The field of social work can be challenging yet rewarding, but requires that clinicians have the knowledge of the habits and behaviors of human beings, to best use their skills to serve their clients. This chapter on young adulthood cover theories which discuss the stages and development throughout young adulthood. The discussions include, Erikson’s Intimacy v. Isolation, Levinson’s theory on 8 stages of adulthood, Emerging adulthood, cognitive development, and Sternberg 's theory of love. In order to understand the stages of adulthood, the author began by covering the developmental themes. The developmental themes within young adulthood are identified as , stage: intimacy v. isolation; economic independence; independent decision making;
Mainly, these emerging adults seek to identify who they are and what they want to achieve in life. Such exploratory tendencies drive them to reconnoiter work, love, and school-related aspects, which may explain the rationale that older individuals may perceive as laziness. The speed by which the group transitioned from adolescence to adulthood was much faster. In part, lack of schools and college education for most people, particularly the females, hastened the transition. People got married at an average of 21 years as compared to the current 28 years.
The study of adult development is, one might say, in its infancy. It has been taken seriously in the human sciences for only the past 30 years or so. The term adulthood spans the spectrum from what society designated as the beginning of maturity at the age of 18 to the end of life. In examining adulthood, it is useful to differentiate between what is considered "early adulthood versus middle and "late adulthood as there are changes and challenges unique to each era of the individual 's life (Mackenzie & O’Toole, 2011). the ages between 20 and 40 years are generally considered young adulthood, an age where optimal reasoning prevail physical functioning and intellectual relationships and major decisions regarding significant career choice are often contemplated and made, and a keen sense of identity prevails (Papalia, Cameron, & Feldman, 1996: Cech & Martin 2002).
Adult learners are mostly motivated to work hard as they believe education is applicable and will help them succeed in life. The third principle is dialogue wherby the adult learner expects two-way communication, the adult learner would want to ask the educator when he or she does not understand something; and expects to get feedback in return. Finally problem-solving, here the adult educator should learn to observe their learners and try to figure out where there is a problem. Sometimes adult learners want help but are unable to ask for it, they offen have personal problems and would want to be taught how to come up with a solution; in most cases they use what they learn in the classroom to associate with what is happening around them
The problem at this stage is to develop a sense of independence by separating from one’s family and trying out new things and the other different lifestyles. This is a stage of formulations of hopes and dreams. In the next stage, the person enters the adult world (ages 22-28). The issue at this stage is to explore and then in turn obtain the adult roles which are needed by the individual to be happy and successful in his/her career and relationships. Priorities begin to form at this stage.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born into this world is unique. Children are born with different characters, their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by a variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting with the environment and community or setting in which they live in. Most of the time, adults mainly focus on the physical development of a child and so quick to base their conclusions or judgement on the physical skills.
1.3 Explain the impact of adolescent development on a young persons thoughts, feelings and behaviours. During puberty the body will go through many changes and a young person will start to become more aware of their body and their personal appearance. As they go through these changes a young person will also try to find their identity but still want to fit in with their peers which may have an influence on their likes and dislikes. They will also become more sensitive to their feelings being highly emotional/upset or easily frustrated over minor issues. These emotional changes also cause mood swings resulting in young people becoming irritable or moody at times and not wanting to converse, this is also due to the hormonal changes
I agree with this point because in my opinion it is very true and exactly what most adults say the first time they encounter an emerging adult. Older adults did not have the luxury of time to really exploring their identities or even think about themselves and what they find to be fulfilling. Even if they did, everything was controversial back then and their options would be very limiting. Instead they were forced into marriage at an early age. A personal example of this are my parents.
Child Milestones During the first year of an infants life, there are many important factors in development. Parents have a responsibility and also a privilege to be apart of a child 's milestones. A child 's development is the process of growth of a baby to a child, teenager than to an adult. Within the first year, the most noticeable thing a child goes through is physical changes, an infants weight is doubled within the first six months then tripled within the same year. Physical growth isn 't the only thing that is noticeable within the first year of development, intellectual, emotional and social stages are also huge milestones in a child 's first year.
Each individual goes through two main stages of life which are childhood and adulthood. As children grow they will develop into who they will become as an adult. A childhood effects each and every one of us as an individual differently because no two children have the same childhood. Two siblings can live in the same household together, but grow up completely different based on how they were brought up, and who guided them. Some children go through traumatic events as they were growing up and that could have a permanent effect on them as an adult, it could influence their behavior as they mature.