They develop both concrete working practices and theoretical assumptions. Although practitioners of interaction analysis come from various disciplines and use, the results of their analyses for different aims share more or less obvious perception of the world that is shown and supported by the work of doing this kind of analysis. Moreover, they hold a common set of opinions about how to access that world. There is not still an obvious constitution of these framing assumptions and there is likely to be lack of agreement about which assumptions are more or less essential. In spite of that, it is important to begin to make the theoretical grounding of our work
Critical Discourse Analysis regards language as a social practice (Wodak & Meyer, 2001, p. 2). It is a form of sociolinguistics. It considers the context of language use to be crucial (Wodak & Meyer, 2001, p. 2). As mentioned in the above paragraph that synthetic personalisation is not necessarily used in adverts only but in any text that has the function to persuade; so does Critical Discourse Analysis. It considers political, gender, institutional and also media discourses.
Thus, narcissistic narrative uses metafictional strategies to lay bare the reader’s narcissism and to offer “a critical perspective on the world and its changeability” (Bal 257). Hutcheon labels this kind of writing as narcissistic. Literary journalism has a two-fold functional formula. It is both reflexion and reflection. Reflexion is a text-oriented process whereas reflection is a context-oriented process.
Introduction Theories are set of statements that seek to provide a logical explanation for how a particular phenomenon works (Ogunbameru, 2013). In sociology, theories attempt to explain human interaction and the consequences of such interactions on social life as a whole. Thus, in pursuit of this goal, sociologists come up with varying theoretical approaches in order to provide an objective explanation of the social phenomenon under study. The theoretical approaches employed by sociologists are generally categorised into three namely: micro theory, macro theory and meso theory. Micro sociological theories adopt a social process approach to the explanation of their phenomenon.
Kafka’s novella “The Metamorphosis” starts with the protagonist, Gregor Samsa turning into a cockroach. The novella critiques modernism and modern was of living. Kafka also talks about issues of alienation that go hand in hand with modern ideals. He makes the reader feel that in modern times we get caught up in what we are doing. Kafka critiques modernism and issues of alienation to light through his novella.
Unlike many social-scientific studies of social interaction that use research methodologies that elucidate what people say they do (e.g., interviews, focus groups, surveys), CA is a methodology that investigates what people actually do, with analysts examining the details of recordings of talk and other conduct of participants in naturally occurring interaction. Conversation analytic studies use naturalistic data, i.e., non-experimental data that wasn’t set up for the purposes of the research and would have occurred without the researchers’ instigation (ten Have, 2007). Hence, I particularly employed participant observation techniques using audio recording to collect the data to be able to answer my research question. As such, the opening event of the workshop activity comprising six episodes - greetings, prayer, welcome, introductions, workshop program overview and first workshop instructions – was recorded and later on transcribed using the notational convention developed by Jefferson (2004). In this mini-study, the data set that was qualitatively analyzed is the textual transcription of the audio recording of the opening event in the workshop activity (see Appendix “A”).
In order to know how literary criticism can be applied to the story of Momo, two of chapters from the story are chosen. Those are the time saving bank (chapter six) and the demonstration (chapter eight). The story of Momo is mainly discussed about time. At the beginning of the story, the relationship between Momo and people around her runs well. This condition changed after the emergence of The Men in Gray in the chapter six.
Franz Kafka’s novella The Metamorphosis is the tragic story of young travelling salesman Gregor Samsa who becomes alienated by his family after he transforms overnight into a giant insect. The Metamorphosis, while open to various interpretations, clearly depicts Kafka’s own views of the suffocating capitalist socio-economic structure and the struggles for power that occur within one. In The Metamorphosis, Kafka illustrates the incessant oppression that occurs as a result of a rigidly capitalist society. First, Kafka illustrates the expendability of workers in a capitalist society with the role of Gregor at his workplace and within his family. Gregor is a traveling salesman, utterly unimportant to the company to which he dedicates his life.
The same problems influence the analysis of the use of a political caricature, thus the methodology required to analyze a caricature's use and it's position in tradition must factor in these problems. The following chapter will attempt to work around these problems, and find an analytical approach which will deliver data about tradition and the use of political caricatures. It will begin by discussing the issue of tradition and use respectively, and then continue by locating where in an caricature's structure evidence of analysis for either can be found. The next segment will deal with the development of a methodological approach to analysis of use and its relation to tradition, and lastly, the theory will be applied to a historical example