Human Capital Theory: The Theory Of Motivioral Behavior
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2.1 Theoretical Framework
Human capital theory refers to the set of abilities and skills an employee gains for financial or productive potential through education or on-the-job training (Becker, 1964). The primary determinants to improve individuals’ standards of living derives from investing in the skill, knowledge and health of the people; these factors are then expected to contribute to a country’s economic structure (Becker, 2002). A decrease in the death rate of working age employees may improve earnings potential by extending the length of time wages are earned; a well-balanced diet increases strength and stamina, and therefore increasing capacity (Becker, 1975). For the employer, health programs constitute…show more content… Sommer (2011) specified the basic principle of this theory is the understanding that the execution of any human behaviour influences both behavioural intention and anticipated behavioural control.
Ajzen (1991) highlighted that the primary variables in the theory are (a) behavioural beliefs and attitude toward behaviour, (b) normative beliefs and subjective norms, (c) control beliefs and perceived behavioural, and (d) behavioural intention and behaviour. TPB can be applied to absenteeism behaviours based on the assumption that these behavioural decisions result from a deliberative, goal-oriented process. Sandblaster consider, evaluate and make behavioural decisions and act accordingly. As applied to this study, TPB allows organizational leaders to develop effective strategies to decrease employee absenteeism.
3.1 Research…show more content… Sampling of 30 sandblaster is obtained. Deodhar et al. (2012) stated that this population allowed to ensure that a representative sample and identify key participants whose knowledge was relevant to the research purpose. This purposive sampling helps researchers to understand the problem and questions applicable to the study and requires the selection of a smaller sample size (Trotter, 2012).
A 30 minutes structured interviews with questions created to gain insight into declining sandblaster health and absenteeism. Participants will be asked about perspectives regarding significant elements in WHP and health-related absenteeism. Prater & Smith (2011) stated that analysis helps to determine any patterns between health-related absenteeism and significant elements to effective WHP.
In an effort to further explore sandblasters’ feedback regarding to difference existed between health-related absenteeism and significant elements to effective WHP, the following research questions.