It was considered to better mirror the degree of hardship in created nations contrasted with the HDI. In 2010 it was supplanted by the UN's Multidimensional Poverty Index. The HPI focuses on the hardship in the three vital components of human life effectively reflected in the HDI: life span, learning and a conventional way of life. The HPI is inferred independently to develop nations (HPI-1) and a gathering of select high-wage OECD nations (HPI-2) to better reflect financial contrasts furthermore the generally distinctive measures of hardship in the two gatherings. For developing countries (HPI-1) The Human Development Reports site outlines this as "A composite file measuring hardships in the three fundamental measurements caught in the human improvement list — a long and sound life, information and a not too bad way of life."
For example, educating a girl would build her skills, but it is of little use if she is denied access to jobs. Thus, this includes two aspects • Foundational, which includes the fundamental values of the human development • Contextual, which helps to create the conditions that allow people to develop THREE DIMENSIONS OF HDI HDI is a measure of achievement in three dimensions- • Health, which is assessed by life expectancy at birth • Education, which is measured by mean of years of schooling for adults aged 25 years • Standard of living, which is measured by the gross national income per
Also human poverty includes a plethora of things and she doesn’t specify which ones need to be prioritized .She advocates for the use of HPI as a measure but the problem with it is that it has only two categories of countries which are developing and industrial. She advocates for a feminist approach to understand the gender implications of poverty ,taking in consideration the restrictions that women face which men don’t ,which would help formulate better policies
are used for three indicators other than academic performance (Shachar and Neumann, 2003). Phipps and Merisotis (1999) indicate that in most of the studies conducted on distance education, researchers do not provide sufficient evidence about the validation of measurement tools that the researchers developed for measuring the characteristics such as satisfaction and perception. Furthermore, when researchers use the tools that they developed for measuring these indicators, it would be challenging to compare the results of other studies
There are a variety of ways to measure the standard of living for people living in a country. The most common ways to do so is by measuring the amount of GDP per capita but using only that statistic would not give an accurate measure of the current state, so there are are other statistics that can be taken into account when measuring standard of living and overall state of the economy. Another way would be to use the Human Development Index(HDI), the unemployment and inflation rates and alternative statistics such as life expectancy at birth or infant mortality rates. Each of these ways of measuring standard of living hold their faults, one prominent example would be one using GDP per capita. GDP per capita is just the total GDP of a country divided by its population, this does not actually tell you what people are living like and it assumes that everyone in the country is earning the same exact amount of money.
Self-esteem maximization proposed that, to experience self-esteem maximization along with the full development of self-worth, students need to feel these four components (significance, competence, power and virtue) equally. With these components, the outcome of belonging, mastery, independence and generosity together can provide a unifying theme in promoting positive cultures for education and youth programs (Brendtro et al., 1990). Students are motivated to maintain the level of performance in school that is consistent with the positive or negative judgment of their ability. Hence knowing what students are currently functioning at could be an effective way to prevent them from having lower expectations which can lead to lower achievement levels (Jennell Karen, 2010). Therefore in the present study exploring the concept of self-esteem and academic performance in the Indian population will help the Indian counselors and education system to use interventions strategies and help the students cope with their academics.
The index measures an asset’s wider value to society, and not the price for which it could be bought or sold. And also the Inclusive wealth shows sustainability. The inclusive wealth doesn’t just show environmental sustainability, its reflects the longevity of peoples’ values and well-being too. Inclusive wealth strength is a better indictor and can filling the gap about HDI and gross domestic project. HDI gives a wider view of human well-being, but it lacks the environmental dimension.
Future research should focus on the quality of data from specific EMHR components and important data attributes for quality measurement such as granularity, timeliness, and comparability. Finally, factors associated with poor or variability in data quality need to be better understood and effective interventions
These four countries are all in different stages of development and some are higher along the spectrum than others resulting in completely different ways of life among the four countries. The human development index shows that France is at the top followed by Algeria, Philippines and Ethiopia. The three factors that go into determining the human development of a country are health, education, and standard of living. These three factors are shown by the HDI of a country, but they do not always show us the full picture. The total fertility rate of a country demonstrates the average amount of children a woman is likely to have in her child bearing years.
Human resource development (HRD) is always play an important role in the development of an industry as well as personal development for individual. Nowadays, most of the organization are neglect or do not realize the importance of HRD towards the organizations development. This may causes the unsuccessful of an organization develop and survive in the future. Besides that, have a good HRD intervention may reduce the unemployment rate and it could be placed a right people on the right position. Therefore, we are analysing the empirical article done by Nafees A. Khan to discuss more about human resources development.