Explain how targeted therapy works ( in the treatment of cancer), and evaluate its effectiveness in treating cancer. You may wish to focus on a specific type of cancer Name - Vipanpreet kaur Student ID - 39298 Class - HAS-3 Word count- 1223 Targeted therapy, which first became available in the late 1990s, has had a significant impact on the treatment of cancer. Currently, because of advancement in the field of technology, various types of therapies are discovered to treat cancer.
It is also important to note that there are two different type of T cells: CD4 and CD8. After HIV enters the immune system, the first step is infection. This is the step where people can take medication to prevent the HIV from maturing. The second step is when the viruses and their proteins land on infected cells and stimulate the macrophages.
The main reason for this is so possible post operative swelling doesn’t cause further pressure. The next step is usually radiation therapy, which is used to treat many types of cancers because the radiation damages the cancer cell 's’ DNA to the point where it effectively kills the cell. Radiation may be conducted alone or in combination with other treatment methods such as chemotherapy. Radiation therapy may also be the first option if surgery is not possible. There are two main methods used in radiation therapy:
These drugs or chemotherapeutic agents act at the cancer cells and controlled the process of cell mitosis but they can produce toxicity.1 1.2 Cell Cycle The series of events in which one cell undergoes in process of division and accomplished in an individual called cell cycle. There are number of phases in cell division. G0 phase is non-dividing cell stage.
For some cancers, chemotherapy alone can destroy all the cancer cells and cure the cancer (primary treatment). As an adjuvant treatment, chemotherapy is given prior to, or after other methods, to increase the effectiveness of cancer treatment. Most often, adjuvant chemotherapy is given after other therapies have destroyed the clinically detectable cancer cells. The purpose of adjuvant chemotherapy is to reduce the risk of recurrence or to prolong survival. If cure is not possible, chemotherapy may be given to minimize the discomfort caused by cancer or slow the progression of the disease to prolong the patient's life (palliative treatment).
It is trusted that this change happens in the cell because of a transformation (change) in the DNA structure of the cell. The strange cells have no place to move and begin lumping in the area, making knocks or tumors that we see. Before long, these cells begin contaminating different cells and make them harmful. Age and Gender In spite of the fact that individuals of any age have the danger of getting cerebrum disease, the rate of
In the event that tests demonstrate that the growth cells haveplaces where hormones can append (receptors), medications, surgery, or radiationtherapy are utilized to decrease the generation of hormones or piece them
Leukemia is best described by increased, unregulated growth of myeloid cells in the bone marrow and assembly of these cells in the blood. A bone marrow disease majorly due to multiplication of mature granulocytes i.e neutrophils,eosinophils & basophils & their precursors. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a type of myeloproliferative disorder, associated with characteristic translocation called the Philadelphia (ph) chromosome . In this chromosomal translocation, parts of two chromosomes (the 9th and 22nd) shift their places.  Consequently, part of the BCR i.e. breakpoint cluster gene from chromosome 22 is fused with the ABL gene on chromosome 9.
By having more and more treatments, whether risky, life shortening or prolonged pain, doctors and scientist will soon be able to find proper treatments that bring life back
The motive is to cure and help people with diseases by recreating cells or tissues, but they are using stem cells to do this. The motive for human cloning, however, is not good(Cloning). Humans are trying to rebuild the Tower of Babel. They are trying to reach God, be as good as Him, or create life as perfectly as Him which is not moral. “Those who believe an embryo isn’t a human person see no problem in cloning embryos and taking their stem cells even though doing so kills them.”
In A-T the ATM gene is disrupted in the making of proteins that regulate cell growth. These mutated genes do not repair DNA damage instead they allow for these defects to be spread into other cells. This allows for uncontrolled division and growth of cells which can lead to cancerous tumors. These mutations also allow for unwanted cell death which leads to the loss of important cells in the brain involved with coordination. People who are carriers of a mutated ATM gene are likely to develop one of the following cancers: breast, stomach, bladder, pancreas, lung, and
Heart, lungs and the Rest of You By: Olivia Abel 1.Explain how the blood flows throughout your lungs, heart and the rest of your body. Heart: Your left and right side of your heart work together to pump blood to and throughout your body which is separated by muscular tissue called the septum. In the right side blood enters through two large vein which are the inferior and superior vena cava, emptying poor oxygen blood from the body to the right reticulum. When the left side enters from the pulmonary veins and empties oxygen rich blood from the lungs into the aorta going throughout the body.