Human Criticism: The Main Aspects Of Existentialism

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As Pecorino (2000) defined it, “existentialism is a philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom, and choice that influenced many diverse writers in the 19th and 20th centuries”. From the definition, it can be said that it is a view that all humans should determine their own meaning in life, and therefore try to make rational decisions in spite of existing in an irrational universe. The central point of the idea is the question of human existence, and the feeling that there is no purpose or explanation at the innermost of existence. It further holds that there is no God or any other superior force, and that the only means to opposed this nonexistence is by willingly accepting existence. The following paragraphs discuss the main feature of the existentialist view which includes; existence precedes essence, the absurd, facticity, authenticity, the Other and the Look, angst and dread, despair, etc. In addition, Sartre’s Theory will also be discussed whether it is appealing or discouraging.

Existence precedes essence: This feature of existentialism simply state that human have to recognize that they are individuals, independently acting and responsible, and conscious beings, rather than fitting themselves in the preconceived categories. Furthermore, individuals must understand that their actual life compose their true essence. Therefore human beings, under their own consciousness create their own values and determine a meaning to their life.
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