroughtBasics/DustBowl/EconomicsoftheDustBowl.aspx “ Then the drought began. It would last eight straight years. Dust storms, at first considered freaks of nature, became commonplace. Static charges in the air shorted-out automobiles on the road; men avoided shaking hands for fear of shocks that could knock a person to the ground.
When the Dust Bowl came it completely destroyed the agriculture due to the severe drought that had come before the actual storm arrived. Some of the farmers managed to actually farm the areas of the drought, but once the storms arrived
Michael Mueller Dr. Ogbaharya POLS 101 16 December 2015 Section A 1. There are many environmental problems that surround us everyday in this world. The Ecosystem around us includes humans, glaciers, mountains, plant life, rocks, oceans and seas. Many engineering developments are resulting in our resource depletion and are ultimately leading to environmental destruction. As our modern technologies have advanced, with the increase in the use of plastic, rubber, oil and metals, our resources have been depleted.