Throughout the novella, Marlow chases Kurtz, who is seen as a great man and a genius, deeper into the jungle. However, similar to how a robot can become self-aware, Kurtz slowly understands the reality of his actions and the corruption of the white imperialist system that he is part of. Kurtz is described as more of a voice and less of a man. His final words, “The horror! The horror!” (69) illustrate his realization of his own sins and the evilness of everything happening around him.
The sentence after Marlow’s explanation of the “abominable “acts, suggests why Marlow ironically draws closer to Kurtz. The “but” at the start of the sentence emphasizes Marlow’s need to see Kurtz in a positive view. This suggests that Marlow makes the decision to see the light in the darkness of the situation when he states, “But it was a victory!”. Our attention is drawn back to the notion of “victory”. Marlow feels proud of Kurtz and for this reason he remains “loyal” to him.
It is this vision of evil, of our dark side, what explains that Kurtz is insane for some and for others, he is admirable, which explains that for some plundering is fundamental part of a civilizing work and for others is immoral and unjustifiable. And these words of Kurtz explains well the idea that supports the book. These words are also the result of a person "civilized" when it stops feel social pressure and is surrounded by "wild", as they call them, which is unable to understand the different cultures of the two, and between that feels like a God. Those who eventually succumb to behave like a God are those who unleash "the
Kareem Mansour IB1 HL English Mr. Key Blindness and Lack of Morality Joseph Conrad’s s novel “Heart of Darkness” portrays an abominable image of Africa that is outlined with darkness, gloominess and inhumanity. At Conrad’s time, the idea of exploration and colonization was flourishing. The phenomenon of exploration and expedition of the unknown has influenced Joseph Conrad’s views as he wrote the “Heart of Darkness”. Colonialism was known to be the norm, and not many people saw anything amiss. From a European point of view, the natural next step of any powerful European nation’s political agenda is embarking on voyages of exploration and colonialism.
Firstly, he symbolizes the darker side of humanity, starting with the extreme greed and an obsessive love of power. Secondly, he stands for the influence of the savages on the civilized man. Thirdly, we can see Kurtz 's descent into insanity“...the mysterious clues to Kurtz 's character, the dead bodies, skulls, crypt-like residences, and oppressive natural surroundings build in [an] increasing insanity until all these details appear to culminate into symbolic meaning” (Loe 1991). He is the person who collects the most ivory for the Company, and partly as a result of that he is admired and even revered by other people. He is willing to go farther than anyone else to obtain ivory, as shown by the fact that he holds the innermost station of the Congo.
The seemingly simple story about one man’s journey into unchartered territory in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness has proven itself to be one of the most important novels written in the twentieth century. However, the importance of Conrad’s story has changed throughout the years. There have been a plethora of interpretations and readings of Heart of Darkness since it was first published, and it seems that audiences of Conrad’s novel will never be able to come to one, concrete interpretation and explanation of the story. The character Kurtz’s final words, “The horror, the horror” have always been an important topic of discussion, and although audiences will never be able to tap into Conrad’s mind in order to learn what Kurtz’s final words were meant to represent, critics have nonetheless been able to come up with their own conclusions. Although critics like Chinua Achebe disregard the importance of Kurtz’s famous last words, there is significance in evaluating the delusional yet profoundly human reaction Kurtz has in realizing that he is about to succumb to death.
The reader sees Kurtz’s diminishing confidence as he remarks “I am lying here in the dark waiting for death”(69). His final words “The horror! The horror!”(69) express his final recognition of humanity’s depravity and lack of self control. Marlow, also wrestling with death at the same time, recognizes the significance of Kurtz’s final judgement and remarks “If such is the form of ultimate wisdom, then life is a greater riddle than some of us think it to be. I was within a hair’s breadth of the last opportunity for pronouncement, and I found with humiliation that probably I would have nothing to say.
Heart of Darkness portrays the fearsome and psychologically sophisticated story of the struggle between civilization and the wild untamed nature. The captain of the vessel is named Charlie Marlow, initially his aim is to take ivory out of Africa and with it an ill agent named Mr. Kurtz because of who Marlow’s reality starts to change. Kurtz is one of the key character in the novel. He was called the “universal genius”, who is extremely intelligent but unfortunately falls under the influence of human instincts like greed. Nobody from the people who surround him can help him, in fact the opposite, he is considered to be godlike, for instance, because of his origin: “On my asking who Mr. Kurtz was, he said he was a first-class agent;
A reading that demonstrates out of the ordinary behavior is the novella Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. Heart of Darkness is about Marlow’s voyage as a skipper on a steamboat into the African jungle who is searching for Kurtz, an ivory trader. Marlow is sent to bring Kurtz back to civilization.
Jennifer Brooks associates Heart of Darkness with dreams and dream-like imagery through Marlow, Kurtz, and the Congo. The underlying truths for Marlow are repressed by him as his realization of Kurtz’ “Horror” is he is part of it himself. Brooks’ article is filled with associations of Sigmund Freud to the Conrad’s novella in which Marlow’s abstract narrative portrays dream-thoughts as it does in Interpretation of Dreams. Marlow is unable to grasp what he see’s in Africa and describes it in hazy-like imagery to the reader. Though, there is meaning to this dream-like presentation in that it is the truth of the Congo.